Cycling at the Summer Olympics

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Cycling at the Summer Olympics
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Governing body UCI
Events 18 (men: 9; women: 9)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012
Medalists (men • women) • Records

Cycling has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics, at which a road race and five track events were held. Women's cycling did not enter the Olympic programme until the road race at the 1984 Summer Olympics. Women have competed in track events as well since 1988. Mountain biking (for men and women) entered the Olympic programme in 1996, followed by BMX in 2008.

The 2012 Summer Olympics were the first at which men and women competed in the same number of events in all cycling disciplines including track cycling, which previously had more men's and fewer women's events than the 2012 programme.[1]

Events[edit]

Track cycling, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Current program
Keirin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X 4
Omnium - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Pursuit, team - - - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Sprint, individual X X - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Sprint, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X 4
Past events
14 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
13 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
12 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
1 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
2 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
5 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
25 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
660 yards - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
5 kilometres - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
10 kilometres X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
20 kilometres - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
25 kilometres - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
50 kilometres - - - - - X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
100 kilometres X - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
12 hours X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Madison - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X - 3
Points race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X - 7
Pursuit, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X - 12
Tandem - - - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - 13
1 km time trial X[a] - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X - - 19
Events 5 2 7 7 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 4 4 5 5 5 5 8 8 7 5
  1. ^ The 1896 time trial was the only time the event was held over one-third of a kilometre rather than one kilometre

Track cycling, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Keirin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Omnium - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Pursuit, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Sprint, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X 7
Sprint, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Points race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X - 4
Pursuit, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X - 5
500 m time trial - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X - - 2
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 5

Road cycling, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Road race, individual X - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Road race, team - - - - X X X X X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9
Time trial, individual - - - - X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X 10
Time trial, team - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - - - 18
Events 1 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Road cycling, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Road race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X 8
Time trial - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X 5
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2

Mountain bike, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Cross country - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X 5
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1

Mountain bike, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Cross country - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X 5
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1

BMX, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X 2
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1

BMX, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X 2
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1

Medal table[edit]

As of London 2012
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  France (FRA) 41 27 22 89
2  Italy (ITA) 32 16 9 56
3  Great Britain (GBR) 26 26 23 75
4  Netherlands (NED) 16 16 11 43
5  United States (USA) 14 18 20 52
6  Australia (AUS) 14 18 17 48
7  Germany (GER) 13 14 15 41
8  Soviet Union (URS) 11 4 9 24
9  Denmark (DEN) 7 8 8 23
10  Belgium (BEL) 6 8 10 24
11  East Germany (GDR) 6 6 4 16
12  Spain (ESP) 5 5 4 14
13  Russia (RUS) 5 3 8 16
14  West Germany (FRG) 4 5 5 14
15  Switzerland (SUI) 3 8 6 16
16  Sweden (SWE) 3 4 8 15
17  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 2 2 2 6
18  Norway (NOR) 2 0 2 4
19  Latvia (LAT) 2 0 1 3
20  Canada (CAN) 1 5 6 12
21  South Africa (RSA) 1 4 3 8
22  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 1 4 2 7
23  Greece (GRE) 1 3 0 4
24  New Zealand (NZL) 1 2 4 7
25  Colombia (COL) 1 1 2 4
26  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 1 0 2
27  Austria (AUT) 1 0 2 3
28  Argentina (ARG) 1 0 0 1
 Czech Republic (CZE) 1 0 0 1
 Estonia (EST) 1 0 0 1
31  Poland (POL) 0 6 3 9
32  China (CHN) 0 3 3 6
33  Japan (JPN) 0 1 3 4
34  Ukraine (UKR) 0 1 2 3
35  Mexico (MEX) 0 1 1 2
36  Cuba (CUB) 0 1 0 1
 Portugal (POR) 0 1 0 1
 Uruguay (URU) 0 1 0 1
40  Belarus (BLR) 0 0 1 1
 Hong Kong (HKG) 0 0 1 1
 Jamaica (JAM) 0 0 1 1
 Lithuania (LTU) 0 0 1 1
Total 223 223 219 666

Medalists[edit]

Cyclists who have won 6 or more Olympic medals. Correct as of 7 August, 2012

# Cyclist Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Hoy, ChrisChris Hoy  Great Britain (GBR) 6 1 0 7
2 Wiggins, BradleyBradley Wiggins  Great Britain (GBR) 4 1 2 7
3 Van Moorsel, LeontienLeontien Van Moorsel  Netherlands (NED) 4 1 1 6
4 Downing, BurtonBurton Downing  United States (USA) 2 3 1 6

Nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
 Albania (ALB) 1 1 2
 Algeria (ALG) 1 1 2
 Argentina (ARG) 5 5 4 3
 Australia (AUS) - - - - - 2 4 2 28 22 5
 Austria (AUT) 1 - - - 6 - 2 6 4 5
 Belarus (BLR) 5 9 2
 Belgium (BEL) - 1 - 6 1 15 9 8 11 16 8
 Bohemia (BOH) - 1 - - 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
 Bulgaria (BUL) 7 2 2 3
 Canada (CAN) - - - 5 2 5 1 7 - 15 14 7
 Chile (CHI) - - - - 4 3 5 5 3 5
 China (CHN) 12 12 24
 Chinese Taipei (TPE) 1 2
 Colombia (COL) 13 16 2
 Costa Rica (CRC) 2 3
 Croatia (CRO) 3 5 |
 Cuba (CUB) 4 8
 Czech Republic (CZE) 12 22
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) - - - - - 4 8 4
 Denmark (DEN) - - - - 8 6 6 5 15 11 40
 Ecuador (ECU) 1 2 | 3
 Egypt (EGY) 3
 El Salvador (ESA) 2 1 | 3
 Estonia (EST) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 7 5 6 4 5 2 2
 Finland (FIN) - - - - 5 - 4 1 21 2
 France (FRA) 2 59 - 23 12 13 11 8 28 24 25
 Germany (GER) 5 3 - 9 11 - 10 - - - - - - - - - - - 20 12 25
 Great Britain (GBR) 2 - - 36 26 13 12 12 25 24 24
 Greece (GRE) 9 - - 1 - - 4 4 22
 Guam (GUM) - - - - - - - -
 Hong Kong (HKG) 4 5 |
 Hungary (HUN) - - - - 5 - 4 - - 5 3 21
 Iran (IRI) 3
 Ireland (IRL) 2 4
 Israel (ISR) - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Italy (ITA) - 7 - 4 - 12 10 12 15 13 23
 Jamaica (JAM) 1 - |
 Japan (JPN) - - - - - - - - - - - - 14 8 14
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 3 2 |
 Latvia (LAT) - - - - - - 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 2 5 5 6
 Libya (LBA) 1 - |
 Liechtenstein (LIE) 1 2 1 1 3 2 6 -
 Lithuania (LTU) 2 4 5 13 8 11 8 4 7
 Luxembourg (LUX) - - - - - 1 5 4 3 2
 Malaysia (MAS) 3 4 |
 Mauritius (MRI) 1 1 |
 Mexico (MEX) 2 2 |
 Moldova (MDA) 1 1 |
 Namibia (NAM) 2 2 |
 Netherlands (NED) - - - 5 - 10 10 11 27 22 27
 Norway (NOR) - - - - 6 4 4 8 6 21
 New Zealand (NZL) - - - - - - 17 20 23
 Poland (POL) 8 11 11 12
 Portugal (POR) 2 4 |
 Russia (RUS) - - - - 10 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 6 17
 Serbia (SRB) 2 1 2
 Slovakia (SVK) 4 2 |
 Slovenia (SLO) 6 6 |
 South Africa (RSA) - - - 4 1 5 1 1 - - - - - - - 8 16 9
 South Korea (KOR) 4 10 |
 Spain (ESP) 1 19 16 |
 Sweden (SWE) - - - 2 12 4 4 4 8 5 23
 Switzerland (SUI) 9 9 14 11
 Thailand (THA) 8 7 7 6 1 5
 Tunisia (TUN) 1 - |
 Turkey (TUR) 4 1 3 |
 Ukraine (UKR) 16 9 |
 United States (USA) - 1 18 2 9 9 5 4 - 24 22 24
 Uruguay (URU) 1 1 |
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 1 2 |
 Venezuela (VEN) 4 12 |
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 4 4
 Zimbabwe (ZIM) 1 - |
No. of nations 5 6 1 11 16 14 24 27 66
No. of cyclists 19 72 18 97 123 103 139 149 508

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]