Cypriot First Division

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Cypriot First Division
Cyprus FA Logo.png
Country Cyprus
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1934; 80 years ago (1934)
Number of teams 14
Levels on pyramid 1
Relegation to Cypriot B1 Division
Domestic cup(s) Cypriot Cup
LTV Super Cup
International cup(s) Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions APOEL (22nd title)
(2012–13)
Most championships APOEL (22 titles)
TV partners Lumiere TV
CytaVision
PrimeTel
Website CFA
2013–14 Cypriot First Division

The Cypriot First Division championship (Greek: Πρωτάθλημα Α' Κατηγορίας) is the top tier football league competition in Cyprus, run by the Cyprus Football Association.

Format[edit]

At present, 14 clubs compete in the league. Each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, which makes a total of 26 games for each club. Since 2007–08 season the league has a second round. From 2007–08 until 2012–13 season, in the second round the first 12 teams were separated into three groups of four teams according to their position at the end of the first round. For the 2013–14 season, in the second round the first 12 teams are separated into two groups of six teams according to their position at the end of the first round. The last two teams are relegated directly to the B1 Division and the bottom two teams of the relegation group also. The points from the first round are carried to the second round and the teams play the other teams twice.

Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. The rule for three points for a win has been applied since 1992, before then two points were awarded for a win. Teams are ranked by total points, the matches between the teams, then goal difference and then goals scored. If teams are still equal they are deemed to occupy the same position. If the champions, teams for relegation or qualification for other competitions thus cannot be decided, a series of play-off match(es) are played between the affected teams, although this has yet to occur. Since the establishment of the league and until 2005–06, goal difference had the biggest ranking after total points. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned as champions. The three lowest placed teams are relegated into the Cypriot Second Division and the top three teams from the 2nd Division promoted in their place.

The league champions are entitled to entrance in the UEFA Champions League in the third qualifying round. The winner of the Cypriot Cup automatically enters the UEFA Europa League play-off round. The runner-up and third placed team in the league enters the UEFA Europa League on the second qualifying round. If the cup winners are also league champions, then the losing cup finalists are granted a UEFA Europa League berth. If the cup winners qualify for Europe by their league position, then the fourth-placed team in the league qualifies for the UEFA Europa League second qualifying round.

The First Division has had 14 teams since the 1989–90 season, apart from the 1994–95 season when the league was reduced temporarily to 13 teams. For some years there has been discussion about reducing the number of teams in the first division. This is partly driven by some of the mid-table clubs not being involved for much of the season in either the Championship or qualification for Europe, or relegation.

History[edit]

Football was introduced to Cyprus early in the 20th century by the British. Initially played in the island's schools, it proved hugely popular and a number of clubs were duly formed.

Since 1911, when Anorthosis Famagusta FC was founded, many clubs were established and in 1932 the Cypriot Championship began annually at first unofficially. Every season, the championship was organized by a different football club which caused some conflicts between some of the teams.

As football became more established, the clubs were united in agreeing that an official body was needed to regulate the sport. And in September 1934, the Cyprus Football Association (CFA) was formed and the Cypriot Championship and Cup began to take place annually. The first Champions of Cyprus were Trast AC in 1935 but the club folded three years later. The 1930s were dominated by APOEL, who won five championship in a row until 1940. Like other Championships in the World, the Cypriot Championship was interrupted, due to World War II from 1941 until 1945.

World War II was followed by the Greek Civil War, which caused a lot of fanaticism between Greeks. Since the majority of the island are Greek Cypriots, it had a lot of influence in their society too, including sport. In 1948, some clubs were involved in politics and criticized the left-wing as responsible for the War. Several footballers from those clubs criticized their club but that followed the expulsion of those players from their teams. Those players then went on to help establish new clubs with their own Association and their own football competitions. Until 1953 there were two separate football Championships in Cyprus and two different Associations. However, in 1953, the two Associations unified Cypriot football, and the teams which were established in 1948 under the separate association, were allowed to become members of the CFA. Only AC Omonia was accepted into the First Division. And due to the addition of more clubs that season, relegation and promotion began in Cypriot football.

The Cypriot Championship unification, lasted for only two seasons. In 1955, Çetinkaya Türk S.K., who had been the only Turkish Cypriot team playing in the Cypriot First Division since 1934–35, withdrew from the Championship and with other Turkish Cypriot teams, established the Cyprus Turkish Football Federation, with its own competitions. The reason behind this was political, as the Turkish Cypriot leadership were supporting the partition of the island. However, this Federation was never recognized and no team of that federation could play in international competitions.

The independence of Cyprus in 1960, was followed by full membership for the Cyprus Football Association to UEFA in 1962. From 1963, the champions of the Cyprus, could compete in the European Champions Cup and the Cup winners in the European Cup Winners Cup. Since 1971, the runners up in the Greek Cypriot First Division can compete in the UEFA Cup. From 1967 until 1974, the Greek Cypriot Champions were promoted to the Greek First National Division. Greek Cypriot teams were relegated every season from the Alpha Ethniki, apart from 1974, when APOEL managed to remain in the Greek Championship which meant that Cyprus would have two teams in Alpha Ethniki. However, due to the Turkish invasion of Cyprus that year, APOEL and AC Omonoia (the champion of Cyprus for 1974) withdrew from the League.

The Greek Cypriot championship was abandoned in the 1963–64 season due to the bicommunal conflicts between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots.

AC Omonia dominated the Greek Cypriot Championship in the 1970s and 1980s, winning 12 championship in 13 seasons. In 1976, Omonia player Sotiris Kaiafas was the top scorer not only in Cyprus but also in Europe with 39 goals winning the European Golden Boot. Anorthosis Famagusta dominated Cyprus football between 1995 and 2000, losing the championship during those years only once in 1996.

The last 10 years (2002–present), APOEL had been the most successful club by winning almost one championship every two years, counting 6 championship titles in total.

2013–14 season[edit]

2013–14 Clubs[edit]

Club Location 2012–13 season
AEK Kouklia Paphos 2D 2nd
AEK Larnaca Larnaca 4th
AEL Limassol Limassol 5th
Alki Larnaca Larnaca 10th
Anorthosis Larnaca 2nd
APOEL Nicosia 1st
Apollon Limassol Limassol 6th
Aris Limassol Limassol 2D 1st
Doxa Katokopias Katokopia 7th
Enosis Neon Paralimni Paralimni 8th
Ermis Aradippou Larnaca 2D 3rd
Ethnikos Achna Achna 9th
Nea Salamina Larnaca 11th
Omonia Nicosia 3rd

Champions[edit]

  • 1934–2007 : Pancypriot Championship
  • 2007–2012 : Marfin Laiki League
  • 2012  : Laiki Bank League
  • 2012–  : First Division Championship
Season Winner
1934–35 Trast AC
1935–36 APOEL
1936–37 APOEL
1937–38 APOEL
1938–39 APOEL
1939–40 APOEL
1940–41 AEL Limassol
1941–44 League suspended due to World War II
1944–45 EPA Larnaca
1945–46 EPA Larnaca
1946–47 APOEL
1947–48 APOEL
1948–49 APOEL
1949–50 Anorthosis Famagusta
1950–51 Çetinkaya Türk
1951–52 APOEL
1952–53 AEL Limassol
1953–54 Pezoporikos Larnaca
1954–55 AEL Limassol
1955–56 AEL Limassol
1956–57 Anorthosis Famagusta
1957–58 Anorthosis Famagusta
1958–59 not held
1959–60 Anorthosis Famagusta
1960–61 Omonia
1961–62 Anorthosis Famagusta
1962–63 Anorthosis Famagusta
1963–64 championship abandoned
1964–65 APOEL
1965–66 Omonia
1966–67 Olympiakos Nicosia
1967–68 AEL Limassol
1968–69 Olympiakos Nicosia
1969–70 EPA Larnaca
1970–71 Olympiakos Nicosia
1971–72 Omonia
1972–73 APOEL
1973–74 Omonia
1974–75 Omonia
1975–76 Omonia
1976–77 Omonia
1977–78 Omonia
1978–79 Omonia
1979–80 APOEL
1980–81 Omonia
1981–82 Omonia
1982–83 Omonia
1983–84 Omonia
1984–85 Omonia
1985–86 APOEL
1986–87 Omonia
1987–88 Pezoporikos Larnaca
1988–89 Omonia
1989–90 APOEL
1990–91 Apollon Limassol
1991–92 APOEL
1992–93 Omonia
1993–94 Apollon Limassol
1994–95 Anorthosis Famagusta
1995–96 APOEL
1996–97 Anorthosis Famagusta
1997–98 Anorthosis Famagusta
1998–99 Anorthosis Famagusta
1999-00 Anorthosis Famagusta
2000–01 Omonia
2001–02 APOEL
2002–03 Omonia
2003–04 APOEL
2004–05 Anorthosis Famagusta
2005–06 Apollon Limassol
2006–07 APOEL
2007–08 Anorthosis Famagusta
2008–09 APOEL
2009–10 Omonia
2010–11 APOEL
2011–12 AEL Limassol
2012–13 APOEL

Performance by club[edit]

Club Winners Winning seasons
APOEL 22 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1952, 1965, 1973, 1980, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1996, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013
Omonia 20 1961, 1966, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1993, 2001, 2003, 2010
Anorthosis 13 1950, 1957, 1958, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2008
AEL Limassol 6 1941, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1968, 2012
Olympiakos 3 1967, 1969, 1971
Apollon Limassol 3 1991, 1994, 2006
EPA Larnaca 3 1945, 1946, 1970
Pezoporikos Larnaca 2 1954, 1988
Trast AC 1 1935
Çetinkaya Türk 1 1951

Participations per club[edit]

So far, 37 different teams participated in the Cypriot First Division. Neither team has participated in all leagues (75 in total, including the period 2013–14) for various reasons (participation in the Greek league, relegation at the Second Division, teams dissolution and merge or leaving Cyprus Football Association).

Nine of the 37 teams are no longer in the Cypriot leagues. Among them is the only Turkish-Cypriot team that participated in the first division, Çetinkaya which left the Cyprus Football Association, but also the Armenian AYMA, which participates in the amateur tournaments. Pezoporikos and EPA merged creating AEK Larnaca, Evagoras and APOP merged creating AEP Paphos. Keravnos disbanded its football section, APOP Kinyras dissolved due to financial problems and the first champion of Cyprus Trast AC ceased to exist.

Team Participations First season
APOEL 73 1934–35
AEL Limassol 73 1934–35
Anorthosis Famagusta 68 1934–35
Olympiakos Nicosia 66 1934–35
Omonia 58 1953–54
Apollon Limassol 55 1957–58
Nea Salamis Famagusta 52 1955–56
Aris Limassol 50 1934–35
EPA Larnaca 50 1934–35
Pezoporikos Larnaca 49 1938–39
Enosis Neon Paralimni 45 1969–70
Alki Larnaca 43 1960–61
Ethnikos Achna 27 1983–84
Team Participations First season
AEK Larnaca 19 1994–95
APOP Paphos 19 1966–67
Evagoras Paphos 18 1968–69
Çetinkaya Türk 18 1934–35
Digenis Akritas Morphou 15 1970–71
Omonia Aradippou 13 1978–79
AYMA 11 1947–48
Doxa Katokopias 10 1998–99
AEP Paphos 10 2000–01
Ermis Aradippou 8 1983–84
ASIL Lysi 8 1967–68
APEP 7 1987–88
Anagennisi Dherynia 6 1987–88
Team Participations First season
APOP Kinyras 5 2005–06
Keravnos 4 1979–80
Orfeas Nicosia 4 1959–60
Trast AC 4 1934–35
Ethnikos Assia 3 1997–98
Ayia Napa 2 2006–07
Chalkanoras Idaliou 2 1976–77
AEK Kouklia 1 2013–14
Atromitos Yeroskipou 1 2008–09
THOI Lakatamia 1 2005–06
Onisilos Sotira 1 2003–04

All-time Cypriot First Division table (1934/35 - 2012/13)[edit]

The All-time Cypriot First Division table is a ranking of all Cypriot football clubs based on their performance in the Cypriot First Division. The points are the sum of the points of all seasons, despite the point system of the season. The 1963–64 Cypriot First Division season is not inculed because the championship was abandoned.

Rank Club Years Points G W D. L. GF. GA. GD.
1 APOEL 72 2835 1609 953 347 309 3467 1651 1816
2 Omonia 57 2735 1452 921 297 234 3236 1330 1905
3 Anorthosis Famagusta 67 2641 1601 821 403 377 2953 1831 1122
4 AEL Limassol 72 2142 1615 656 399 560 2674 2298 376
5 Apollon Limassol 54 2109 1413 615 377 421 2344 1784 560
6 Olympiakos Nicosia 66 1664 1465 491 351 623 2209 2694 -485
7 Nea Salamina 51 1570 1291 429 344 518 1822 1967 -145
8 Pezoporikos 49 1432 1062 444 318 300 1719 1326 393
9 Enosis Neon Paralimni 44 1414 1201 417 347 437 1608 1605 3
10 EPA Larnaca 50 1222 1052 362 277 413 1570 1641 -71
11 Alki Larnaca 42 1200 1102 309 282 511 1386 1908 -522
12 Aris Limassol 49 1152 1177 297 285 595 1508 2431 -922
13 Ethnikos Achna 26 906 729 252 179 298 1003 1098 -95
14 AEK Larnaca 18 711 499 200 111 188 794 708 86
15 APOP Paphos 19 406 502 105 126 271 501 1007 -506
16 Evagoras Paphos 18 371 480 90 136 254 431 906 -475
17 Digenis Akritas Morphou 15 339 396 94 110 192 397 690 -293
18 AEP Paphos 10 315 278 81 72 125 376 478 -102
19 Omonia Aradippou 13 232 357 64 92 201 315 686 -371
20 Doxa Katokopias 9 225 258 56 57 145 284 558 -274
21 Çetinkaya 18 189 209 77 35 97 393 503 -110
22 ASIL Lysi 8 180 198 37 40 121 169 430 -261
23 APOP Kinyras 5 161 148 44 29 75 201 275 -74
24 Orfeas Nicosia 4 134 90 24 16 50 110 180 -70
25 AYMA 11 121 176 23 27 126 256 593 -337
26 Anagennisi Dherynia 6 116 160 31 28 101 144 351 -207
27 Ermis Aradippou 7 115 198 26 41 131 172 481 -309
28 APEP 7 101 192 25 34 133 158 460 -302
29 Keravnos 4 84 108 28 28 52 111 167 -56
30 Trast AC 4 68 44 30 8 6 129 54 75
31 Ethnikos Assia 3 60 78 17 9 52 102 184 -82
32 Chalkanoras Idaliou 2 43 60 16 11 33 59 116 -57
33 Ayia Napa 2 28 52 6 10 36 41 100 -59
34 Onisilos Sotira 1 13 26 3 4 19 22 63 -41
35 Atromitos Yeroskipou 1 7 26 1 4 21 19 69 -50
36 THOI Lakatamia 1 7 26 1 4 21 15 75 -60
Total 27048 8046 5238 8046 32698 32698 0

Top goalscorers[edit]

This is a list of the top goalscorers of Cyprus by season since 1960.[1]

Season Top scorer Club Goals
1960–61 Cyprus Panikos Krystallis Apollon Limassol 26
1961–62 Cyprus Michalis Shialis Anorthosis 22
1962–63 Cyprus Panikos Papadopoulos AEL Limassol 24
1963–64 Championship abandoned
1964–65 Cyprus Kostakis Pieridis Olympiakos Nicosia 21
1965–66 Cyprus Panikos Efthymiades Olympiakos Nicosia 20
1966–67 Cyprus Andreas Stylianou APOEL 29
1967–68 Cyprus Charalambos Papadopoulos AEL Limassol 31
1968–69 Cyprus Panikos Efthymiades Olympiakos Nicosia 17
1969–70 Cyprus Tasos Constantinou EPA Larnaca 24
1970–71 Cyprus Andreas Stylianou
Cyprus Kostas Vasiliades
Cyprus Panikos Efthymiades
APOEL
Apollon Limassol
Olympiakos Nicosia
11
11
11
1971–72 Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia 24
1972–73 Cyprus Lakis Theodorou EPA Larnaca 17
1973–74 Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia 20
1974–75 Cyprus Andros Savva Omonia 21
1975–76 Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia 39
1976–77 Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia 44
1977–78 Cyprus Andreas Kanaris Omonia 20
1978–79 Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia 28
1979–80 Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia 23
1980–81 Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia 14
1981–82 Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia 19
1982–83 Cyprus Panikos Hatziloizou Aris Limassol 17
1983–84 Cyprus Sylvester Vernon
Cyprus Lenos Kittos
Pezoporikos
Ermis Aradippou
14
1984–85 Cyprus Giorgos Savvidis Omonia 24
1985–86 Cyprus Yiannos Ioannou APOEL 22
1986–87 Bulgaria Spas Dzhevizov Omonia 32
1987–88 Cyprus Tasos Zouvanis E.N. Paralimni 23
1988–89 England Nigel McNeal Nea Salamina 19
1989–90 Serbia Cyprus Siniša Gogić APOEL 19
1990–91 Bosnia and Herzegovina Suad Beširević
Cyprus Panikos Xiourouppas
Apollon Limassol
Omonia
19
1991–92 Hungary József Dzurják Omonia 21
1992–93 Serbia Slađan Šćepović Apollon Limassol 25
1993–94 Serbia Cyprus Siniša Gogić Anorthosis 26
1994–95 Cyprus Pambis Andreou Nea Salamina 25
1995–96 Hungary József Kiprich APOEL 25
1996–97 Cyprus Michalis Konstantinou E.N. Paralimni 17
1997–98 Germany Cyprus Rainer Rauffmann Omonia 42
1998–99 Germany Cyprus Rainer Rauffmann Omonia 35
1999–00 Germany Cyprus Rainer Rauffmann Omonia 34
2000–01 Germany Cyprus Rainer Rauffmann Omonia 30
2001–02 Poland Wojciech Kowalczyk Anorthosis 22
2002–03 Cyprus Marios Neophytou Anorthosis 33
2003–04 Poland Łukasz Sosin
Slovakia Jozef Kožlej
Apollon Limassol
Omonia
21
2004–05 Poland Łukasz Sosin Apollon Limassol 21
2005–06 Poland Łukasz Sosin Apollon Limassol 28
2006–07 Argentina Esteban Solari APOEL 20
2007–08 Brazil David
Poland Łukasz Sosin
Doxa Katokopias
Anorthosis
16
2008–09 Brazil Serjão Doxa Katokopias 24
2009–10 Brazil Joeano
Cape Verde José Semedo
Ermis Aradippou
APOP Kinyras
22
2010–11 Serbia Miljan Mrdaković Apollon Limassol 21
2011–12 Angola Freddy Omonia 17
2012–13 Portugal Bernardo Vasconcelos Alki Larnaca 18

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cyprus – List of Topscorers". rssf.com. 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]