Curtici

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Curtici
Coat of arms of Curtici
Coat of arms
Curtici is located in Romania
Curtici
Curtici
Location of Curtici
Coordinates: 46°20′31″N 21°18′22″E / 46.34194°N 21.30611°E / 46.34194; 21.30611Coordinates: 46°20′31″N 21°18′22″E / 46.34194°N 21.30611°E / 46.34194; 21.30611
Country  Romania
County Arad County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Nicolae Mihail Aaniței (Social Democratic Party)
Population (2002)
 • Total 8,172
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariacurtici.ro/

Curtici (Hungarian: Kürtös, German: Kurtitsch) is a town located in Arad County, far western Romania. The town is situated at a 21 km distance from the county capital Arad, in the western part of Arad County. It is the most important railway meeting point of Central Europe with the western part of Romania. Its administrative territory extends on a 7970 ha area, on the Sântanei Plateau, a plateau characterized in the zone of the town by the sand hills formed by the old branches of the Mureș. Today it is a vineyard.

Curtici is a border town between Hungary and Romania, on the Romanian side. It is an especially important rail border crossing, as it is the main crossing between trains going from Hungary and Romania, especially those between Budapest and Bucharest. The town administered Dorobanţi village until 2004, when it was split off to form a separate commune.

The town's Hungarian name means "Trumpeter"; the German and Romanian names derive from that.

The first written confirmation of the town Curtici dates back to the 16th century, specifically to 1519. In 1998 it turned its 30th anniversary counted from its declaration as an urban settlement.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1977 11,104 —    
1992 9,987 −10.1%
2002 9,762 −2.3%
2011 6,849 −29.8%
Source: Census data

According to the 2011 census, the population of the town is 6,849 inhabitants. From an ethnic point of view it has the following structure: 86.62% are Romanians, 3.19% Hungarians, 9.35% Roma, 0.11% Germans, 0.21% Ukrainians and 0.1% are of other or undeclared nationalities.

Economy[edit]

Its economy is in a continuous development. Due to the agricultural potential of the zone, to its favourable position from the western border of Romania, to its closeness to Arad, to the presence of the main railway making connection with Western Europe (the railway station of Curtici was inaugurated in 1921, simultaneously with the formation of the customs) the town is an important economic pole. The town attracts the investients due to the establishment of the Arad-Curtici duty-free zone.

In summer the thermal water pool is the town's main tourist attraction.

Arad County (former) - Curtici, 1782-85