Cwm y Glo
The focus of the village is on the original roadway, now bypassed by the A4086 road, which follows the approximate line of the former railway.
The village these days is mainly residential but has a number of small businesses. Menter Fachwen is thriving local charity offering work to adults with disabilities and has a cafe, shop and garden furniture factory in the village. The village also hosts a secondhand car dealer, a car repair garage/secondhand car dealership and a picture framers.
The community is policed from Llanberis and has a dedicated Community Beat Manager. (Searchable link included to identify the local Officer)
The origin of the village's name ("Valley of Coal") lies in its connection with the extensive slate industries which thrived in the valley in 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries. The area was home to the charcoal sub-industry, which the foundries at the various quarries depended on to fabricate iron to support the slate industry.
On 30 June 1869, two carts carrying nitroglycerine explosive collided in the village; the resulting explosion killed the carters as well as three others and injured a further eight. The explosion was at the time believed to be the loudest manmade explosion ever, and the debris, allegedly including a cart wheel, was thrown as far as the next village, Brynrefail. To this day an X inscribed on a wall at Clegir along the old road between Bryn Bras Castle and Llanberis, marking the spot where a wheel and harness from one of the carts was flung.
In April 2008 a plaque commemorating the tragedy was unveiled on the rock face opposite Y Fricsan (the village's public house); the plaque was paid for by local resident, Martin Kressman, who donated it to the local community council.
Between 1865 and 1965 an LNWR 8-mile branch railway line ran through the village from Llanberis to Caernarfon, but there are no longer any visible remains of Cwm-y-Glo railway station. The line was established by the Caernarvon and Llanberis Railway Act 1864.
- From details recorded on the plaque.
- BBC website
- Caernarfon and Denbigh Herald, 24/4/2008.