Curt von Morgen

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Curt von Morgen
Vonmorgenkurt.jpg
Curt von Morgen during WWI
Born 1 November 1858
Neiße, Kingdom of Prussia
Died 15 February 1928(1928-02-15) (aged 69)
Lübeck, Germany
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1878–1919
Rank General of Infantry
Commands held
Battles/wars

World War I

Battle of Tannenberg
Awards Pour le Mérite with Oak Leaves
Relations Anthony Fokker
The leaders of Tannenberg on 24 August 1924 in Königsberg (Prussia)

Curt Ernst von Morgen (1 November 1858 in Neiße – 15 February 1928 in Lübeck) was a Prussian explorer and officer, later General of Infantry during World War I. He was a recipient of Pour le Mérite with Oak Leaves.

Military service[edit]

On 27 January 1912, he was promoted to Generalmajor and assigned as commander of the 81st Infantry Brigade in Lübeck. On 9 August 1913, when the emperor visited the town, he reported to him.

World War I[edit]

On mobilisation for World War I in August 1914, he became commander of the 3rd Reserve Division from Danzig, and promoted to Generalleutnant on the 19th of that month.[1] He commanded this division as part of the 8th Army in the pivotal Battle of Tannenberg at the opening of the war on the Eastern Front, and at the subsequent First Battle of the Masurian Lakes. For his performance in this period, he was awarded the Pour le Mérite on 1 December 1914.[2]

On 24 November 1914, he took over command of I Reserve Corps from Otto von Below.[3] He led this Corps for almost the entire war, only swapping places with Richard Wellman in command of XIV Reserve Corps in August 1918.[4]

He was awarded the Oakleaves to the Pour le Mérite (signifying a second award) on 11 December 1916.[2]

Later life[edit]

After his retirement he became General of Infanterie and returned to Lübeck.

Family[edit]

His son Heinrich-Joachim von Morgen (1902–1932) was an early German race car driver. His daughter Elizabeth married in 1923 the aircraft designer Anthony Fokker.

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kurt von Morgen". The Prussian Machine. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Orden Pour le Mérite". Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Armee-Reserve-Korps". The Prussian Machine. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Richard Wellmann". The Prussian Machine. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Rangliste der Königlich Preußischen Armee und des XIII. (Königlich Württembergischen) Armeekorps für 1914. Berlin: Hrsg.: Kriegsministerium, Ernst Siegfried Mittler & Sohn. 1914. 
  • Hanns Möller: Geschichte der Ritter des Ordens pour le mérite im Weltkrieg, Band II: M–Z, Verlag Bernard & Graefe, Berlin 1935
  • Florian Hoffmann: Okkupation und Militärverwaltung in Kamerun. Etablierung und Institutionalisierung des kolonialen Gewaltmonopols 1891–1914, Göttingen 2007

+ Rangliste der Königlich Preußischen Armee und des XIII. (Königlich Württembergischen) Armeekorps für 1914, Hrsg.: Kriegsministerium, Ernst Siegfried Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1914, S.82

  • Lübecker General-Anzeiger, Obituary in the Newspaper from Lübeck of 16th, 21 and 22 February 1928
Military offices
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Otto von Below
Commander, I Reserve Corps
28 November 1914 - 25 August 1918
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Richard Wellman
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Richard Wellman
Commander, XIV Reserve Corps
25 August 1918 - 11 November 1918
Succeeded by
Disbanded