Cuttack

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This article is about the municipality in Odisha, India. For its namesake district, see Cuttack district.
Cuttack
କଟକ
Katak
Metropolitan City
Clockwise from top left: Deity of Cuttack Chandi Temple, Uttareshwar Temple, Barabati stadium, Railway Bridge on River Mahanadi,  View of Odisha High Court from Ravenshaw Collegiate School premises, Badambadi Bus Terminal
Clockwise from top left: Deity of Cuttack Chandi Temple, Uttareshwar Temple, Barabati stadium, Railway Bridge on River Mahanadi, View of Odisha High Court from Ravenshaw Collegiate School premises, Badambadi Bus Terminal
Nickname(s):
Cuttack is located in Odisha
Cuttack
Cuttack
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°31′25″N 85°47′17″E / 20.52361°N 85.78806°E / 20.52361; 85.78806Coordinates: 20°31′25″N 85°47′17″E / 20.52361°N 85.78806°E / 20.52361; 85.78806
Country  India
State Odisha
District Cuttack
Cuttack 989 CE
Founded by Raja Markat Keshari
Government
 • Type self-governing city, elected mayor
 • Body Municipal Corporation
 • Municipal Commissioner Rabinarayan Nanda
 • Mayor Anita Behera
Area
 • Total 192.5 km2 (74.3 sq mi)
Elevation 36 m (118 ft)
Population (2011)[1] 606,007
 • Rank 72
 • Density 4,382.23/km2 (11,349.9/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Odia
English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ZIP code(s) 7530xx/754xxx
Telephone code 0671
Vehicle registration OD-05/OR-05
Website cmccuttack.gov.in

Cuttack Listeni/ˈkʌtək/ is the former capital and the second largest city in the eastern Indian state of Odisha. It is also the headquarters of the Cuttack district. The name of the city is an anglicized form of Katak which literally means The Fort, a reference to the ancient Barabati Fort around which the city initially developed. Cuttack is also known as the Millennium City due to its history of 1000 years and the Silver City due to its famous silver filigree works. It is also considered as the judicial capital of Odisha as the Odisha High Court[2] is located here. It is also the commercial capital of Odisha which hosts a large number of trading and business houses in and around the city.

The city is spread across an area of 192.5 km2 (74 sq mi), centred on a spit of land between the Kathajodi River and the Mahanadi River, bounded on the southeast by Old Jagannath Road.[3] The city is part of the larger Cuttack Municipal Corporation which consists of 59 wards; in the south the CMC starts across the Kathajodi at Phulnakhara and runs north across the Mahanadi and Birupa to Choudwar, while in the east it begins at Kandarpur and runs west as far as Naraj. Cuttack and Bhubaneswar are often referred to as the Twin-Cities of Odisha.

The metropolitan area formed by the two cities has a population of 1.68 million in 2014.[4] Cuttack is categorised as a Tier-2 city as per the ranking system used by Government of India.[5][6][7][8]

Etymology[edit]

The name Cuttack is derived from Sanskrit, and means capital/city/a military establishment/cantonment/camp/bunker.[9] The city was known as Bidanasi Katak (meaning Bidanasi Military Base) during the days when Barabati Fort was in existence. Bidanasi is now one of the neighbourhoods in Ward 1.[10]

Established in 989 CE, Cuttack was the seat of government in Odisha for close to a thousand years before its burgeoning size forced the creation of a new capital at Bhubaneswar in 1948. The two cities are collectively referred to as the Twin Cities. Cuttack is famous for its unique silver filigree works (Tarakasi), and woven textiles. It is also famous for its Dussehra celebrations.

History[edit]

The entrance of Barabati Fort

The earliest written history of Cuttack may go back to the Keshari dynasty.[9] As stated by the distinguished historian Andrew Stirling, present-day Cuttack was established as a military cantonment by king Nrupa Keshari of Keshari dynasty in 989 CE. Stirling based his opinion on the Madala Panji, a chronicle of the Jagannath temple of Puri.[11] The reign of Markata Keshari was distinguished for the stone embank built to protect the new capital from flood in 1002 CE.

Historical and archaeological evidence suggests Cuttack becoming capital of a kingdom founded by Raja Anangabhimadeva III of Ganga dynasty in 1211 CE.[12] After the end of Ganga rule, Odisha passed to the hands of the Suryavamsi Gajapati dynasty (1434–1541 CE) under whom Cuttack continued to be the capital of Odisha.[12] After the death of Raja Mukunda deva,[13] the last Hindu king of Orissa, Cuttack first came under Muslim rule and later under Mughals.[14]

By 1750, Cuttack came under Maratha rule and it grew fast as a business centre being the convenient point of contact between the Marathas of Nagpur and the English merchants of Bengal. It was occupied by the British in 1803 and later became the capital of Odisha division in 1816. From 1948 onwards, when the capital was shifted to Bhubaneswar, the city remained the administrative headquarters for the state of Odisha.

Remnants of an old fort called Barabati Killa still exist in the heart of Cuttack with the moat around the fort.[15] Nearby is a modern stadium called the Barabati Stadium, host to many national and international cricket matches. Recently the stadium was upgraded with floodlights for facilitating Day and Night matches.

The introduction of the Sharadiya Utsav tradition in the city dates back to the visit of Saint Chaitanya in the 16th century when the consecration of the idol of Durga by using the mask pattern was conducted in his presence at Binod Behari Devi Mandap.

Recent growth of the city has resulted in expansion across the Kathajodi River and a newer township towards the head of the delta formed between the tributary Kathajodi river and the main river Mahanadi has come up by the name of Markat Nagar (popularly known as CDA by the local residents) which is spread across 2000 acres. CDA has 15 sectors out of which 11 are residential & has population around 150,000. Jagatpur & Mahanadi vihar are two other township in the City. Mahanadi Vihar is the first satellite city project in Odisha. Cuttack is referred to as a city with Baaban Bazaar, Teppan Galee i.e. this is the city of 52 markets and 53 streets which is told by people of Odisha for the largeness of this city. Naranpur is another satellite township coming up in Trishulia, on the other side of Kathajodi River.

Geography[edit]

Cuttack is located at 20°31′23″N 085°47′17″E / 20.52306°N 85.78806°E / 20.52306; 85.78806[16] and has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 ft). The city is spread across an area of 192.5 km2 (74 sq mi). The city is part of the larger Cuttack Municipal Corporation which consists of 59 wards. The city stretches from Phulnakhara in south to Choudwar in north and Kandarpur in east to naraj in west while main city is located at the apex of the Mahanadi River delta. Mahanadi runs through the city on the northern side separating the city from the Jagatpur Industrial Area. Apart from Mahanadi, three of its distributories also run through the city. The tributaries include the Kathajodi, the Kuakhai and the Birupa. The Kathajodi river forms a riverine of Bayalis Mouza after separating the main city from Gopalpur. The Kuakhai river separates the southern part of the city into two-halves, namely Pratap Nagri and the new township of Naranpur. The Kuakhai runs throughout the south of the city along Phulnakhara before entering Bhubaneswar. The Birupa river runs through the separates the Jagatpur Industrial Area from Choudwar. There are numerous ponds known as (pokharis) in the city that store rain water. The Mahanadi provides much of the drinking water to the city.

Climate[edit]

Cuttack
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
41
 
29
15
 
 
26
 
32
19
 
 
28
 
35
23
 
 
49
 
37
25
 
 
131
 
38
26
 
 
243
 
35
26
 
 
341
 
32
26
 
 
401
 
32
25
 
 
270
 
32
25
 
 
196
 
32
23
 
 
37
 
31
19
 
 
39
 
29
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Cuttack experiences a tropical wet and dry climate. The summer season is from March to June when the climate is hot and humid. The temperature around this season is 35 °C to 40 °C Thunderstorms are common at the height of the summer. The monsoon months are from July to October when the city receives most of its rainfall from the South West Monsoon. The annual rainfall is around 144 cm. Temperatures are considerably lower during the rainy season, averaging around 30 °C. The winter season from November to February is characterised by mild temperatures and occasional showers. The winter months feature chilly northerly winds which bring down the temperature to around 15 °C, though the bright sunshine helps maintain the pleasant weather. Temperatures may exceed 45 °C at the height of summer and may fall below 10 °C in winter.

Due to the proximity to coast, the city is prone to cyclones from the Bay of Bengal. One such cyclone struck Cuttack in 1971, resulting in more than 10,000 deaths in the state.[17] The Bureau of Indian Standards places the city inside seismic zone III on a scale ranging from I to V in order of increasing susceptibility to earthquakes.[18] The United Nations Development Programme reports that there is "very high damage risk" from winds and cyclones.[18] The 1999 Odisha cyclone caused major damage to the city claiming many lives.[19]

Climate data for Cuttack
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
32.3
(90.1)
35.4
(95.7)
37.0
(98.6)
37.5
(99.5)
34.7
(94.5)
32.3
(90.1)
31.8
(89.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
30.7
(87.3)
29.0
(84.2)
32.85
(91.13)
Average low °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
18.7
(65.7)
22.6
(72.7)
25.0
(77)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79)
25.5
(77.9)
25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77)
23.3
(73.9)
19.1
(66.4)
15.0
(59)
22.25
(72.06)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41.3
(1.626)
26.0
(1.024)
27.8
(1.094)
48.5
(1.909)
130.6
(5.142)
243.4
(9.583)
340.6
(13.409)
401.1
(15.791)
269.5
(10.61)
195.8
(7.709)
37.2
(1.465)
38.5
(1.516)
1,800.3
(70.878)
Source: Cuttack Weather

Culture[edit]

Piligrimage Sites[edit]

  • Cuttack Chandi Temple: The temple of Cuttack Chandi is probably the most famous religious establishment of city. The temple is dedicated to the Goddess Chandi, the presiding deity of Cuttack. The temple is located in proximity to the banks of the Mahanadi River. It is famous for its annual Durga Puja and Kali Puja festivals. The Durga Puja festivities are prominent in Maa Katak Chandi temple which takes place for 16 days stating from dark fortnight of Ashwina Krishna Ashtami till Ashwina Shukla navami and Vijayadashami. The Goddess popularly called as Maa Katak Chandi, sits and rules on the heart of the ancient city.
  • Gada Chandi Temple: It is situated in the historic Barbati Fort which is well known for its role in Odisha’s history. Gada Chandi temple is one of the oldest temples in Cuttack and is believed to be the older temple of Cuttack Chandi before her shift to the present Cuttack Chandi Temple. People strongly believe Maa Gada Chandi as 'The Living Goddess'.
  • Dhabaleswar Temple: The temple is dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva. It is situated on an exotic island in the Mahanadi River and is embellished with stone carvings that date back to the early 10th and 11th century. It is one of the famous weekend tours from Cuttack. The serene ambiance, in which the temple is situated, inspires spiritual feeling among one and all. The island is connected to the mainland on the other side by a suspension bridge which is the first and only of its kind in the state.
  • Paramahansa Nath Temple: Cuttack also hosts the Paramahansa Nath temple situated in Biribati. It is considered to be one of the oldest temples in the state.
  • Qadam Rasul: It is a very famous holy site for the Muslims in the state. It is believed to be a type of veneration of Muhammad. It comes from the belief started early in Islam that when Muhammad stepped on a rock his footprint left an imprint. This belief was never accepted by orthodox brands of Islam. However, the idea was disseminated widely and led to the creation of many shrines around such imprints one of them being situated in Cuttack.
  • Jama Masjid: Jama means big, and this is the oldest, biggest masjid of Cuttack. It was built during the Mughal era. Earlier there used to be a Madrasa in this mosque. However, since a decade, the Madrasa is shifted out. The neighbourhoods surrounding the Juma Masjid are inhabited both by Hindus and Muslims.
  • Daatan Sahib Gurdwara: A holy historical Sikh shrine, the Daatan Sahib Gurdwara is where the first Sikh Guru, Shree Guru Nanak Dev, halted on his way to Puri. It is believed that a tree branch planted by him after using it as a tooth cleaner still flourishes here, hence the name Daatan Sahib.

Cuttack also houses several churches that include Holy Rosary Church, Odia Baptist Church etc.

Festivals[edit]

Choudhury Bazar Chandi Medha

Cuttack, being the aesthetic capital of Odisha for a long period, celebrates festivals from all religions with much fanfare and devotion.

  • Durga Puja: Cuttack is famous throughout the nation for its Durga puja celebrations. Nearly 200 earthen idols of Goddess Durga are prepared by the different Puja Committees of the city to worship Goddess Durga The speciality Cuttack Durga Puja are its Chandi o Suna Medhas, in which the idols are adorned with huge amounts of gold and silver, with localities trying to outsmart each other by constructing more attractive idols. Cuttack celebrates Durga Puja with full energy on Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami and on Vijaya Dashami or Dussehra by burning an effigy of the demon Ravana. People from all of Odisha and nearby states visit Cuttack during this period observe the famous festival.
  • Boita Bandana: This festival is celebrated on the last day of the holy Hindu month of Kartik. On this auspicious day people flow miniature boitas or model boats in the Mahanadi and Kathajodi rivers to pay homage to the ancient merchants of Kalinga Kingdom. This day also marks the beginning of Bali Jatra. This festival is similar to the 'Masakapan Ke Tukad' festival of Bali, and to the 'Loi Krathong' festival of Thailand, both of which involve ritualistic floating of model boats around the same time of year.
  • Bali Jatra: The festival which Cuttackis look forward to most is the Bali Jatra.[20] Bali Yatra is supposedly the second largest trade festival in Asia and the largest in India. The name Bali Jatra literally means A Voyage to Bali. In olden times, merchants used to trade with South-East Asian Island Countries of Bali, Java, sumatra, Borneo. Whatever items they brought from those places after trading Odia goods used to be put up for sale in the capital (which was then Cuttack). People from all over the state and beyond used to come to Cuttack to buy these items. Bali Jatra is the festival of continuing this ancient tradition. It is held every year in November on the banks of the Mahanadi. Many stalls are set up selling both local and exotic goods. People from all over Odisha come to the Bali Jatra to buy items, as was the custom back in those days.
  • Kali puja: This festival is dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Kali and is celebrated on the new moon day of the Hindu month of Kartik. It coincides with the pan-Indian festival of Diwali amidst the bursting of firecrackers.
  • Kartikeshwar Puja: The puja in Cuttack is organised by the puja committees of Cuttack. This festival is observed to worship Kartikeya, the eldest son of Lord Shiva. Nowhere else except Sabarimala is the Kartikeswar puja carried out with so much elan.
  • Kite flying is also celebrated with much enthusiasm and energy in the city. Kite-flying culminates with the Makar Sankranti, with kite-flying competitions being held all over. Cuttack is the first city in the Eastern India to introduce kite-flying.

All the other regular Indian festivals like Ratha Yatra, Raja, Ganesh Chaturthi, Vasant Panchami, Holi, Diwali, Chhath, Id, Good Friday, Christmas and the numerous festivals are celebrated here.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census of India,[21] population of Cuttack City in 2011 was 606,007; of which male and female are 303,530 and 302,477 respectively. Its urban / metropolitan population is 658,986 of which 331,246 are males and 327,740 are females. Total children (0–6) in Cuttack City are 48,585 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 25,358 boys while 23,227 are girls. The children form 8.02% of total population of Cuttack City. The sex ratio of Cuttack City is 997 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 916 per 1000 boys.

Cuttack has an average literacy rate of 91.17% with male literacy at 97.87% and female literacy at 84.49%. The Cuttack ranks high in literacy rate among Top Cities of India.

Others include Christians and Sikhs
Religions in Cuttack
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
94%
Islam
  
5%
Others
  
1%

Around 94% of the city's population are Hindus while Muslims account for around 5% and the rest constitute 1% of the total population.[22]

Languages[edit]

Odia is the primary language used in the city besides Hindi being widely spoken and understood. There are people who also speak Kosli, Santali, Bengali, Marwari, Telugu, Gujarati, Punjabi, Urdu, Arabic, Tibetan etc. English is widely used for commercial purposes. Most of the banners are written in Odia, English and Hindi.

Civic Administration[edit]

CMC Headquarters

The City of Cuttack is administered by the Cuttack Municipal Corporation. CMC was established as a municipality in 4 June 1876 and was named as a corporation in 15 August 1994. This corporation covers an area of 192.5 km2.[23] The CMC is in charge of the civic and infrastructure needs of the Metropolitan City. Anita Behera is the Mayor of the Cuttack Municipal Corporation (CMC).[24][25] The Municipal Commissioner is the chief executive officer and head of the executive arm of the Municipal Corporation. All executive powers are vested on the Municipal Commissioner who is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer appointed by the State Government.

Cuttack has been the seat of Odisha politics since a long time. In the Indian parliament, Cuttack parliamentary constituency is represented by Mr. Bhartruhari Mahatab of Biju Janata Dal (BJD).

Cuttack City is divided into three constituencies which are represented at the State Legislative Assembly viz. Barabati-Cuttack, Choudwar-Cuttack and Cuttack Sadar. Cuttack-Sadar is represented by Kalindi Behera (BJD) whereas Barabati-Cuttack is represented by Debasish Samantaray (BJD) while Choudwar-Cuttack is represented by Pravat Biswal (BJD).

Bhubaneswar–Cuttack Police Commissionerate, under the control of Commissioner of Police, looks after the law enforcement in Cuttack. Cuttack has 21 Police Stations in the City.

Economy[edit]

Cuttack is widely known as the commercial capital of Odisha. It is believed to have the largest GDP among all cities in Odisha due to its large business houses and wide range of industries ranging from ferrous alloys, steel and logistics to agriculture and traditional industries like textiles and handicrafts. There are many trading houses in the city renowned nationally and internationally. The Paradip Port which is around 85 km from the city facilitates this process.[26]

Traditional cow horn sculpture

Traditional Industries[edit]

The city is second largest hub for textiles in eastern India. The city's annual textile trade generates over a billion dollars of revenue. A large textile park is planned, giving a face lift to the erstwhile Orissa Textile Mills in city outskirts. Cuttack is famous for its silver filigree works and only because of these works it is also known as the silver city of India.[27][28] Cuttack is also famous for its handicraft works using cow horn. Generally the horn of dead cattle is used and is performed by licensed craftsmen only. This peculiar artifact is limited to Cuttack only and anything of such kind is found nowhere in the world. These fine and unique handicraft works add significantly to the local economy.

Large Scale Industries[edit]

There are 11 large-scale industries in and around Cuttack mostly in Choudwar and Athagarh and many more in the pipeline. These industries include steel, power, automobile, alloys, fireclay, etc. Indian Metals & Ferro Alloys (IMFA), the country's largest producer of ferrous alloys is in Choudwar, Cuttack. A mega-auto complex is in implementation stages on the city's outskirts.

Tarakasi(Silver Filigree) Pendant and Ear rings

Logistics[edit]

Cuttack occupies a very significant place in the logistics map of the country.The number of medium- and small-scale industries concentrated around Cuttack is by far the largest among the cities in the state. The industrial estates in and around Cuttack numbers around eight. Jagatpur and Khapuria are industrial estates inside the city. A large chunk of these serve as ancillary industries for the big industrial houses in Odisha and other states.

The proximity to Paradip Port comes as an added advantage. OSL Group, one of the leading stevedore firms of the country is headquartered in Cuttack. Cuttack, being the largest business hub of the state is the nodal point of trade and transport. It also has the largest wholesale commodities market of the state at Malgodown and Chhatra Bazaar catering the whole state.

Service Sector[edit]

Being the former capital and now the partial capital of the state and a big business hub, many central and state government and corporate offices are in Cuttack. The service sector is quite large. The people of nearby districts are heavily depended on the city for their livelihood, contributing to the service sector and, thus, the floating population. The presence of Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), the largest rice research institute in Asia, adds to the importance of Cuttack in the agricultural map of the country. The presence of Odisha High Court and the SCB Medical & College, the largest medical institution in the state, further nourishes the service sector. Education is a major industry due to large number of universities, colleges, schools and coaching centres and caters to the neighbouring districts.

Media[edit]

Dhabaleswara Bridge

Cuttack has a Doordarshan centre which telecasts Odia programs. The Cuttack station of All India Radio started post-independence in 1948 and broadcasts programs in AM as well as FM bandwidth catering the whole state.[29][30] At present Cuttack has five local radio stations broadcasting on FM, including two from AIR. The private FM stations include BIG 92.7 FM, RED 93.5 FM and Radio Choklate 104 FM.[31]

Among several print media houses located at Cuttack, the Odia newspapers published here includes The Samaja (founded by Utkala Mani Gopabandhu Das), Prajatantra (founded by Harekrushna Mahatab, former Chief Minister of Odisha and former Governor of Maharashtra), Sambad and the Matrubhasha to name a few.

Odia Film Industry[edit]

The Odia Film Industry[32] has its base in Cuttack. The Odia fim industry is popularly known as Ollywood, the name is a portmanteau of the words Odia and Hollywood. In 1974, the Government of Odisha declared film making and construction of cinema theaters as industry in the state,[33] and two years later in 1976, it established the Orissa Film Development Corporation in Cuttack.[34] One of the regional offices for Central Board of Film Certification is situated in Cuttack.

Education[edit]

ABIT Main Academic Building

Schools in Cuttack are either run by the CMC or by private trusts and individuals. The odia medium schools in Cuttack are affiliated to the Board of Secondary Education, Odisha whilst the English medium affiliated to either ICSE and the CBSE boards. Apart from English and Odia medium schools, certain Hindi, Urdu, Gujrati, Bengali and Telugu medium schools are also present in Cuttack. Ravenshaw Collegiate School, the oldest school of Odisha which proudly boasts many eminent personalities in its alumni including Netaji Subash Chandra Bose, Biju Patnaik, Harekrishna Mahatab, etc is situated in Cuttack. Some of the other prominent odia medium schools of the city include Secondary Board High School, Jobra High School, Ravenshaw Girls High School, Ranihat High School,Nua Bazar High School, Odisha Police High School, Christ Collegiate School, Kamalakanta Vidayapitha, Peary Mohan Academy, Badambadi New Colony High School, Matrubhaban, Buckley Girls School, CRRI High School. Apart from it, the city has a number of Saraswati Shishu Mandirs.Cuttack also has a number of English medium schools including the Central Government undertaking Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1, Sector-1, Kendriya Vidyalaya No.2, Mahanadi Vihar, Kendriya Vidyalaya No.3, Mundali, Kendriya Vidyalaya No.4, Charbatia, Stewart School, New Stewart School, Delhi Public School Kalinga, St. Xavier's High School,Sri Sathya Sai School, St. Joseph's Girls High School, D.A.V. Public School, Sector-6, L.R.D.A.V Public School, Gandarpur, D.A.V. Public School, Rajabagicha, D.A.V. Public School, Tulsipur, D.A.V. Public School, Sector-9, S.C.B. Medical Public School, Cambridge School,Joharimall High School, Modern Public School, Queen Mary's School etc.

SCB Medical College Gents' Hostel

Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, students complete ten years of schooling and then enroll for two years in junior college, where they select one of three streams: arts, commerce, or science. This is followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering and medicine. Most of the colleges in the city are affiliated to the Council of Higher Secondary Education. Some of the prominent colleges include Jatia Kabi Bira Kishore (J.K.B.K.) College, Sailabala Women's College, Stewart Science college, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Higher Studies & Research, Netaji City College, Choudwar College, Raghunathjew College, Cuttack College, Emarti Devi Women's College etc.

The Twin Cities account for around 100 engineering colleges. Cuttack is home to several technical institutions which include Insitute of Management and Information Technology (IMIT), Bhubananda Orissa school of Engineering, Institute of Textile Technology (ITT), Dhaneshwar Rath Institute of Engineering & Management Studies (DRIEMS), Image Institute of Technology & Management (IITM), Ajay Binay Institute of Technology (ABIT), Institute of Professional Studies and Research (IPSAR), Jagannath Institute of Engineering and Technology, Barabati Institute of Management Studies etc.

Some of the other institute include Biju Pattnaik Institute of Film and Television and the Madhusudan Law College.

Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College (SCB), the largest medical college of the state is located in Cuttack. The S.C.B. Medical College also has a dental wing which offers bachelor degree in dental sciences. Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre (AHRCC), the only one of its kind in Eastern India, carries out high-end research and treatment in cancer. The Regional Spinal Injury Centre (RSIC) is also situated in the S.C.B. Medical College Campus. RSIC is an autonomous organisation under the administrative and financial control of Department of Health & Family Welfare, Government of Odisha and is headed by the director of the RSIC which provides rehabilitation measures to persons with disabilities especially spinal injury.

Asia's largest rice research institute, the Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI)[35] is situated in Cuttack.

Ravenshaw University[36] is one of the oldest institutes of India and the oldest college of the state which was founded by Thomas Edward Ravenshaw in 1868 and was granted University status on 15 November 2006. under the National Law University Odisha Act of 2008, the National Law University(NLU Cuttack)[37] was set up in Cuttack. Sri Sri University[38] established by the Sri Sri Ravi Shankar Vidya Mandir Trust is situated at Naraj.[39]

Panoramic view of Ravenshaw University

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Cuttack has an Air Base named Charbatia Air Base for the exclusive use of the Indian Air Force. The nearest commercial airport is the Biju Patnaik Airport at Bhubaneswar, about 28 km away. Cuttack still wants an international airport at tangi-choudwar area.

Rail[edit]

Cuttack Junction is one of the important stations on the Howrah-Chennai mainline of the East Coast Railway and falls under the Khurda Road division. A branch line to Paradeep starts from Cuttack. It is connected to all parts of India through trains run by the Indian Railways.The Cuttack Railway station is selected to be developed as a multi-functional railway station with food courts shopping plaza, theatres to be developed . Other railway stations in the city are Baranga Junction, Balikuda, Matagajpur, Kandarpur, Kathajodi, Kendrapara Road, Kapilas Road, Manguli, Nergundi and Naraj.

Road[edit]

On 28 April 2010, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways officially published a new numbering system for the National highway network in the Gazette of the Government of India. As per the new numbering National Highway 16 runs from North to South of the City. As a part of the Golden Quadrilateral project, this highway runs from Chennai to Kolkata. National Highway 55 connects Cuttack with Sambalpur. Feeder State Highways connect Cuttack to Jajpur, Paradeep, Talcher, Angul, Kendrapara and nearby towns in Cuttack district. Intra city transport is primarily through Auto rickshaws. Nowadays DTS city buses ply in the city to join different places in the city and Bhubaneswar. Cuttack is a major junction connecting all the major parts of the state. The bus terminus at Cuttack is located at Badambadi, and is one of the largest bus terminus in India, and thousands of private and government buses ply to hundreds of destinations everyday. A new bus terminus at Balikuda is under construction to relieve pressure off the Badambadi Bus Terminus.

Sports[edit]

Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Stadium

Cuttack is the home to Barabati Stadium, an important venue for international cricket matches.[40][41] The Barabati Stadium houses a state-of-the-art indoor hall christened as Sachin Tendulkar Indoor Hall,dedicated to Sachin Tendulkar on the occasion of the Master Blaster's century of international centuries, the indoor hall has been constructed at a cost of Rs 16 crores shared proportionately by the Odisha Cricket Association and the Board of Control for Cricket in India and was formally inaugurated by the former Steel and Mines Minister Raghunath Mohanty on the auspicious ocassion of Odisha Day(universally known as Utkal Divas).The centrally air-conditioned 185 feet long, 65 feet wide and 44 feet high four-storied complex has been built primarily to provide practice facility to cricketers during off season.The complex can also be used to stage competitions in different indoor sports including basketball, volleyball, badminton, table tennis, fencing, judo, weightlifting and wrestling. Cuttack also possesses Satyabrata Stadium, DRIEMS Stadium at Tangi and Jawaharlal Nehru indoor stadium along with some very good playgrounds like Nimpur Ground, Bidanasi Ground, Sunshine Ground, Ravenshaw Ground, SCB Medical Ground, BOSE Ground etc.

Cuttack along with Mumbai has hosted the 2013 Women's Cricket World Cup. Apart from it, Cuttack has also hosted matches in 1987 Cricket World Cup and 1996 Cricket World Cup. The 18th and 24th National Games were held in Cuttack in 1958 and 1970 respectively.

Cuttack has a branch of Sports Authority Of India(SAI) training centres, which was established on 26 March 1987[citation needed], under Sports Hostel Scheme at Barabati Stadium, Cuttack. Government of Odisha has provided accommodation facility at Barabati stadium for boys and at Jawaharlal Nehru indoor stadium for girls. The centre gives training for athletics, basketball, football, volleyball, and gymnastic. There is an athletic track at the Satyabrata stadium, near Barabati stadium.

Places of Interest[edit]

Barabati Fort[edit]

It is a 14th-century fort built by the Ganga dynasty ruler Maharaja Markata Keshari. The ruins of the fort remain with its moat, gate and the earthen mound of the nine-storied palace, which evokes the memories of past days. The temple dedicated to Gada Chandi is not far away from the fort. Renovation work for the old Gadakhai is underway with an aim to convert it into a world class tourist destination with boating facilities around it.

Netaji Birthplace Museum[edit]

Cuttack takes pride in being the birthplace of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, the prominent Indian freedom-fighter and founder of Azad Hind Fauj . The birthplace of Netaji is situated in Odia Bazar known as Janakinath Bhawan. The place has now been converted into a museum named Netaji Birth Place Museum. The museum showcases the original letters written by Netaji along with other important materials used by Netaji.

Remains of the Barabati Fort

Freedom Fighter's Memorial[edit]

It was inaugurated by Honorable Chief Minister of Odisha Mr. Naveen Patnaik on 23 January 2010, on the occasion of Netaji Jayanti. It is situated at the Old Jail complex in Dargha Bazar.

Nauka Vihar[edit]

The River Cruise site of the city is one of the most attractive recreational hubs that serves the tourist with a new concept of pleasure activities within the area. It is operated by private organisations with active support and participation of Odisha Tourism Development Corporation Limited (OTDC) through a Public Private Partnership mode. Pleasure boating, speed boat riding, temple tours on water, picnic party arrangement at different riverine islands are some of the key services of Boat Club. A children’s park and a fishing place are also developed by the management to provide one stop-shop leisure and entertainment solutions for the tourists. A multi-cuisine restaurant also serves to fulfill the necessities of tourists.

Theatres[edit]

Cuttack had been the centre of art and literature in the past. Annapurna Theatre is considered as the pioneer of Odia theatre company. The B-Group of the Annapurna theatre,situated in Buxi Bazar is also one of the oldest theatres of Cuttack.

Movie Theatres[edit]

The city has several movie theatres playing movies in Odia, Hindi, and English languages. To cater to the needs of a large Telugu audience in Cuttack, a few theatres also play Telugu movies. Cuttack once constituted also half of the number of cinema halls of the state but eventually the numbers decimated. Some of the well-known theatres from the past include Ananda, Brindaban, Capital, Devi, Durga, Ganesh, Grand, Hind, Jayashree, Kalyani, Laxmi, Nishamani, Prabhat, Rajtarangini, Sagar, Samrat, Sangam etc. but the number of movie thetres existing presently has been limited to five with only Brindaban, Jayashree, Nishamani, Samrat and Sangam still running shows. Cuttack will soon be having its first multiplex in the form of a national player namely INOX with construction work for the same well underway.

Jobra Barrage

Parks[edit]

Water Park[edit]

The city constitutes the state's only Water Park named Ocean World. Due to the strategic location of the water park being situated on the midway of Cuttack and Bhubaneswar, it is a popular outing location for the people of both cities.

Deer Park[edit]

A deer park is situated beside the Mahanadi Ring Road at Madhusudan Nagar, overseeing the beautiful Mahanadi River. The park has about 200 deers. The Park is maintained by the CMC.

Social Parks[edit]

The city is filled with numerous social parks. Biju Pattnaik park, Gouri Shankar park, Kathajodi river view park, Khannagar park, Jobra park, CDA Sec-6 park are some of the prominent existing parks.

Notable Personalities[edit]

  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose- Prominent Figure of Indian independence movement activism and reorganising and leading the Indian National Army in 2nd world war
  • Biju Patnaik- Indian politician and former Chief Minister of Odisha
  • Madhusudan Das- Odisha's first ever Graduate, Post-Graduate, Lawyer, Minister, Industrialist and India's first Minister to resign. He is also known as Utkala Gaurav
  • Gopabandhu Das- Founder of oldest existing odia newspaper The Samaja. He is also known as Utkala Mani
  • Naveen Patnaik- Present chief minister of Odisha, son of Biju Patnaik
  • Dr. Pranakrushna Parija- first Vice Chancellor of Odisha's first University
  • Samuel Tickell- British army officer, artist and ornithologist in India and Burma
  • Giridharilal Kedia- Former working president of KVK, Cuttack; Past district governor of Lions Club International 322C and former Chairman of IITM, Cuttack
  • Annapurna Maharana- Indian pro-independence activist[42]
  • Gopabandhu Choudhury- Freedom Fighter
  • Akshaya Mohanty- Odia Playback Singer, Music Composer and Music Director, Lyricist, Director, Actor, Story Writer, Poet. He was popularly known as Sangeet Samrat
  • Bhikari Bal- A singer and music director of numerous Odia Bhajans. He was also known as Bhajan Samrat
  • Banikantha Nimai Charan Harichandan- First Odia to record his songs
  • Hara Pattanaik- Odia Actor, director
  • Mihir Das- Odia Actor
  • Anubhav Mohanty- Odia Actor
  • Sabyasachi Mishra- Odia Actor
  • Sritam Das- Odia Actor
  • Buddhaditya Mohanty- Actor in odia, hindi and marathi film industries
  • Sona Mohapatra- Singer, film producer, founding partner of OM Grown Music
  • Koovarji Karsan Rathor- Businessman and philanthropist

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]