Curtatone-class destroyer

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Class overview
Operators:  Regia Marina
 Kriegsmarine
Built: 1920–1924
In commission: 1924–1951
Completed: 4
Lost: 3
Retired: 1
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 876 long tons (890 t) standard
890 long tons (900 t) full load
Length: 84.72 m (277 ft 11 in)
Beam: 8 m (26 ft 3 in)
Draught: 2.46 m (8 ft 1 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft Zoelly steam turbines
4 Thornycroft type boilers
22,000 hp (16,400 kW)
Speed: 32 knots (37 mph; 59 km/h)
Range: 1,800 nmi (3,300 km) at 15 kn (17 mph; 28 km/h)
Complement: 117
Armament: 4 × 102 mm guns (2 × 2)
2 × 76 mm AA guns (2 × 2)
6 × 31.2 mm machine guns
6 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes (2 × 3)
16 mines

The Curtatone class were a group of destroyers built for the Italian Navy. They were the first destroyers to be built in Italy after the end of World War I and were the first ships of this type to use twin rather than single mountings. The ships were originally ordered at the same time as the Palestro class destroyers, but were postponed due to steel shortages. The opportunity was taken to modify the design to incorporate experience and lengthen the ships by 4.5 m. The ships were later modernized for escort duties with the twin guns being replaced by singles and the triple 450 mm torpedo tubes replaced by twin 533 mm torpedo tubes. Extra light anti-aircraft guns were also fitted and the 76 mm/40 caliber guns removed

Ships[edit]

All four ships were built by Orlando yard in Livorno

Ship Launched Commissioned Service / Fate
Calatafimi 17 March 1923 24 May 1924 Captured by the Germans at Pireus on 9 September 1943 - served as TA19, sunk by Greek submarine Pipinos 19 August 1944 in the Aegean Sea
Castelfidardo 4 June 1922 7 March 1924 Captured by the Germans at Pireus on 9 September 1943 - served as TA16, sunk by allied aircraft 2 June 1944 in the Aegean
Curtatone 17 March 1922 21 June 1923 sunk by a mine near Athens on 20 May 1941
Monzambano 6 August 1923 4 June 1923 Survived the war. It was decommissioned in April 1951

References[edit]

  • Whitley, M.J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Cassell Publishing. ISBN 1-85409-521-8. 
  • Conway's All the World's Fighting ships 1906-1922