Cypher Query Language
Cypher is a declarative graph query language for the graph database, Neo4j that allows for expressive and efficient querying and updating of the graph store. Cypher is a relatively simple but still very powerful language. Very complicated database queries can easily be expressed through Cypher. This allows you to focus on your domain instead of getting lost in database access.
Cypher contains a variety of clauses, some of the most common of which include MATCH and WHERE. These function slightly differently than in SQL. MATCH is used for filtering results based on relationships, and WHERE is used to filter results based on properties. For example:
START x = node(123) MATCH x-[r?:RELATED_CONTENT]->content WHERE content.source='user' RETURN content
Cypher additionally contains clauses for writing, updating, and deleting data. CREATE and DELETE are used to create and delete nodes and relationships. SET and REMOVE are used to set values to properties and add labels on nodes. It should be noted that nodes can only be deleted when they have no other relationships still existing. For example:
START x = node(123) MATCH x-[r?:RELATED_CONTENT]->content WHERE content.source='user' WITH content MATCH content-[r1?]-() DELETE r1, content