Cyperus scariosus

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Cyperus scariosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Cyperus
Species: C. scariosus
Binomial name
Cyperus scariosus
R.Br.

Cyperus scariosus, also known in English as cypriol and in Hindi as Nagarmotha, is a plant of the Cyperaceae family, that grows wild in the Madhya Pradesh region of India.

Uses[edit]

It is highly prized in India for its roots and is used in aromatherapy, as a perfume and for many other purposes.

Biological effects[edit]

A number of potential pharmacological effects have been studied in animals, but its effects in humans are unknown. The methanol extract of C. scariosus leaves has shown pain relieving effects and has reduced the elevated blood glucose levels of hyperglycemic mice.[1] Aqueous-methanolic extract of Cyperus scariosus showed hepatoprotective properties in mice.[2] An oil isolated from Cyperus scariosus showed anti-inflammatory activity[3] C. scariosus causes immunosuppression by inhibiting Th1 cytokines in mice.[4]

Chemical constituents[edit]

Steam distillation of the tubers of cypriol yields 0.075–0.080% of an essential oil, the principal content of which is cyperine.

Etymology[edit]

  • Latin name: Cyperus scariosus
  • English name: Umbrella Sedge
  • Sanskrit name: Nagaramustaka, Bhadramusta
  • Hindi name: Nagarmotha

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alam, M. A.; Jahan, R.; Rahman, S.; Das, A. K.; Rahmatullah, M. (January 2011). "Antinociceptive and anti-hyperglycemic activity of methanol leaf extract of Cyperus scariosus". Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 24 (1): 53–56. PMID 21190919. 
  2. ^ Gilani, K. H.; Janbaz. "Studies on protective effect of Cyperus scariosus extract on acetaminophen and CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity". General Pharmacology: The Vascular System 26 (3): 627–631, issue=1995 May. doi:10.1016/0306-3623(94)00200-7. 
  3. ^ Gupta, S. K.; Sharma, R. C.; Aggarwal, O. P.; Arora, R. B. (January 1972). "Anti-inflammatory activity of the oil isolated from Cyperus scariosus (R. Br.)". Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 10 (1): 41–42. PMID 4638006. 
  4. ^ Bhagwat, D.; Kharya, M. D.; Bani, S.; Pandey, A.; Chauhan, P. S.; Kour, K.; Suri, K. A.; Satti, N. K.; Dutt, P. (2009). "Cyperus scariosus chloroform fraction inhibits T cell responses in Balb/C mice". Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 8 (5): 399–408. doi:10.4314/tjpr.v8i5.48083.