Cyclone (Revere Beach)

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Cyclone
Revere Beach Cyclone Postcard Crop.JPG
Postcard illustrating the Cyclone roller coaster at Revere Beach
Revere Beach
Status Closed
Opening date 1925
Closing date 1969
Cost $125,000
General statistics
Type Wood
Manufacturer Traver Engineering
Designer Fredrick Church
Height 100 ft (30 m)
Length 3,600 ft (1,100 m)
Speed 45 mph (72 km/h)
Inversions 0
Capacity 1400 riders per hour
Cyclone at RCDB
Pictures of Cyclone at RCDB

The Cyclone was a wooden roller coaster that operated at Revere Beach in Revere, Massachusetts from 1925 until 1969.[1] When Cyclone was constructed, it was the tallest roller coaster ever built,[2] as well as being the first roller coaster in the world to reach 100 feet (30 m) in height.[3] In addition to being the tallest roller coaster of its day, some also claim that it was the largest and fastest roller coaster in the world,[2][4] with a length of 3,600 feet (1,100 m) and top speeds between 45 and 50 mph[4] (some dispute the speed record claim and instead award that honor to the Giant Dipper[5]). Cyclone held the title of world's tallest roller coaster until 1964 when it was surpassed by Montaña Rusa at La Feria Chapultepec Mágico in Mexico City, Mexico.[6]

Given its location near the Atlantic Ocean, Cyclone would take much damage throughout the years from ocean storms, flooding, and blizzards.[7] Despite the abuse the coaster took from the ocean, however, it was a fire that eventually destroyed the Cyclone.[8] When the Cyclone burned down in 1969, it was an event that signaled the demise of the Revere Beach amusement industry.[7] The coaster's charred ruins were finally torn down in 1974.[1]

As with Coney Island in Brooklyn, New York, Revere Beach's attractions were owned by a variety of amusement operators, with the Cyclone being owned by the Shayeb family.[2] In its heyday, Cyclone was a popular ride, regularly transporting as many as 1,400 riders per hour—a rate which was quickly able to recoup the 125,000 dollar cost of the coaster.[9]

Design and construction[edit]

Cyclone was constructed by the notable roller coaster builder and pioneer Harry Traver of Traver Engineering and designed by Fredrick Church.[1] Cyclone was one of two roller coasters that Traver built at Revere Beach, the other one being the Lightning. Lightning was part of a model line known as "Giant Cyclone Safety Coasters". These coasters were steel-framed coasters, which, ironically enough, had a particularly poor safety record.[10] Because Cyclone predated Lightning at Revere Beach, Lightning was the only Cyclone Safety Coaster to not share the Cyclone name of its sister coasters.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c RCDB listing for Cyclone
  2. ^ a b c Craig, William J.; Revere Society for Cultural and Historic Preservation (2004). Revere. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3671-7. 
  3. ^ RCDB list of roller coasters by height
  4. ^ a b Revere Beach historical site
  5. ^ RCDB listing for Giant Dipper
  6. ^ RCDB listing for Montaña Rusa
  7. ^ a b Schmidt, Leah A. (2002). Revere Beach. Arcadia Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 0-7385-1030-0. 
  8. ^ Robertson, Kitty Crockett (2008). Measuring Time - By an Hourglass. Dog Ear Publishing. ISBN 1-59858-682-3. 
  9. ^ Francis, David W.; Francis, Diane DeMali (2003). The Golden Age of Roller Coasters. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-2338-0. 
  10. ^ Rutherford, Scott (2004). The American Roller Coaster. MBI Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7603-1929-4. 
Preceded by
Giant Coaster
World's Tallest Roller Coaster
1925 - 1964
Succeeded by
Montaña Rusa
Preceded by
Giant Coaster
World's Tallest Complete Circuit Roller Coaster
1925 - 1964
Succeeded by
Montaña Rusa