Cyclanthaceae

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Cyclanthaceae
Carludovica palmata starr 030807 0128.jpg
Carludovica palmata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Pandanales
Family: Cyclanthaceae
Poit. ex A.Rich.[1]
genera

See text

Cyclanthaceae is a family of flowering plants.

Classification[edit]

The APG system (1998) and the APG II system (2003) assign it to the order Pandanales in the clade monocots. Some earlier systems, such as the Cronquist system and the Takhtajan system, placed it as the sole family in the order Cyclanthales.

The family occurs in the neotropics and consists of 12 genera.

Genera

Cultivation and uses[edit]

The family is probably best known for Carludovica palmata, the young leaves of which are made into Panama hats.

An unidentified species belonging to this family (possibly a Carludovica species) has been marketed as a houseplant in the United States under the name "Jungle Drum".

Carludovica divergens is added to some versions of the hallucinogenic drink Ayahuasca.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 

General references[edit]