Curtiss JN-6H

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Curtiss JN-6H (Model 1F)
Curtiss JN-6H.jpg
Role Biplane trainer aircraft
Manufacturer Curtiss
Primary users United States Army Air Service
United States Navy
Produced 1918
Number built 1,035
Developed from Curtiss JN-4

The Curtiss JN-6H (Model 1F) was an American biplane trainer aircraft built by Curtiss for the United States Army Air Service during World War I.

Design and development[edit]

Developed from the one-off JN-5H advanced trainer, the 6H had a superior aileron operation mechanism. It was used in a variety of roles, with stick and rudder in either one seat or both: JN-6HB single-control bomber trainer (154 built), JN-6HG-1 dual-control gunnery trainer (560 built), JN-6HG-2 single-control gunnery trainer (90 built), JN-6HO single-control observation trainer (106 built),and JN-6HP single-control pursuit trainer (125 built), a total of 1,035; five went to the Navy.[1][2]

The airframe did not differ substantially from the JN-4H (Model 1E), and used the same 150 hp (112 kW) Hispano-Suiza 8A ("Hisso") V8, which weighed 408 lb (185 kg).[3]

Some of the aircraft were modernized as the Curtiss JNH and later to the Curtiss JNS (JN Standard) with either a 180 hp (134 kW) Wright-Hispano E (as JNS-E) or 150 hp (112 kW) Wright-Hispano I engine (as JNS-I).

Variants[edit]

JN.6H
Bomber training variant
JN.6HB
Single-control bomber trainer, 154 built
JN.6HG-1
dual-control gunnery trainer, one dorsal guns, 560 built.
JN.6HG-2
single-control gunnery trainer, two dorsal guns, 90 built
JN.6HO
single-control observation trainer, 106 built
JN.6HP
Pursuit training version, 125 built.

Operators[edit]

 United States

Specifications[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 (pilot)
  • Length: 26 ft 11 in (8.2 m)
  • Wingspan: 43 ft 7 in (13.28 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 10.5 in (3.01 m)
  • Gross weight: 2,750 lb (1,247 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 8A water-cooled 8-cylinder vee aircraft piston engine, 150 hp (110 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 80 mph (128 km/h)

Armament

  • 1 × fixed, forward-firing .30 in (7.62 mm) machine gun in cowl (JN-6HG-1) or
  • 2 × fixed, forward-firing .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns in cowl (JN-6HG-2)

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Fitzsimons 1978, p. 1502.
  2. ^ Donald 1997, p. 1502.
  3. ^ Hispano-Suiza 8A.
Bibliography
  • Andrade, John. U.S. Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Midland Counties Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-904597-22-9.
  • Donald, David, ed. Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 1-894102-24-X.
  • Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. "JN-4 and JN-6, Curtiss". Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare, Volume 14. London: Phoebus Publishing, 1978.