Custer State Park

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Coordinates: 43°44′45″N 103°25′5″W / 43.74583°N 103.41806°W / 43.74583; -103.41806
Custer State Park
South Dakota State Park
Adult bison and calf, Custer State Park, South Dakota (2009-08-25).jpg
American bison at the Wildlife Loop Road
Named for: George Armstrong Custer
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Custer
Location Custer
 - elevation 4,721 ft (1,439 m) [1]
 - coordinates 43°44′45″N 103°25′5″W / 43.74583°N 103.41806°W / 43.74583; -103.41806
Area 71,000 acres (28,700 ha)
Founded 1912
Management South Dakota Game, Fish & Parks
Location of Custer State Park in South Dakota
Pronghorn at the Wildlife loop road

Custer State Park is a state park and wildlife reserve in the Black Hills of southwestern South Dakota, USA. The park is South Dakota's largest and first state park, named after Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer. The area originally started out as sixteen sections, but was later changed into one block of land because of the challenges of the terrain.[2] The park began to grow rapidly in the 1920s and gained new land. During the 1930s the Civilian Conservation Corps built miles of roads, laid out parks and campgrounds, and built three dams that set up a future of water recreation at the park. In 1964 an additional 22,900 acres (93 km2) were added to the park.[2] The park covers an area of over 71,000 acres (287 km2) of hilly terrain and is home to many wild animals.[3]

The park is home to a famous herd of 1500 free roaming bison.[3] Elk, mule deer, white tailed deer, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, pronghorn, mountain lions, and feral burros also inhabit the park. The park is famous for its scenery, its scenic drives (Needles Highway and the wildlife loop), with views of the bison herd and prairie dog towns. This park is easily accessible by road from Rapid City. Other nearby attractions are Wind Cave National Park, Mount Rushmore, Jewel Cave National Monument, Crazy Horse Memorial, and Badlands National Park.

The popularity of the park grew in 1927, when U.S. President Calvin Coolidge made it his "summer White House" and announced from the Black Hills that he would not seek a second full term in office in the election of 1928.

Annual buffalo roundup[edit]

The park has an annual buffalo roundup and auction in September, in which the bison in the park (more than 1,000) are rounded up, with several hundred sold at auction so that the remaining number of animals will be compatible with the rangeland forage. The annual roundups began in 1965; more than 10,000 people now attend each one.[4]

Museums[edit]

The Peter Norbeck Center is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and is located on U.S. Route 16A in Custer. Exhibits focus on the park's natural history and cultural heritage, and include wildlife dioramas, a CCC bunkhouse and a gold prospecting display. The center is named for South Dakota Governor and Senator Peter Norbeck. Many of the park's naturalist programs begin at the center.

Badger Hole, also known as Badger Clark Historical Site, was the home of Charles Badger Clark (1883–1957), who was named South Dakota's first Poet Laureate in 1937[5] and was noted for his cowboy poetry. The house is maintained as it was when Clark lived there. Visitors can tour the home and hike the adjacent Badger Clark Historic Trail.

Begging Burros[edit]

Begging Burros

Begging Burros is a name used to refer to the donkeys in Custer State Park. For many years, these donkeys have earned this nickname as they approach various passing cars through the park begging for food. After earning this reputation, the burros have become famous now garnering the attention of most travelers through the park inside and outside of cars. Many people bring food to the park specifically for the purpose of feeding these animals. The Begging Burros inhabit one area of the park upon a hill where approximately 50 of them try to obtain any food they can. Custer State Park's roadway is blocked off by these animals to the point where a driver needs to beep his or her horn to pass and continue through the park.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Custer State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1980-02-13. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  2. ^ a b Thune, John. "Custer State Park". Local Legacies. The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Custer State Park". Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
  4. ^ "Organizers: More than 10K spectators expected at annual buffalo roundup in Custer State Park". Washington Post (Associated Press). September 23, 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.badgerclark.org/ Badger Clark Memorial Society

External links[edit]