Current-mode logic

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Current-mode logic is also an alternate name for Emitter-coupled logic.

Current mode logic (CML), or source-coupled logic (SCL), is a differential digital logic family intended to transmit data at speeds between 312.5 Mbit/s and 3.125 Gbit/s across standard printed circuit boards.[1]

CML termination scheme

The transmission is point-to-point, unidirectional, and is usually terminated at the destination with 50 Ω resistors to Vcc on both differential lines. CML is frequently used in interfaces to fiber optic components.

CML signals have also been found useful for connections between modules. CML is the physical layer used in DVI and HDMI video links, the interfaces between a display controller and a monitor.[2]

This technology has widely been used in design of high-speed integrated systems, such as in telecommunication systems (serial data transceivers, frequency synthesizers, etc.). The fast operation of CML circuits is mainly due to their lower output voltage swing compared to the static CMOS circuits as well as the very fast current switching taking place at the input differential pair transistors. One of the primary requirements of a current-mode logic circuit is that the current bias transistor must remain in saturation region in order to maintain constant current.

Applications in ultra low power: Recently, CML topology has been used in ultra-low power applications. Studies show that while the leakage current in the conventional static CMOS circuits is becoming a major challenge in lowering the energy dissipation, good control on current consumption in the CML topology makes them a very good candidate at extreme low power conditions. Called subthreshold CML or subthreshold source coupled logic (STSCL), the consumption of each gate can be reduced down to few tens of pico-Amperes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Serial Interface for Data Converters, JEDEC standard JESD204, April 2006
  2. ^ "Understanding DVI‐D, HDMI And DisplayPort Signals". Retrieved 2013-10-30.