Custer County, South Dakota

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Custer County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Custer County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded 1875
Seat Custer
Largest city Custer
Area
 • Total 1,559 sq mi (4,038 km2)
 • Land 1,558 sq mi (4,034 km2)
 • Water 1 sq mi (4 km2), 0.09%
Population
 • (2010) 8,216
 • Density 4.67/sq mi (1.803/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6

Custer County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,216.[1] Its county seat is Custer.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,559.1 square miles (4,038.1 km2), of which 1,557 square miles (4,032.6 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.09%) is water.[3] Wind Cave National Park is located within the county, as is Jewel Cave National Monument. South Dakota's own Custer State Park is also located in the county.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 995
1890 4,891 391.6%
1900 2,728 −44.2%
1910 4,458 63.4%
1920 3,907 −12.4%
1930 5,353 37.0%
1940 6,023 12.5%
1950 5,517 −8.4%
1960 4,906 −11.1%
1970 4,698 −4.2%
1980 6,000 27.7%
1990 6,179 3.0%
2000 7,275 17.7%
2010 8,216 12.9%
Est. 2013 8,468 3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 7,275 people, 2,970 households, and 2,067 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.17% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 3.12% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.2% were of German, 9.8% Irish, 9.2% English, 7.1% Norwegian and 5.7% American ancestry.

There were 2,970 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 22.40% from 25 to 44, 31.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 104.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,303, and the median income for a family was $43,628. Males had a median income of $30,475 versus $20,781 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,945. About 6.20% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.00% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

2010 United States Census population[6]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into two areas of territory: East of Custer State Park and West of Custer State Park Custer.

National monument and park[edit]

State parks[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  6. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions: South Dakota". Population Census. 2010 United States Census. 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 

Coordinates: 43°41′N 103°28′W / 43.68°N 103.46°W / 43.68; -103.46