In cycling at the 1972 Summer Olympics, the men's individual road race was held on 7 September. A total of 76 cyclists finished the race.
Irish protesters 
Seven members of the National Cycling Association (NCA) were arrested for disrupting the event. The International Cycling Union (ICU) recognised separate national federations on either side of the Irish political border. The NCA was an Irish Republican all-Ireland body not affiliated to the ICU. Three NCA members delayed the start by distributing leaflets, and the other four joined mid-race to ambush Irish competitor Noel Taggart, causing a minor pileup.
Final classification 
- ^ a b Jaime Huélamo (ESP) was disqualified after he tested positive for coramine. Biddle was not awarded the bronze medal as he had not been tested for drugs.
Did not finish