Curtis (Curtis Mayfield album)
|Studio album by Curtis Mayfield|
|Recorded||May - July 1970 at RCA Studios, Chicago|
77:53 (2000 reissue/Rhino)
|Curtis Mayfield chronology|
|Robert Christgau||B+ |
|Rolling Stone||(favorable) |
|The Village Voice||B|
Curtis is the debut album by American soul/funk artist Curtis Mayfield, released in September 1970. Produced by Mayfield, it was released on his own label Curtom Records. The musical styles of Curtis moved further away from the pop-soul sounds of Mayfield's previous group The Impressions and featured more of a funk and psychedelia inspired sound. The album's subject matter incorporates political and social concerns of the time.
Curtis sold well at the time charting at number one on the Billboard Black albums (for five nonconsecutive weeks) and number nineteen on the Billboard Pop albums charts. Only the single "(Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below, We're All Going to Go" charted. Curtis receives very high praise from modern day critics with Bruce Eder of Allmusic commenting that the record is "...practically the "Sgt. Pepper's" album of '70s soul..." 
The album was a big influence on Paul Weller, who heard it around late 1981/early 1982. The Jam subsequently covered 'Move On Up' both live and as a B-side on their final single. Weller also covered the song with The Style Council and a copy of the album can be seen on the wall of the 'shop' on the cover of their second LP, Our Favourite Shop.
In 1970, Curtis began work on his own self-titled debut album. Although he never intended to leave the Impressions permanently, under recommendation from his business manager Marv Stuart, and the trend for both R&B and rock artists in the seventies was to go solo. Mayfield wouldn't officially leave The Impressions until 1971.
Recording and production
Like with some of his later Impressions work, Mayfield's lyrics reflected the social and political concern rising in black America at the time. Mayfield was one of the earliest artists to speak openly about African-American pride and community struggle. Mayfield reflected upon this time as a "happening era...when people stopped wearing tuxedos...people were getting down a little more."
The album had a more hard edged sound than the Impressions had before. On this new sound Mayfield claimed it was something he "long wanted to do...but were out of category of what was expected of me and the Impressions. What I got off in the Curtis album allowed me to be more personal for myself.". The two singles off the album "(Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below, We're All Going to Go" and "Move on Up" showcased Mayfield's new funk musical style, while the rest of the tracks were much softer soul based songs. Not having any traditional music lessons, Mayfield claimed his backing band would occasionly comment "gosh, this is a terribly strange key to play in", but still played it accordingly as written.
All songs written and composed by Curtis Mayfield.
|1.||"(Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below, We're All Going to Go"||7:50|
|2.||"The Other Side of Town"||4:01|
|3.||"The Makings of You"||3:43|
|4.||"We the People Who Are Darker Than Blue"||6:05|
|5.||"Move on Up"||9:00|
|6.||"Miss Black America"||2:53|
|7.||"Wild and Free"||3:16|
|8.||"Give It Up"||3:49|
In late 2000, Rhino Records re-released the album as they did with the Super Fly soundtrack with several bonus tracks including the radio edit for "(Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below, We're All Going to Go", and several demo versions of songs.
All songs written and composed by Curtis Mayfield except where noted.
|9.||"Power to the People" (demo version)||2:47|
|10.||"Underground" (demo version)||3:11|
|11.||"Ghetto Child" (demo version)||5:10|
|12.||"Readings in Astrology" (demo version)||3:31|
|13.||"Suffer" (demo version)||Donny Hathaway, Mayfield||2:31|
|14.||"Miss Black America" (demo version)||2:22|
|15.||"The Makings of You" (Backing Tracks, Take 32)||4:35|
|16.||"(Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below, We're All Going to Go" ((Backing Tracks, Takes 1 & 2))||9:34|
|17.||"(Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below, We're All Going to Go" (Radio edit)||3:26|
|Year||Peak chart positions|
|U.S. Pop albums||U.S. R&B albums|
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions|
|U.S. R&B Singles
|1970||"(Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below, We're All Going to Go"||29||3||—|
|1971||"Move on Up"||—||—||12|
- Musicians - Leonard Druss, John Howell, Harold Lepp, Loren Binford, Clifford Davis, Patrick Ferreri, Richard Single, Rudolph Stauber, Donald Simmons, Robert Lewis, Harold Dessent, Ronald Kolber, Harold Klatz, John Ross, Sol Bobrob, Sam Heiman, Elliot Golub, Henry Gibson, Robert Sims, Gary Slabo, Philip Upchurch
- Riley Hampton and Gary Slabo – producer, mixer
- R.J. Anfinson and Tom Flye – recording engineer
- Curtis Mayfield - producer
- Warwick, Neil; Jon Kutner, Tony Brown (2004). The complete book of the British charts. Omnibus Press. ISBN 1-84449-058-0.
- Pruter, Robert (1992). Chicago Soul. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-06259-0.
- Thompson, Dave (2001). Funk. Backbeat Books. ISBN 0-87930-629-7.
- Eder, Bruce. Curtis > Review at AllMusic. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Christgau, Robert. "Curtis Mayfield". robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 22 May 2008.
- Brown, Geoff (19 February 2010). "Review: Curtis". Mojo. Archived from the original on 22 May 2010.
- Unknown (December 2000). "Curtis Mayfield: Curtis: Review". Q. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
- Wendell, John (26 November 1970). "Curtis Mayfield: Curtis". RS 71. Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2 December 2007.
- Unknown (2 March 2000). "Curtis Mayfield: Curtis: Review". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
- Christgau, Robert (1970). "Consumer Guide (16)". The Village Voice (New York). Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- Pruter 1992, p.306-307
- Thompson 2001, p. 158
- Unterberger, Richie. Curtis Mayfield > Biography at AllMusic. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Curtis Mayfield > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums at AllMusic. Retrieved 22 June 2008.
- Curtis Mayfield > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles at AllMusic. Retrieved 22 June 2008.
- Warwick 2004, p. 713.