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Unfriended 2015 teaser poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Levan Gabriadze
Produced by
Written by Nelson Greaves
Cinematography Adam Sidman
Edited by Parker Laramie
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release dates
  • July 20, 2014 (2014-07-20) (Fantasia)
  • April 17, 2015 (2015-04-17) (United States)
Running time
83 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $1 million[2]
Box office $42.8 million[3]

Unfriended (originally released as Cybernatural) is a 2014 American found footage supernatural horror film directed by Russo-Georgian director Levan Gabriadze,[4][5][6] written by Nelson Greaves, and produced by Timur Bekmambetov, Jason Blum, and Greaves.

The film premiered at the Fantasia Festival on July 20, 2014, and at SXSW on March 13, 2015. It received a theatrical release on April 17, 2015. The film stars Shelley Hennig as one of several friends who find themselves terrorized online by an anonymous person.[7] A variation on the found footage genre, the entire film is set in real-time on a character's computer screen.[8] The film received mixed to positive reviews from critics and has grossed over $42 million against a budget of $1 million, becoming a huge financial success.


Set in Fresno, California, the story of Unfriended is told through a screencast of the laptop of a high school student named Blaire Lily (Shelley Hennig), one year after her childhood friend Laura Barns (Heather Sossaman) killed herself because of incessant online abuse she received from a YouTube video which depicted her intoxicated and then passed out covered in her own menstrual blood and feces, naming her "Leaky Laura". Blaire briefly watches a recording of the suicide before she is contacted over Skype by her boyfriend Mitch Roussel (Moses Jacob Storm). She indicates to him that they will lose their virginities to each other that year at prom, which leads to a racy video call that is ultimately interrupted by three of their friends: Jess Felton (Renee Olstead), Ken Smith (Jacob Wysocki), and Adam Sewell (Will Peltz), as well as an unnamed, faceless account with the screen name billie227.

Blaire notices billie227, and the team make several unsuccessful attempts to get rid of the user. Laura's Facebook account starts sending cryptic messages to the friends, but Blaire fails to report or memorialize the account to Facebook, offending "Laura" when she "unfriends" the abusive account. The friends suspect that another girl, whom they all despise, Val Rommel (Courtney Halverson), is using the accounts to prank them, so they call her up and she joins the chat. The friends' Facebook accounts are updated with compromising pictures of each other, leading to confusion as none of the friends are uploading anything. Text messages appear in the Skype chat, none of which were written by the people whose accounts posted them. Val calls 911 to report online abuse. Ken reveals that he personally did not like Laura while Blaire types out several messages to Mitch without sending them, implying that Laura may have been sexually abused by her uncle.

Soon after Val calls 911, Laura emails Blaire an Instagram picture revealing that Val commented on the abusive video, telling Laura to kill herself. Comments pour in from Instagram users, expressing their hatred for Val. Val's Skype video feed is interrupted and she reappears as a seemingly frozen image in a bathroom, sitting next to an open bottle of bleach. Concerned, Blaire calls her only for the group to see Val's phone, propelled by vibration, moving across the bottom of her screen while an unresponsive Val continues to blankly stare wide-eyed at the camera. All of the friends also comment on how the mirror set behind her in the room is evidently shattered. A loud bang is heard and the computer falls; the police arrive and the remaining friends decode the police code used to confirm her death, which is being labeled a suicide. Though not explicitly stated or seen, it is heavily implied that Val was forced to drink the bleach.

Laura begins sending photos to the group. Mitch and the others don't open theirs out of fright, but Blaire does and sees they reveal her sleeping with Adam. Having had enough, Ken manages to email Trojan horse removal software to rid everyone's computers from the malicious account. Despite threats from Laura, they apparently get her off of their Skype call. This reprieve is short lived, as Laura answers the phone when Adam calls the police, and resurfaces on Skype with a camera view that is behind a lattice in Ken's room, set looking at him from the back. When Ken finds the source of the video, he looks at it in horror and doesn't respond to his friends asking him what he is seeing before his video feed is stilled and then disconnected. Fragments of the video do come in shortly thereafter, showing him being attacked by an unseen force, then mangling his arm in a blender, before dying by breaking the blender and using the blades to slice his throat.

Laura then forces the four remaining friends to play Never Have I Ever, threatening to end the loser's life. Through this game, Laura reveals dark secrets that put the friends at odds with each other: Jess spread a rumor that Blaire had an eating disorder, Blaire got drunk and crashed Jess' mother's car, Adam bargained with Laura to trade Jess' life for his, and Mitch ratted Adam out to the cops for selling cannabis. Tension between the four ensues before a drunk Adam becomes enraged and uses the game to reveal that Blaire is no longer a virgin and in fact had slept with him behind Mitch's back; Laura uploads a video of them doing it to YouTube to prove it. Both Blaire and Adam receive messages from their printer, and refuse to reveal them. Mitch becomes furious that Blaire and Adam are apparently "sending notes" and threatens to leave his bedroom. Laura insists that if he leaves his computer he will die, and in a moment of high stress, Blaire reveals her note, which states, "If you reveal this note, Adam will die." Adam immediately dies when he is forced to shoot himself in the face as his camera reveals his note: "If you reveal this note, Blaire will die." A pop-up ad in the form of a streaming video for a live-cam porn site then appears on the screen, revealing the sexy striptease she was performing via webcam for Mitch during their racy video call earlier that night at the start of the film.

Laura insists that the game is still going on and asks whether anyone has ever defaced her grave. After Jess refuses to admit to it, Laura turns off the lights in her house, and Jess locks herself in her bathroom while Blaire goes on to Chatroulette to call for help. Blaire successfully gets someone to call the police, but Jess' video feed comes back to show Jess being thrown across the room. Seconds after, a hot hair straightener is being shoved down her throat, which eventually kills her. Laura uploads an image to Facebook of Jess with the curling iron in her throat with the caption "Looks like she finally STFU." Laura pressures Blaire and Mitch into admitting who posted the video in the first place, with Blaire admitting that it was Mitch at the last moment. Mitch dies by stabbing himself through the head with a large knife, leaving Blaire all alone.

Laura insists that Blaire confess one further thing while Blaire professes her innocence while trying to reason with her past friend by showing her the good times they used to have. Laura then uploads the full video that caused her to commit suicide to Facebook; however, in this one, Blaire turns the camera back to reveal that she was the cameraman, laughing and saying, "I got her." Blaire's Facebook account becomes flooded with hateful comments as she silently watches. Laura tells her that she wishes she could forgive her as she signs off of Skype. Suddenly, the door opens in Blaire's room while silhouetted hands close Blaire's laptop. Seconds after, just before the screen cuts to black, Laura's ghost jumps out, attacks and presumably kills Blaire, as she unleashes one final scream.



Gabriadze was attracted to the project (then titled Offline) as it focused on the theme of bullying. He noted that the nature of bullying had changed since he was in school, as the Internet allowed for bullies to continue their actions even after school hours.[9]

The film's title changed during shooting (and would also change prior to its theatrical release), as the film's crew felt that the title of Offline was "too general and not obvious" and that the then title of Cybernatural was "more to the point of what it is".[9] For wide release, the film was re-titled Unfriended. Production was 16 days total, including six 12-hour days of principal photography, three days of pick-ups and then a few more reshoots.[10]


Unfriended initially had its world premiere on July 20, 2014 at the Fantasia Festival and screened on the film festival circuit under the title of Cybernatural.[11] A generally positive film festival reception and test screenings for the film prompted Universal Pictures to pick up the film rights with the intent to give it a wide theatrical release the following year.[12][13] The film's title was changed from Cybernatural to Unfriended and the film was theatrically released on April 17, 2015.[14] The film was screened at Playlist Live on February 6, 2015[15] and premiered at SXSW on March 13, 2015.[16]


In July 2014, a teaser trailer was released with scenes from the film. The teaser shows the original title of the film which at the time was Cybernatural.[17] On January 12, 2015, the film's first official trailer with the title Unfriended was released.[18] Shortly after, on February 6, 2015, the film was screened at Playlist Live, a popular convention for internet celebrities from Vine and YouTube.[15] On March 13, 2015, the day of the film's official premiere at SXSW, scenes from the film were uploaded and a chat box appeared, where viewers could talk to Laura. Once she was finished talking, scenes appeared on the screen.[citation needed] Images were also released.[19]

On February 13, 2015, a campaign was launched with Kik Messenger, in which Kik users could have a chat conversation with Laura.[20] This made use of automated responses and pre-scripted responses, while also driving users to a dedicated microsite.[21]

On March 13, 2015, after the film's premiere at SXSW, an after-party was hosted by Blumhouse. Exclusive Never Have I Ever cards were released at SXSW later, and a "NEVER HAVE I EVER" section was set up on the film's official website. Unfriended-themed photo booths were set up as well[22] During production, official Facebook accounts were set up for the characters in the film, and, after the premiere at SXSW, people who attended were "friended" by the official Laura Barns Facebook account. There was also a Twitter account, which tweeted attendees of the after-party.[23]


Box office[edit]

As of May 11, 2015, Unfriended has grossed $32,253,730 domestically and $10,600,000 in other countries, for a worldwide gross of $42,768,020 against a budget of $1 million.[3]

In North America, the film opened simultaneously with Paul Blart: Mall Cop 2 and Monkey Kingdom on April 17, 2015, across 2,739 theaters, earning $6.8 million on its opening day.[24] In its opening weekend, Unfriended earned $15.8 million, which was higher than its $12 million range projection, and finished in third place at the box office behind Furious 7 ($29.2 million) and fellow newcomer Paul Blart: Mall Cop 2 ($23.8 million).[25] Its opening weekend is the biggest debut for an original horror movie since The Conjuring, which opened with $41.9 million in July 2013.[26]

Critical reception[edit]

Unfriended has received mixed to positive reviews from critics. Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a rating of 62% "Fresh", based on 112 reviews, with an average rating of 6/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Unfriended subverts found-footage horror clichés to deliver a surprisingly scary entry in the teen slasher genre with a technological twist."[27] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 59 out of 100, based on 30 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[28]

Reception at the Fantasia Film Festival was mostly positive.[8][29] Common praise for the film centered upon its acting and visuals,[30] and Twitch Film commented that the film was an "interesting look at modern methods of communication and the ramifications of the new normal of always-on social interaction."[31] Variety commented that while the film was "exasperating" at points, they also felt that it was clever and innovative.[32]

Dread Central also praised the film overall, but stated that they felt that the movie's one major flaw was "the fashion in which we are trafficked to each scare- through multi-screen clicking, copying, pasting and re-sizing, basically all-around multi-tasking. It can be trying to sit through and I liken it to sitting over someone's shoulder watching them web-surf... endlessly."[33] It was named Most Innovative Film at the Fantasia Film Festival and received a Special Mention for Feature Film.[34][34]

British film critic Mark Kermode gave the film a positive review, calling it a film which understands Skyping culture and cyber-bullying. He said, "Many people who've seen the trailer say, 'You're being stalked through the internet. Just log off.' The point is they can't because they're addicted." While on one hand admitting it was a "shrieky, teen-terrorized, slasher movie," on the other hand he said it was a film about how cyber-bullying only works if you cooperate with it.[35]

Horror Homeroom gave Unfriended a mixed review, arguing that while the concept of an entirely online diegesis is intriguing, its central flaw is that is "simply isn't scary", and that it is perhaps most frightening (perhaps unintentionally) in its portrait of teen amorality.[36]

In CinemaScore polls conducted during the opening weekend, cinema audiences gave Unfriended an average grade of "C", on an A+ to F scale.[37]


Blumhouse Productions has confirmed that a sequel has been greenlit.[38][39]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "UNFRIENDED (15)". British Board of Film Classification. April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2015. 
  2. ^ Pamela McClintock. "Box Office Preview: 'Paul Blart 2,' 'Unfriended' No Match for 'Furious 7'". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  3. ^ a b Unfriended at Box Office Mojo
  4. ^ Miller, Ryan. "Levan Gabriadze's Cybernatural gets a title change". JoBlo. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ Hunter, Rob. "‘Cybernatural’ Review Fantasia 2014: Because ‘Ghost in the Machine’ Was Already Taken". Film School Rejects. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  6. ^ Davis, Edward. "Fantasia Exclusive: Horror Goes Online In Trailer For 'Cybernatural' Produced By Timur Bekmambetov". IndieWire. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Cybernatural". Fantasia Festival. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Gingold, Michael. ""CYBERNATURAL" (Fantasia Movie Review)". Fangoria. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Loeffler, Shawn. "FANTASIA 2014: GENRE REDEFINED – AN INTERVIEW WITH CYBERNATURAL’S DIRECTOR, LEO GABRIADZE". Yell Magazine. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  10. ^ "The Unfriended Movie Was Filmed In A Single Take". slashfilm. 
  11. ^ Chipman, Bob. "Trailer: Unfriended is The First Social-Media Horror Movie". Escapist Magazine. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  12. ^ Miller, Ryan. "Levan Gabriadze's Cybernatural picked up by Universal". JoBlo. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  13. ^ Seddon, Gem. "First Trailer For Unfriended Plays Like A Skype Generation Slasher". We Got This Covered. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  14. ^ Orange, B. Allen. "'Unfriended Trailer': A Killer Stalks Teen Prey Online". MovieWeb. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  15. ^ a b We just saw an advanced screening of #unfriended at #PlaylistLive. It. Was. AWESOME. on Twitter.
  16. ^ "Unfriended". unfriendedmovie.com. 
  17. ^ https://vimeo.com/105121257
  18. ^ Unfriended Official Trailer MTV on YouTube
  19. ^ "Unfriended". unfriendedmovie.com. 
  20. ^ "Chat with me on Kik!". Kik. 
  21. ^ "Unfriended". unfriendedonkik.com. 
  22. ^ Have u done these things on the #NeverHaveIEver free #Unfriended card deck at @UnfriendedMovie #SXSW party? ? on Twitter.
  23. ^ #Unfriended SXSW Party...@MissLauraBarns is coming for you!!! on Twitter.
  24. ^ Pamela McClintock (April 17, 2015). "Box Office: 'Paul Blart: Mall Cop 2' Heads for $22M; 'Furious 7' Stays No. 1". The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved April 18, 2015. 
  25. ^ Brent Lang (April 19, 2015). "Box Office: ‘Furious 7′ Out Runs ‘Paul Blart 2,’ ‘Unfriended’". Variety. (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved April 19, 2015. 
  26. ^ Ray Subers (April 19, 2015). "Weekend Report: 'Furious 7' Beats 'Blart,' Passes $1.1 Billion Worldwide". Box Office Mojo. (Amazon.com). Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  27. ^ Unfriended at Rotten Tomatoes
  28. ^ Unfriended at Metacritic
  29. ^ Turek, Ryan. "Fantasia Capsule Reviews: Animosity, Closer to God, Cybernatural, Dys-". STYD. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  30. ^ Marsh, Calum. "Fantasia International Film Festival 2014: Starry Eyes and Cybernatural". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  31. ^ Gorber, Jason. "Fantasia 2014 Review: CYBERNATURAL". Twitch Film. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  32. ^ Debruge, Peter. "Film Review: ‘Cybernatural’". Variety. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  33. ^ Boiselle, Matt. "Cybernatural (review)". Dread Central. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  34. ^ a b Mack, Andrew. "Fantasia 2014: Award Winners Announced". Twitch Film. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  35. ^ Mark Kermode reviews Unfriended on YouTube
  36. ^ Elizabeth Erwin, Review of Unfriended, http://www.horrorhomeroom.com/unfriended-film-review-elizabeths-take/; Dawn Keetley, review of Unfriended, http://www.horrorhomeroom.com/unfriended-2015-film-review-dawns-take/
  37. ^ "CinemaScore". cinemascore. Retrieved April 19, 2015. 
  38. ^ Garofalo, Alex (April 28, 2015). "'Unfriended 2' In The Works; Why The Horror Sequel Got The Green Light [VIDEO]". International Business Times. Retrieved May 17, 2015. 
  39. ^ Romano, Nick. "Unfriended 2 Is Happening, Who Knows What Social Media Horrors Await". Cinema Blend. Retrieved May 17, 2015. 

External links[edit]