Cyclone Arthur (2007)

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This article is about the 2007 South Pacific cyclone. For other storms of the same name, see Tropical Storm Arthur.
Tropical Cyclone Arthur
Category 2 tropical cyclone (Aus scale)
Category 1 (Saffir–Simpson scale)
Cyclone Arthur of 2007.JPG
Tropical Cyclone Arthur near peak intensity
Formed January 21, 2007 (2007-01-21)
Dissipated January 27, 2007 (2007-01-28)
Highest winds 10-minute sustained: 110 km/h (70 mph)
1-minute sustained: 120 km/h (75 mph)
Lowest pressure 975 mbar (hPa); 28.79 inHg
Fatalities None reported
Damage Minimal
Areas affected Cook Islands and French Polynesia
Part of the 2006–07 South Pacific cyclone season

Cyclone Arthur (RSMC Nadi designation: 08F, JTWC designation: 09P) was the eighth tropical depression and fourth tropical cyclone of the 2006–07 South Pacific cyclone season. Forming as tropical depression on January 25, Arthur rapidly intensified into a strong Category 2 cyclone on the Australian intensity scale according to the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in Nadi, Fiji. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center assessed the storm to have peaked as a minimal Category 1 cyclone. Shortly after peaking in intensity, the cyclone began to deteriorate due to unfavorable conditions. Quickly moving towards the east-southeast, the Arthur began to undergo an extratropical transition. After turning towards the southeast, the center of circulation was almost fully exposed due to strong wind shear. However, Arthur briefly re-strengthened late on January 26 before becoming extratropical the next day. Tropical Cyclone Arthur affected several small islands during its existence. French Polynesia observed the most noteworthy effects from the storm, where several landslides damaged a few homes.

Meteorological history[edit]

Map plotting the track and intensity of the storm according to the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale

On January 21, 2007,[1] the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in Nadi, Fiji identified a tropical depression,[2] which was given the number 08F,[1] about 435 km (270 mi) west-northwest of Savai'i island in Samoa.[3] The depression slowly traveled towards the east-southeast for several days as the overall structure of the storm fluctuated due to diurnal variations and strong wind shear.[1] Around 1700 UTC on January 22, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert for the depression. The system developed a large banding feature in the northern portion of the circulation and deep convection formed around the center of circulation. The depression had moved into an area of weak to moderate wind shear with favorable diffulence aloft.[4] Later that day, gale warnings were issued for the northeastern quadrant of the system.[1] Tropical Depression 08F continued to develop as an anticyclone developed above the system, enhancing the environment around it. A mid-latitude trough located north of the depression was steering it towards the east.[5]

Early on January 24, the system became better organized and strengthened into a cyclone at 0600 UTC.[1] The storm, which was named Arthur by the RSMC Nadi, began to undergo rapid intensification as the structure improved significantly. Deep convection developed around the center with strong outflow towards the north. Several hours after becoming a cyclone, the JTWC issued their first advisory on Tropical Cyclone 09P as it traveled quickly towards the east-southeast. The quick movement was due to the influences of subtropical ridge to the north and a trough to the south.[6] Later that day, a banding eye feature began to develop as the storm intensified into a Category 2 cyclone on the Australian intensity scale.[7] At 1800 UTC, the JTWC assessed Arthur to have reached its peak intensity with winds of 120 km/h (75 mph 1-minute winds), the equivalent of a minimal Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale.[8] Early on January 25, Arthur reached its peak intensity with winds of 110 km/h (70 mph 10-minute winds) with a minimum pressure of 975 hPa (mbar) while located about 635 km (350 mi) north-northwest of Rarotonga.[1] Shortly after peaking in intensity, Arthur began to undergo an extratropical transition and rapidly deteriorated[9] due to strong wind shear.[1]

Tropical Cyclone Arthur on January 26

The storm also began to merge with a low-level frontal boundary associated with the remnants of Tropical Cyclone Zita.[9] The strong shear left the center of circulation partially exposed, with deep convection persisting in only the southeastern quadrant.[10] In addition to the shear, dry air began to enter the system, causing it to weaken further.[11] While continuing to move at a quick pace, the storm began to turn towards the southeast along a baroclinic zone. Early on January 26, the JTWC issued their final advisory on the cyclone as it lost most of its tropical characteristics.[12] Arthur re-intensified shortly after[13] and the JTWC reissued advisories on the storm around 2100 UTC. The brief re-strengthening was the result of a breakdown in the baroclinic zone which allowed convection to redevelop around the center.[14] Around the same time, Arthur left RSMC Nadi's area of responsibility (AoR) and entered the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre Wellington's AoR. The storm completed its extratropical transition around 1200 UTC on January 27, leading to the final advisory being issued on the storm.[1]

Preparations and impact[edit]

On January 21, a gale watch was issued for Tutuila, American Samoa, Manu'a, and Swains Island as Tropical Depression 08F approached the islands. Winds of up to 55 km/h (35 mph), with gusts up to 75 km/h (45 mph), were expected.[2] Small craft advisories were issued for the Cook Islands due to large swells produced by the storm.[15] All of the watches were cancelled late on January 23 as the depression was no longer forecast to impact the islands.[16] On January 24, an Orange Alert was issued for the Austral Islands. As the storm neared the region, the alert was upgraded to a Red Alert for Rurutu and Tubuai.[17] Arthur produced minor damages in the Cook Islands—primarily consisting of beach erosion—on January 24.[1][15] Heavy rains throughout French Polynesia resulted in several landslides which damaged several homes on Tahiti and Moorea.[3] Waves near the islands ranged from 1.5 to 2 m (4.9 to 6.5 ft).[18] Winds in Tubuai reached 85 km/h (50 mph 10-minute winds) with gusts up to 115 km/h (71 mph). Several homes were damaged and roads were blocked by fallen trees throughout the island.[17] Minor coastal flooding also occurred due to the large swells.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i RA V Tropical Cyclone Committee (July 17, 2008). "Final Report for the South Pacific and South-East Indian Ocean" (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "TCWC Advisories for January 22, 2007 at 00Z". Unisys Corporation. January 22, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Gary Padgett (March 28, 2007). "Monthly Tropical Weather Summary for January 2007". Typhoon 2000. Retrieved February 21, 2007. 
  4. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 22, 2007 at 12Z". Unisys Corporation. January 22, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  5. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 22, 2007 at 18Z". Unisys Corporation. January 22, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  6. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 24, 2007 at 12Z". Unisys Corporation. January 24, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  7. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 24, 2007 at 18Z". Unisys Corporation. January 24, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  8. ^ "JTWC Best Track for Tropical Cyclone 09P (Arthur)". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. 2008. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "TCWC Advisories for January 25, 2007 at 00Z". Unisys Corporation. January 25, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  10. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 25, 2007 at 06Z". Unisys Corporation. January 25, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  11. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 25, 2007 at 12Z". Unisys Corporation. January 25, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  12. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 26, 2007 at 00Z". Unisys Corporation. January 26, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  13. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 26, 2007 at 06Z". Unisys Corporation. January 26, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  14. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 27, 2007 at 00Z". Unisys Corporation. January 27, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  15. ^ a b Kevin Vang (January 26, 2007). "Cyclone Arthur passing between Southern Cooks and Western French Polynesia". Asia-Pacific Disaster Alerts. Archived from the original on August 30, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  16. ^ "TCWC Advisories for January 23, 2007 at 18Z". Unisys Corporation. January 23, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  17. ^ a b French Polynesia (July 17, 2008). "Review of the 2006/2007 and 2007/2008 Tropical Cyclone Seasons". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  18. ^ Kevin Vang (January 25, 2007). "Cyclone Arthur forms near Southern Cooks as Cyclone Zita exits French Polynesia". Asia-Pacific Disaster Alerts. Archived from the original on August 13, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  19. ^ Ashmita Gosai and Stuart Burgess (June 2007). "The Island Climate Update" (PDF). National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research. Retrieved February 21, 2009.