Delius worked on the piece in 1907 as part of his score for Songs of Sunset, but abandoned this setting as he felt it did not fit with the other poems by Dowson. He left it incomplete. The sketches were rediscovered in 1929 by Delius's assistant, Eric Fenby (the composer Philip Heseltine, otherwise Peter Warlock, also claimed credit for the discovery). Delius dictated to Fenby a setting of the final four lines, and the completed score was sent to Heseltine who was assisting Sir Thomas Beecham in the organisation of a Delius Festival to be held in London during October 1929.
There are several available recordings of the work.
- Fenby, Eric (1981). Delius as I Knew Him. London: Faber and Faber. pp. pp. 68–70. ISBN 0-571-11836-4.
- Smith, Barry (1994). Peter Warlock: The Life of Philip Heseltine. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. p. 262. ISBN 0-19-816310-X.
- Beecham, Thomas (1975). Frederick Delius. Sutton, Surrey: Severn House. pp. p. 203. ISBN 0-7278-0099-X.
- "Delius: Cynara". Presto Classical. Retrieved 10 October 2012.