Cycling at the Summer Paralympics

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Cycling at the Summer Paralympics
Cycling (road) pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Governing body IPC
Events 44 (men: 30; women: 12; mixed: 2)
Games
1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980
1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004
2008 2012 2016
Medalists

Cycling has been contested at every Summer Paralympic Games since the 1984 Summer Paralympics.

Classification[edit]

Cyclists with visual impairments are paired with a sighted pilot. Here Scott McPhee pilots to Kieran Modra's stocker.

Cyclists are given a classification depending on the type and extent of their disability. The classification system allows cyclists to compete against others with a similar level of function.[1]

At the 2008 Summer Paralympics and earlier, classes were:

At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, a functional para-cycling classification system was used.

  • B: Cyclists with a vision impairment, using a tandem bicycle
  • T 1–2: Cyclists with cerebral palsy, MS or similar neuro-motor impairment, using a tricycle
  • C 1–5: Cyclists with amputations, neuromotor or musculoskeletal impairment, using a bicycle
  • H 1–4: Cyclists using a handcycle

Factoring[edit]

In some cycling events, cyclists with different classifications compete against each other for one set of medals. Many (but not all) such events are factored, reducing the times of riders in lower classifications to take their greater impairment into account. Factoring percentages are based on average race times by riders in each classification.[2]

At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, factored races included the mixed tricycle time trial, Women's C1–3 road time trial,[3] Women's H1–2 road time trial and track C1–3 and C4–5 events.

Events[edit]

Track cycling, Men[edit]

1984, 1988, 1992
  • no track events
1996
  • 200 m sprint tandem open
  • time trial tandem open
  • individual pursuit tandem open
  • mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2000
  • 1 km time trial tandem open
  • individual pursuit tandem open
  • sprint tandem open
  • mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2004
  • Men's 1 km time trial
    • CP 3/4
    • LC 1-4
    • B 1-3 (tandem)
  • Men's 3 km individual pursuit
    • CP 3
    • CP 4
    • LC 3
    • LC 4
  • Men's 4 km individual pursuit
    • LC 1
    • LC 2
    • B 1-3 (tandem)
  • Men's tandem sprint
    • B 1-3
  • Men's bicycle team sprint
    • LC 1-4&CP 3/4
2008
2012

Track cycling, Women[edit]

1996
  • Women's tandem time trial
  • Women's tandem individual pursuit
  • Mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2000
  • Women's tandem time trial
  • Women's tandem individual pursuit
  • Mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2004
2008
2012

Road cycling[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cycling, Canadian Paralympic Committee
  2. ^ "Paralympics: Cyclist wins GB's first medal". Channel 4. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Cycling - Road". Australian Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 13 February 2013.