Cuyahoga County, Ohio

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Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Cuyahoga County Courthouse.jpg
Map of Ohio highlighting Cuyahoga County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded June 7, 1807[1]
Named for "crooked river" possibly in Algonquian
Seat Cleveland
Largest city Cleveland
Area
 • Total 1,245.59 sq mi (3,226 km2)
 • Land 457.19 sq mi (1,184 km2)
 • Water 788.40 sq mi (2,042 km2), 63.30%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 1,263,154
 • Density 2,800/sq mi (1,081/km²)
Congressional districts 9th, 11th, 14th, 16th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.cuyahogacounty.us

Cuyahoga County (/ˌk.əˈhɒɡə/ or /ˌk.əˈhɡə/[2][3][4][5] KY-u-HAW-gə or KY-u-HOH-gə) is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, the population was 1,280,122,[6] making it the most populous county in Ohio. Its county seat is Cleveland.[7] The county is named after the Iroquoian word Cuyahoga, which means 'crooked river'.[8] The name is also assigned to the Cuyahoga River, which bisects the county.

Cuyahoga County is included in the Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Former U.S. President James A. Garfield was born in what was Cuyahoga County's Orange Township.

History[edit]

Cuyahoga County was organized on June 7, 1807.[9] It was later reduced by the creation of Huron, Lake, and Lorain Counties.[10] It was named after the Cuyahoga River.

Cuyahoga County in 1874


Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 1,245.59 square miles (3,226.1 km2), of which 457.19 square miles (1,184.1 km2) (or 36.70%) is land and 788.40 square miles (2,041.9 km2) (or 63.30%) is water.[11] A portion of Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located in the southeastern portion of the county.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,459
1820 6,328 333.7%
1830 10,373 63.9%
1840 26,506 155.5%
1850 48,099 81.5%
1860 78,033 62.2%
1870 132,010 69.2%
1880 196,943 49.2%
1890 309,970 57.4%
1900 439,120 41.7%
1910 637,425 45.2%
1920 943,495 48.0%
1930 1,201,455 27.3%
1940 1,217,250 1.3%
1950 1,389,532 14.2%
1960 1,647,895 18.6%
1970 1,721,300 4.5%
1980 1,498,400 −12.9%
1990 1,412,140 −5.8%
2000 1,393,978 −1.3%
2010 1,280,122 −8.2%
Est. 2013 1,263,154 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2013
Cuyahoga County population (Source: United States Census, 2000)

As of the 2010 Census, there were 1,280,122 people, 571,457 households, and 319,996 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,800 people per square mile (1,081/km²). There were 621,763 housing units at an average density of 1,346 per square mile (520/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.6% White, 29.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.6% Asian (0.9% Indian, 0.7% Chinese, 0.3% Filipino, 0.2% Korean, 0.2% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese), 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. 4.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (3.1% Puerto Rican, 0.7% Mexican, 0.1% Dominican, 0.1% Guatemalan).[16] 16.5% were of German, 12.8% Irish, 8.8% Italian, 8.1% Polish, 8.5% British, 4.6% Czechoslovakian, and 3.1% Hungarian, ancestries.

There are also sizable numbers of Russians (1.7%), French, either from France or Canada (1.4%), Arabs (1.4%), Ukrainians (1.2%), Scandinavian (1.1%), and Greeks (0.7%). 88.4% spoke English, 3.7% Spanish, and 4.9% some other Indo-European language.[17] 7.3% of the population were foreign-born (of which 44.4% were born in Europe, 36.3% Asia, and 12.1% Latin America).[17][18]

There were 571,457 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.40% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.90% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,603, and the median income for a family was $58,631. The per capita income for the county was $26,263. About 10.30% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.[19][20]

Government[edit]

Cuyahoga County had long been led by a three-member Board of County Commissioners. However, on November 3, 2009, county voters overwhelmingly approved the adoption of a county charter form of government, which replaced the three-commissioner form of county government with an elected county executive and an 11-member county council. Each council member represents a single district; there are no at-large districts. Summit County is the only other Ohio county with this form of government.

In the November 2, 2010 election, Lakewood mayor Ed FitzGerald (D) defeated Matt Dolan (R) to become the first Cuyahoga County Executive.[21] The first Cuyahoga County Council was also elected, with Democrats winning the majority (8-3) over the Republicans.[22]

Politics[edit]

Cuyahoga County is heavily Democratic in voter registration.

Presidential election results, 1960–2008
Year Democratic Republican
2012 68.84% 420,953 30.17% 184,475
2008 68.50% 441,836 30.44% 196,369
2004 66.57% 448,503 32.89% 221,600
2000 62.62% 359,913 33.42% 192,099
1996 60.75% 341,357 29.15% 163,770
1992 52.72% 337,548 29.24% 187,186
1988 58.79% 353,401 40.33% 242,439
1984 55.65% 362,626 43.60% 284,094
1980 50.02% 307,448 41.47% 254,883
1976 56.03% 349,186 41.01% 255,594
1972 48.15% 317,670 49.94% 329,493
1968 53.95% 363,540 35.44% 238,791
1964 71.50% 492,911 28.50% 196,436
1960 59.83% 429,030 40.17% 288,056

Communities[edit]

Map of Cuyahoga County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Parks[edit]

Cuyahoga County is served by the Cleveland Metroparks system. Its 16 reservations provide more than 21,000 acres (8,500 ha) of green space and recreational amenities.[23] The county is home to part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park, which extends southward into Summit County.

Theaters[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Cuyahoga County has many options for shopping. Some of the well known shopping areas include:

Colleges and Universities[edit]

Cuyahoga County is home to a number of higher education institutions, including:

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Cuyahoga County is served by international, regional and county airports, including:

Major highways[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Cuyahoga County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ Feran, Tom (2004-02-13). "Shooing the hog out of Cuyahoga". The Plain Dealer. 
  3. ^ Feran, Tom (2006-06-02). "It's a Cleveland thing, so to speak". The Plain Dealer. 
  4. ^ Siegel, Robert; Block, Melissa (2009-06-23). "Letters: Cuyahoga River". All Things Considered (National Public Radio). Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  5. ^ McIntyre, Michael K. (2009-06-28). "How to pronounce 'Cuyahoga' turns into a national debate: Tipoff". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  6. ^ "Cuyahoga County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ "Cuyahoga County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Federal Roster: Counties of Ohio, Derivation of Name and Date of Erection". Retrieved 2007-07-22. 
  10. ^ "Ohio Genealogy Clickable County Map". Archived from the original on 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2007-07-25. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  16. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1&prodType=table
  17. ^ a b http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_DP02&prodType=table
  18. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_B04003&prodType=table
  19. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/39/39035.html
  20. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_DP03&prodType=table
  21. ^ Byrne, Brian (November 3, 2010). "Ed FitzGerald is first Cuyahoga County executive". The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio). Retrieved November 16, 2010. 
  22. ^ Garrett, Amanda (November 2, 2010). "Three Republicans heading toward victory on Cuyahoga County Council; Dems likely to take other 8 seats". The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio). Retrieved November 16, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Cleveland Metroparks: Plan Your Visit". Retrieved July 5, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Beck Center for the Arts". Lkwdpl.org. 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  25. ^ "Something Dada Improvisational Comedy". Cabaretdada.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  26. ^ [1][dead link]
  27. ^ "Cleveland Play House". Cleveland Play House. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  28. ^ Pavlish Group: Jason Maxwell / Don Pavlish. "Cleveland Public Theatre ~ Home". Cptonline.org. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  29. ^ "Dobama Theatre - Cleveland's Contemporary Stage". Dobama.org. 2010-06-05. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  30. ^ "Bay Village, Ohio". Huntington Playhouse. 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  31. ^ Karamu House website
  32. ^ "Near West Theatre". Near West Theatre. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  33. ^ "Home". PlayhouseSquare. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  34. ^ "SouthPark Mall Directory - Greater Cleveland's Largest Retail Destination Center". Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  35. ^ "Beachwood Place Directory - Top Stores, Shops, Brands in Cleveland, Ohio". Beachwoodplace.com. 2013-01-04. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  36. ^ "E T O N : Chagrin Boulevard : Stores". Etonchagrinblvd.com. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  37. ^ "Directory". Legacy Village. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  38. ^ "Retail Stores – Westlake, Ohio". Crocker Park. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°32′N 81°40′W / 41.54°N 81.66°W / 41.54; -81.66