Cynopolis (Greek for "city of the dog") was the name for two ancient Egyptian cities.
Cynopolis, the Greek name for the ancient Egyptian town Hardai  in the seventeenth nome of Upper Egypt, it was home to the cult of Anubis. A burial ground for dogs is found on the opposite Nile bank near Hamatha. Rivalries between neighbouring cities are reported: according to Plutarch (De Iside, 72) when an inhabitant of Cynopolis ate an Oxyrhynchos fish the people of Oxyrhynchos started attacking dogs in revenge which resulted in a little civil war.
There was a second Cynopolis, referred to as Cynopolis Inferior or Cynum, which was located in the Busirite nome in the Nile delta, modern Meniet ebn Kasib. Both Cynopolis superior and Cynopolis inferior were bishoprics in Christian times.
References and footnotes
- Room, op.cit., p.102
- Edwards et al.,op.cit., p.631
- Helck, op.cit., p.113
- Sayce et al., op.cit., p.77
- Lane, op.cit., p.31
- Lane, op.cit., p.27
- Lane, op.cit., p.248
- Edwards, op.cit., p.631
- Wiltsch, op.cit., p.184
- Bingham, op.cit., p.356
- Müller, op.cit., p.786
- Hardouin, op.cit., p.464
- Wiltsch, op.cit., pp.184f.
- Adrian Room, Placenames Of The World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features and Historic Sites, McFarland & Company 2006
- I. E. S. Edwards et al. The Cambridge ancient history, Cambridge University Press
- Michael Rice, Swifter Than the Arrow: The Golden Hunting Hounds of Ancient Egypt, I.B.Tauris 2000
- Wolfgang Helck, Die altägyptischen Gaue, L. Reichert 1974
- Edward William Lane, Description of Egypt: Notes and Views in Egypt and Nubia, American Univ. in Cairo Press 2000, ISBN 977-424-525-3. The text was written in the 1830s.
- Archibald Henry Sayce, Gaston Maspero, M. L. McClure, L. W. King, H. R. Hall, History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, The Grolier Society 1904
- Joseph Bingham, The Antiquities of the Christian Church Part 1, Kessinger Publishing 2005
- Jean Hardouin, Ange Augustin Thomas Pihan Delaforest eds., Historiae naturalis libri XXXVII By the Elder Pliny, N.E. Lemaire 1828
- Karl Otfried Müller, Strabonis Geographicorum tabulae XV by Strabo, Editore Ambrosio Firmin
- Johann Elieser Theodor Wiltsch, Handbuch der kirchlichen Geographie Statistik von den Zeiten der Apostel bis zu dem Anfange des sechszehnten Jahrhunderts
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