A currency sign is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money. They typically employ the first letter or character of the currency, sometimes with minor changes such as ligatures or overlaid vertical or horizontal bars. Today, ISO 4217 codes are used instead of currency signs for most official purposes, though currency signs may be in common use in many other contexts. Few currencies in the world have no shorthand symbol at all.
Although many former currency signs were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency sign — implementation of which requires the adoption of new unicode and type formats — has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers the global recognition of the euro sign € part of its success. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighboring countries. It finalized its new currency symbol, ₹ () on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter "र" (ra).
When writing currency amounts the location of the sign varies by currency. Many currencies, especially in Latin America and the English-speaking world, place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00); many others place it after the amount (e.g., 50.00 SFr); and the Cape Verdean escudo, like the former Portuguese escudo and French franc, placed its sign in the decimal position (i.e., 20$00).
The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although not in print. Commas (e.g., 5,00 €) or decimal points (e.g., $50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.
Older currency signs have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso signs originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira signs evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new signs have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the real sign is meant to symbolize stability. The new Indian rupee symbol, , is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.
There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community and how the sign is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro sign would need to be customized to work in different fonts. The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most typefaces employing customized, font-specific versions, usually with reduced width.
List of presently-circulating currency signs
|¤¤||ZzzGeneric currency sign||Used when the correct sign is not available|
|B฿||BahtThai baht, BitcoinBitcoin|
|Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.|
|BsFBs.F.||BolivarVenezuelan bolívar variant||Usually Bs.|
|c1¢||cent1cent, centavo, &c.||A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)
See also c
|c2c||cent2cent &c. variant||Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.
See also ¢
|ctct||centasLithuanian centas||A centesimal division of the litas|
|chCh.||chhertumBhutanese chhertum||A centesimal division of the ngultrum.|
|C2₡||ColonCosta Rican colón||Also used for the former Salvadoran colón, which was discontinued in 2001 in favor of the US dollar, but remains accepted as legal tender.|
|Denден||DenarMacedonian denar||Latin form: DEN|
|DAدج||DinarAAlgerian dinar||Latin form: DA|
|DB.د.ب||DinarBBahraini dinar||Latin form: BD|
|DKد.ك||DinarKKuwaiti dinar||Latin form: K.D.|
|LDل.د||DinarLLibyan dinar||Latin form: LD|
|Dinдин||DinarSSerbian dinar||Latin form: din.|
|DTد.ت||DinarTTunisian dinar||Latin form: DT|
|DMد.م.||DirhamMMoroccan dirham||Latin forms: DH or Dhs|
|DHد.إ||DirhamUUnited Arab Emirates dirham||Latin forms: DH or Dhs|
|DbDb||DobraSão Tomé and Príncipe dobra|
|S1$||United States (US$), DollarAustralian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (CA$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$), Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$ or LD$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Soloman Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), Taiwanese (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan, and Zimbabwean (Z$) dollars
Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COL$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos
Nicaraguan córdoba (C$)
Brazilian real (R$)
|May appear with either one or two bars, both of which currently share the same unicode space.
Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.
Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 with the Singaporean dollar.
See also MOP$ and WS$
|D3||DramArmenian dram||Unicode : ֏|
|EscEsc||EscudoCape Verdean escudo||Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão):|
|E€||EuroEuropean euro||In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, and Monaco have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.|
|Fƒ||FlorinAruban florin (Afl.)
Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
|FBuFBu||Franc BBurundian franc|
|FCFAFCFA||Franc CaCentral African CFA franc||Also CFA
Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc
|FrFr||Franc CoComorian (CF), Congolese (CF), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/GFr) and Swiss (SFr) francs||Also F. The character ₣, representing an F with a double bar, proposed as a symbol for the French Franc by Édouard Balladur in 1988 was never adopted, it is represented by a ligature Fr in some fonts.|
|FRwFRw||Franc RRwandan franc||Possibly also RF and RFr|
|CFACFA||Franc WaWest African CFA franc||Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc|
|grgr||groszPolish grosz||A centesimal division of the złoty|
|hh||halerCzech haléř||A centesimal division of the koruna|
|K-₭||KipLao kip||Or ₭N|
|Krkr||KroneDanish (Dkr) and Norwegian krones
Faroese and Icelandic (Íkr) króna
|Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone,
":-" is used as an alternative sign for the Swedish krona, ",-" is used as an alternative sign for the Norwegian and Danish krones.
|MKMK||Kwacha MMalawian kwacha|
|ZKZK||Kwacha ZZambian kwacha|
Papua New Guinean kina
|Also used as the currency sign for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note
Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
|LeLe||LeoneSierra Leonean leone|
|EE||LilangeniSwazi lilangeni||Sign based on the plural form "emalangeni.
" The one-lilageni note employs the currency sign L
|lplp||LipaCroatian lipa||A centesimal division of the kuna.|
|M1M||LotiLesotho loti||Sign based on plural form "maloti.
" The one-loti note employs the currency sign L
|M2||ManatAzerbaijani manat||Also m. and man.|
|KMКМ||MarkBosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark||Latin form: KM|
|MTMT||MeticalMozambican metical||Also MTn|
|m/₥||millMill, mil, &.c||An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)|
|NfkNfk||NakfaEritrean nakfa||Also Nfa|
|MOPSMOP$||PatacaMacanese pataca||Also 圓 and 元|
|P2₱||PesoPhilippine peso||Also P, PhP, and P|
|ptPt.||piastreEgyptian piastre||A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound.|
|L-£||Pound BBritish, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Lebanese (LL), Manx, St. Helena, Sudanese and Syrian (LS) pounds||Also ₤ and L|
|GMج.م.||Pound EEgyptian pound||Latin: L.E. Rarely £E or E£|
|qindarkeAlbanian qindarkë||A centesimal division of the lek.|
|R1R||RandSouth African rand||Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles|
|RSR$||RealBrazilian real||Also the double-barred dollar sign:|
|Rialريال||Rial IIranian rial||Script for "rial," a currency name also used by other nations.|
|ROر.ع.||Rial OOmani rial|
|RKر.ق||Rial QQatari riyal||Latin: QR|
|RSر.س||Riyal SSaudi riyal||Latin: SR. Also: ریال|
|R2р.||Ruble TBritish &c. pennies
|The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.|
|RfRf.||RufiyaaMaldivian rufiyaa||Also MRf., MVR and .ރ|
|R3₹()||Rupee IIndian rupee||Unicode: ₹|
|Rs₨||Rupee PMauritian, Nepalese (N₨/रू.) and Sri Lankan (SLRs/රු) rupees|
|Rs₨ (PKR)||Pakistani Rupee|
|SReSRe||Rupee SSeychellois rupee||Also SR|
|ss||santimsLatvian santīms||A centesimal division of the lats.|
|Sh₪||ShekelIsraeli new shekel|
|KshKsh||Shilling KKenyan shilling||Also KSh|
|ShsoSh.So.||Shilling SSomali shilling|
|UshUSh||Shilling UUgandan shilling|
|SS/.||SolPeruvian nuevo sol|
|SDRSDR||SpecialSpecial drawing rights|
|Tk৳||TakaBangladeshi Taka||Also Tk|
|WSSWS$||TalaSamoan tālā||Sign based on previous name "West Samoan tala."
Also T and ST.
See also $
|T||TengeKazakhstani tenge||Unicode: ₸|
|W₩||WonNorth Korean and South Korean won|
|Y¥||YuanJapanese yen (円/圓)
Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆)
|Used with one and two crossbars.
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
List of historic currency signs
- ₳ Argentine austral sign
- ₢ Cr$ Brazilian cruzeiro sign
- ₰ pfennig sign of the German Mark (1875-1923) and the German Reichsmark (1923-1948)
- DM East German Deutsche Mark (east) sign (1948-1964)
- DM West German and united German Deutsche Mark (west) sign (1948-2001)
- ₯ Greek drachma sign
- ₠ ECU sign (not widely used, and now historical; replaced by the euro)
- ƒ Dutch gulden sign, currently used in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
- Fr franc sign, used in France and other countries; in France an F with double bar was proposed in 1988 but never adopted
- ₤ lira sign, formerly used in Italy, San Marino and Vatican City, and sometimes in Malta
- Lm Maltese lira sign
- Kčs Czechoslovak koruna sign
- M East German Mark der DDR sign (1968-1990)
- ℳ German Mark sign (1875-1923)
- MDN East German Mark der Deutschen Notenbank sign (1964-1968)
- mk Finnish markka sign
- $ Portuguese escudo sign (cifrão)
- ₧ Spanish peseta sign
- ℛℳ German reichsmark sign (1923-1948)
- Sk Slovak koruna
- ₷ Spesmilo (1907 - First World War) in the Esperanto movement
- ₶ Livre tournois sign, used in medieval France.
- Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
- Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- "The real. rs money." (PDF). ECB. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-05-21.
- Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- [www.bankofguyana.org.gy Bank of Guyana]. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us - A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
- Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Banque Centrale de Mauritanie. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Bank of Mauritius. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Central Bank of Somalia. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.