Cutchogue, New York
|Cutchogue, New York|
|Hamlet and census-designated place|
|• Total||10.2 sq mi (26.3 km2)|
|• Land||9.7 sq mi (25.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)|
|Elevation||30 ft (9 m)|
|• Density||330/sq mi (130/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0947961|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the community has a total area of 10.2 square miles (26.3 km2), of which 9.7 square miles (25.2 km2) is land and 0.42 square miles (1.1 km2), or 4.2%, is water.
The name Cutchogue is derived from an Algonquin word meaning "principal place". Many of the local Native Americans lived at Fort Corchaug before English-American settlers began arriving in 1640. The Old House, built in 1649, is the oldest English-style house in the village. In fact, it is one of the best surviving examples of English domestic architecture in the United States, and it has been named a National Historic Landmark. Famous early residents include political figure Parker Wickham and his nephew John Wickham. Cutchogue is also the birthplace of composer Douglas Moore. Hargrave Vineyard, the first winery on Long Island, was established in Cutchogue in 1973. The Long Island Merlot Alliance, which promotes wine-making using the merlot grape, the principal Long Island grape, is based in Cutchogue.
Demographics for the CDP
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,849 people, 1,120 households, and 801 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 351.7 per square mile (135.8/km²). There were 1,680 housing units at an average density of 207.4/sq mi (80.1/km²). The racial makeup of the community was 93.86% White, 2.42% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 1.72% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.69% of the population.
There were 1,120 households, out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the community was $65,469, and the median income for a family was $71,611. Males had a median income of $51,103 versus $34,432 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $35,042. About 2.0% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
Albert Einstein and Cutchogue
An avid sailor, Albert Einstein once called Little Peconic Bay in Cutchogue "the most beautiful sailing ground I ever experienced." In the summers of 1938 and 1939 he rented a cottage on Old Cove Road, now called West Cove Road, on Nassau Point, and spent many hours alone in a little sailboat he called Tineff (Yiddish for "worthless"). Albert Einstein was taught to sail on Little Peconic Bay by two local brothers, Jack and Bob Fisher, who had a lot of patience getting him to become a successful yachtsman. On one occasion, when the outgoing tide was carrying Einstein back to Europe, the Fisher boys (in their rowboat!) brought him back safely to the American shore.
While in Cutchogue on August 2, 1939, pipe-smoking Einstein was visited by fellow Jewish physicists from Hungary Leó Szilárd (who had produced a nuclear chain reaction in a laboratory at Columbia University) and Edward Teller (both prompted by Niels Bohr), and dictated the famous Letter to President Roosevelt, alerting him to the new developments in nuclear physics and hinting that the Germans might be working on an atomic bomb, urging him to launch his own program. The letter is widely credited with setting in motion the Manhattan Project, the US government effort that built the first atomic bomb.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cutchogue CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
- Kilgannon, Corey (21 July 2007). "No Sailor, for Sure, but He Had Relativity Down Cold". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
- Lanouette, William; Silard, Bela (1992). Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilárd: The Man Behind The Bomb. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 202. ISBN 0-684-19011-7.
- Isaacson, Walter (2008). Einstein: His Life and Universe. Simon and Schuster. p. 472. ISBN 0-7432-6473-8.
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