Cyclin-dependent kinase 4

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Cyclin-dependent kinase 4

Rendering based on PDB 1LD2.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols CDK4 ; CMM3; PSK-J3
External IDs OMIM123829 MGI88357 HomoloGene55429 ChEMBL: 331 GeneCards: CDK4 Gene
EC number 2.7.11.22
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE CDK4 202246 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 1019 12567
Ensembl ENSG00000135446 ENSMUSG00000006728
UniProt P11802 P30285
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_000075 NM_009870
RefSeq (protein) NP_000066 NP_034000
Location (UCSC) Chr 12:
58.14 – 58.15 Mb
Chr 10:
127.06 – 127.07 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 also known as cell division protein kinase 4 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CDK4 gene. CDK4 is a member of the cyclin-dependent kinase family.

Function[edit]

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Ser/Thr protein kinase family. This protein is highly similar to the gene products of S. cerevisiae cdc28 and S. pombe cdc2. It is a catalytic subunit of the protein kinase complex that is important for cell cycle G1 phase progression. The activity of this kinase is restricted to the G1-S phase, which is controlled by the regulatory subunits D-type cyclins and CDK inhibitor p16INK4a. This kinase was shown to be responsible for the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma gene product (Rb).[1]

Clinical significance[edit]

Mutations in this gene as well as in its related proteins including D-type cyclins, p16(INK4a) and Rb were all found to be associated with tumorigenesis of a variety of cancers. Multiple polyadenylation sites of this gene have been reported.[1]

It is regulated by Cyclin D.

Interactions[edit]

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 has been shown to interact with:

Overview of signal transduction pathways involved in apoptosis.


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: CDK4 cyclin-dependent kinase 4". 
  2. ^ a b c d Ewing RM, Chu P, Elisma F, Li H, Taylor P, Climie S, McBroom-Cerajewski L, Robinson MD, O'Connor L, Li M, Taylor R, Dharsee M, Ho Y, Heilbut A, Moore L, Zhang S, Ornatsky O, Bukhman YV, Ethier M, Sheng Y, Vasilescu J, Abu-Farha M, Lambert JP, Duewel HS, Stewart II, Kuehl B, Hogue K, Colwill K, Gladwish K, Muskat B, Kinach R, Adams SL, Moran MF, Morin GB, Topaloglou T, Figeys D (2007). "Large-scale mapping of human protein-protein interactions by mass spectrometry". Mol. Syst. Biol. 3 (1): 89. doi:10.1038/msb4100134. PMC 1847948. PMID 17353931. 
  3. ^ Dai K, Kobayashi R, Beach D (1996). "Physical interaction of mammalian CDC37 with CDK4". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (36): 22030–4. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.36.22030. PMID 8703009. 
  4. ^ Lamphere L, Fiore F, Xu X, Brizuela L, Keezer S, Sardet C, Draetta GF, Gyuris J (1997). "Interaction between Cdc37 and Cdk4 in human cells". Oncogene 14 (16): 1999–2004. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1201036. PMID 9150368. 
  5. ^ Stepanova L, Leng X, Parker SB, Harper JW (1996). "Mammalian p50Cdc37 is a protein kinase-targeting subunit of Hsp90 that binds and stabilizes Cdk4". Genes Dev. 10 (12): 1491–502. doi:10.1101/gad.10.12.1491. PMID 8666233. 
  6. ^ a b c Lin J, Jinno S, Okayama H (2001). "Cdk6-cyclin D3 complex evades inhibition by inhibitor proteins and uniquely controls cell's proliferation competence". Oncogene 20 (16): 2000–9. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1204375. PMID 11360184. 
  7. ^ a b Cariou S, Donovan JC, Flanagan WM, Milic A, Bhattacharya N, Slingerland JM (2000). "Down-regulation of p21WAF1/CIP1 or p27Kip1 abrogates antiestrogen-mediated cell cycle arrest in human breast cancer cells". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (16): 9042–6. doi:10.1073/pnas.160016897. PMC 16818. PMID 10908655. 
  8. ^ a b Rual JF, Venkatesan K, Hao T, Hirozane-Kishikawa T, Dricot A, Li N, Berriz GF, Gibbons FD, Dreze M, Ayivi-Guedehoussou N, Klitgord N, Simon C, Boxem M, Milstein S, Rosenberg J, Goldberg DS, Zhang LV, Wong SL, Franklin G, Li S, Albala JS, Lim J, Fraughton C, Llamosas E, Cevik S, Bex C, Lamesch P, Sikorski RS, Vandenhaute J, Zoghbi HY, Smolyar A, Bosak S, Sequerra R, Doucette-Stamm L, Cusick ME, Hill DE, Roth FP, Vidal M (2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature 437 (7062): 1173–8. doi:10.1038/nature04209. PMID 16189514. 
  9. ^ Ghavidel A, Cagney G, Emili A (2005). "A skeleton of the human protein interactome". Cell 122 (6): 830–2. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2005.09.006. 
  10. ^ Guan KL, Jenkins CW, Li Y, Nichols MA, Wu X, O'Keefe CL, Matera AG, Xiong Y (1994). "Growth suppression by p18, a p16INK4/MTS1- and p14INK4B/MTS2-related CDK6 inhibitor, correlates with wild-type pRb function". Genes Dev. 8 (24): 2939–52. doi:10.1101/gad.8.24.2939. PMID 8001816. 
  11. ^ Wang H, Iakova P, Wilde M, Welm A, Goode T, Roesler WJ, Timchenko NA (2001). "C/EBPalpha arrests cell proliferation through direct inhibition of Cdk2 and Cdk4". Mol. Cell 8 (4): 817–28. doi:10.1016/S1097-2765(01)00366-5. PMID 11684017. 
  12. ^ a b c Sugimoto M, Nakamura T, Ohtani N, Hampson L, Hampson IN, Shimamoto A, Furuichi Y, Okumura K, Niwa S, Taya Y, Hara E (1999). "Regulation of CDK4 activity by a novel CDK4-binding protein, p34(SEI-1)". Genes Dev. 13 (22): 3027–33. doi:10.1101/gad.13.22.3027. PMC 317153. PMID 10580009. 
  13. ^ a b c Nasmyth K, Hunt T (1993). "Cell cycle. Dams and sluices". Nature 366 (6456): 634–5. doi:10.1038/366634a0. 
  14. ^ Taulés M, Rius E, Talaya D, López-Girona A, Bachs O, Agell N (1998). "Calmodulin is essential for cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (Cdk4) activity and nuclear accumulation of cyclin D1-Cdk4 during G1". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (50): 33279–86. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.50.33279. PMID 9837900. 
  15. ^ a b Coleman KG, Wautlet BS, Morrissey D, Mulheron J, Sedman SA, Brinkley P, Price S, Webster KR (1997). "Identification of CDK4 sequences involved in cyclin D1 and p16 binding". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (30): 18869–74. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.30.18869. PMID 9228064. 
  16. ^ Arsenijevic T, Degraef C, Dumont JE, Roger PP, Pirson I (2004). "A novel partner for D-type cyclins: protein kinase A-anchoring protein AKAP95". Biochem. J. 378 (Pt 2): 673–9. doi:10.1042/BJ20031765. PMC 1223988. PMID 14641107. 
  17. ^ Zhang Q, Wang X, Wolgemuth DJ (1999). "Developmentally regulated expression of cyclin D3 and its potential in vivo interacting proteins during murine gametogenesis". Endocrinology 140 (6): 2790–800. doi:10.1210/en.140.6.2790. PMID 10342870. 
  18. ^ Zhang JM, Zhao X, Wei Q, Paterson BM (1999). "Direct inhibition of G(1) cdk kinase activity by MyoD promotes myoblast cell cycle withdrawal and terminal differentiation". EMBO J. 18 (24): 6983–93. doi:10.1093/emboj/18.24.6983. PMC 1171761. PMID 10601020. 
  19. ^ Zhang JM, Wei Q, Zhao X, Paterson BM (1999). "Coupling of the cell cycle and myogenesis through the cyclin D1-dependent interaction of MyoD with cdk4". EMBO J. 18 (4): 926–33. doi:10.1093/emboj/18.4.926. PMC 1171185. PMID 10022835. 
  20. ^ Fåhraeus R, Paramio JM, Ball KL, Laín S, Lane DP (1996). "Inhibition of pRb phosphorylation and cell-cycle progression by a 20-residue peptide derived from p16CDKN2/INK4A". Curr. Biol. 6 (1): 84–91. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(02)00425-6. PMID 8805225. 
  21. ^ a b Li J, Melvin WS, Tsai MD, Muscarella P (2004). "The nuclear protein p34SEI-1 regulates the kinase activity of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 in a concentration-dependent manner". Biochemistry 43 (14): 4394–9. doi:10.1021/bi035601s. PMID 15065884. 
  22. ^ Xiong Y, Zhang H, Beach D (1993). "Subunit rearrangement of the cyclin-dependent kinases is associated with cellular transformation". Genes Dev. 7 (8): 1572–83. doi:10.1101/gad.7.8.1572. PMID 8101826. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]