Cymbopogon martinii

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palmarosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Cymbopogon
Species: C. martinii
Binomial name
Cymbopogon martinii
(Roxb.) Wats.
Synonyms[1]

Cymbopogon martinii is a species of grass in the lemon grass genus native to India and Indochina but widely cultivated in many places for its aromatic oil. It is best known by the common name palmarosa. Other common names include Indian geranium, gingergrass and rosha or rosha grass.


Uses[edit]

The essential oil of this plant, which contains the active compound geraniol, is valued for its scent and for a number of traditional medicinal and household uses. Palmarosa oil has been shown to be an effective insect repellent when applied to stored grain and beans,[3] an antihelmintic against nematodes,[4] and an antifungal and mosquito repellent.[5]

Palmarosa oil, which has a scent similar to roses, is added to soaps and cosmetics.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Familes
  2. ^ The International Plant Names Index
  3. ^ Kumar, R.; Srivastava, M.; Dubey, N. K. (2007). "Evaluation of Cymbopogon martinii oil extract for control of postharvest insect deterioration in cereals and legumes". Journal of Food Protection 70 (1): 172–78. 
  4. ^ Kumaran, A. M.; D'souza, P; Agarwal, A; Bokkolla, RM; Balasubramaniam, M et al. (2003). "Geraniol, the putative anthelmintic principle of Cymbopogon martinii". Phytotherapy Research 17 (8): 957. doi:10.1002/ptr.1267. PMID 13680833. 
  5. ^ a b Duke, J. A. and J. duCellier. (1993). CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 214.

External links[edit]