Cypriot presidential election, 2008

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Cypriot presidential election, 2008
Cyprus
2003 ←
17 February and 24 February 2008 → 2013

  Dimitris Christofias.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Demetris Christofias Ioannis Kasoulidis
Party AKEL DISY
Popular vote 240,604 210,195
Percentage 53.37% 46.63%

President before election

Tassos Papadopoulos
DIKO

Elected President

Demetris Christofias
AKEL

Coat of Arms of Cyprus.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Cyprus

The Cypriot presidential election of 2008 was held on 17 February 2008, with the runoff held on 24 February 2008.[1] The second-round winner, and thus the President of Cyprus for the next term, was Dimitris Christofias.[2][3]

The first round, held on February 17, saw a close result between three leading candidates, Dimitris Christofias of AKEL, Ioannis Kasoulidis of DISY, and the incumbent Tassos Papadopoulos. Results showed Kasoulidis in first place with about 33.51%, Christofias in second with 33.29%, and Papadopoulos in third with 31.79%. Christophias and Kasoulidis therefore participated in a second round on February 24. The elimination of Papadopoulos in the first round was viewed as surprising.[1]

In the second round, Christofias won with 53.37% against 46.63% for Kasoulides.[3] He was sworn in as President on February 28.[4]

According to the exit-polls, Papadopoulos was voted by 40% of "No" voters in the Annan referendum and 5% of the "Yes". Christofias by 35% of the "No" and 34% of the "Yes" voters and Kasoulidis by the 24% of the "No" and 62% of the "Yes" voters.[5]

Announcement of candidates and first round supports[edit]

Papadopoulos (DIKO) announced in late July that he would run for re-election. In early July 2007, the ruling coalition (consisting of DIKO, AKEL and EDEK) fell apart due to a lack of consensus on a common candidate for the presidential elections; AKEL general secretary Dimitris Christofias was proposed as a common candidate by AKEL, but rejected by DIKO and EDEK (who both will support Papadopoulos' bid for reelection), which AKEL took as a reason to leave the ruling coalition. Thus both Papadopoulos and Christophias contested the election.[6]

Furthermore, the Democratic Rally support MEP Ioannis Kasoulidis, a former foreign minister,[7] and Kostas Themistokleous, a former minister of agriculture and environment, also contested the election.

Controversial MEP Marios Matsakis announced on 29 December 2007 that he would contest the election. Marios Matsakis was elected two times as a member of the Cypriot parliament and once as member of the Εuropean Parliament with the support of DIKO.[8]

The Secretariat of the Movement of the United Democrats initially considered to support Themistokleous[9] but at the end they supported Christophias to minimize the possibility of Papadopoulos' re-election.[10]

The Ecological and Environmental Movement (KOP) decided on November 18, 2007 to support Papadopoulos.[11] The movement supported him in 2003 as well.

Second round supports[edit]

After the first round of the election and the elimination of Papadopoulos, the latter's party, DIKO, announced its support for Christofias[12] although Papadopoulos himself stayed neutral.[citation needed] Christofias had offered three ministerial positions to DIKO, including that of Minister of Foreign Affairs, in addition to the post of President of the House of Representatives, while Kasoulides had offered five ministerial positions in exchange for DIKO's support.[12] EDEK also backed Christofias, on the proposal of its Political Bureau, with 109 members of its Central Committee voting in favor of supporting Christofias, five voting against, and two abstaining.[13] The Cypriot Orthodox Church leader Archbishop Chrysostomos II backed Kasoulidis.[12]

Ecological and Environmental Movement on 21 February 2008 decided to support Dimitris Christofias.

Evroko, ADIK and Marios Matsakis announced that they will support neither of the two candidates.

Kostas Themistokleous backed Ioannis Kasoulidis.

Candidates[edit]

Nine candidates were approved to participate in the elections. Each candidate had to be recommended by one Cypriot citizen and supported by eight more.

The names of the candidates announced on 18 January 2008[14] were:

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 17 February 2008 Cypriot presidential election results
Candidates and nominating parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Dimitris Christofias 150,016 33.29 240,604 53.37
Ioannis Kasoulidis 150,996 33.51 210,195 46.63
Tassos Papadopoulos 143,249 31.79  
Marios Matsakis 3,460 0.77
Kostas Kyriacou 1,092 0.24
Kostas Themistocleous 753 0.17
Andreas Efstratiou 713 0.16
Christodoulos Neophytou 243 0.05
Anastasis Michael 117 0.03
Valid votes 450,639 100.00 450,799 100.00
Blank votes 4,410 0.95 7,768 1.66
Invalid votes 7,798 1.68 10,576 2.25
Turnout (out of 516,441 registered votes) 462,847 89.62 469,143 90.84
Source: Cypriot Government (http://www.ekloges.gov.cy/index.aspx?ci=en-GB)

Debates[edit]

On 26 January 2008 the three main candidates, Papadopoulos, Christofias, and Kasoulidis, debated on television. The debate was transmitted by all Cypriot TV stations.[21][22] The three candidates were questioned by journalists from RIK, MEGA, ANT1, Sigma TV and CNC Plus TV. The debate started at 9.45PM local time and lasted 1 hour and 50 minutes. Each candidate had three minutes to answer each question and 1.5 minute for every follow-up question. The procedure was divided in 6 sections and, at the end of each section, each candidate had 3 minutes to give a short speech and 1.5 minute for a short comment.[23]

On 14 February, a second debate was held. The subject of discussion was the Cyprus dispute.[24]

Opinion polls[edit]

A collection of opinion polls taken before the elections is listed below. Beginning on 11 February 2008, no opinion poll is allowed to be published.[25]

Polling Firm Source Date Published T.
Papadopoulos
D.
Christofias
I.
Kasoulidis
K.
Themistokleous
M.
Matsakis
Symmetron [1] 3 October 2007
32.9%
27.5%
27.6%
0.4%
RAI Consultants [2] 18 November 2007
33.0%
28.5%
27.8%
0.4%
Public Isuue PIK [3] 21 November 2007
31%
30%
29%
1%
Noverna [4] 22 November 2007
30.1%
28.4%
27.1%
1.2%
RAI Consultants [5] 25 December 2007
32.7%
28.7%
26.2%
1.2%
Noverna [26] 17 January 2008
30.3%
29.1%
30.5%
0.1%
2.2%
Noverna [27] 23 January 2008
30.5%
30.0%
30.1%
0.3%
2.2%
Public Issue-RIK [28] 7 February 2008
34.0%
33.5%
30.5%
0.1%
2.0%

Geographical distribution of voting[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Incumbent eliminated from Cyprus presidential election in major surprise", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), February 17, 2008.
  2. ^ "Leftist leader wins Cyprus vote". BBC. 2008-02-24. Retrieved 2008-02-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Presidential Election 2008: Run-off Election: Official results". Cypriot government. 2008-02-24. Retrieved 2008-02-24. 
  4. ^ "New Cyprus president takes office with pledge for solution", Xinhua (People's Daily Online), February 28, 2008.
  5. ^ "Τα πάνω-κάτω με θριαμβευτή Κασουλίδη". Eleftherotypia. 2008-02-18. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  6. ^ "Cyprus coalition government dissolved". People's Daily Online. 2007-07-11. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  7. ^ 4 ministers quit after Cyprus' ruling coalition splits - International Herald Tribune
  8. ^ "Fiery MEP to stand in Cyprus poll". ekathimerini.com. 2007-12-29. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  9. ^ "The United Democrats with Themistocleous". Simerini. 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  10. ^ "The United Democrats votes sensibly". Politis Online. 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  11. ^ a b "The ecologists decided to support the Tassos Papadopulos' candidateship". Phileleftheros. 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2007-11-18. 
  12. ^ a b c "Communist chief gains edge in Cyprus poll", AFP (news.com.au), February 21, 2008.
  13. ^ "Cyprus Socialists supports Christofia’s candidacy", Financial Mirror, February 21, 2008.
  14. ^ "Μάχη εντυπώσεων στην υποβολή υποψηφιοτήτων". Simerini. 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  15. ^ "EDEK's bet". Politis Online. 2007-09-24. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  16. ^ "The European Party supports Tassos Papadopoulos". Press release of European Party. Retrieved 2007-10-02. 
  17. ^ "ADIK supports Tassos Papadopoulos as well". Radio Pafos 93.7 FM. 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  18. ^ "The United Democrats "vote" Christophias". Simireni. 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  19. ^ "Ο Κασουλίδης προσφέρει διεξόδους απεγκλωβισμού". Phileleftheros. 2007-12-07. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  20. ^ "H Ευρωπαϊκή Δημοκρατία σε ανακοίνωσή της αναφέρει ότι η υποψηφιότητα Kασουλίδη προχωρά με προτάσεις για τα προβλήματα της χώρας". Η Μάχη. 2007-10-23. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  21. ^ Katerina Zorba (2008-01-25). "Παράθυρο ευκαιρίας". Politis. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  22. ^ Marios Manousopoulos (2008-01-25). "Everyone declares himself as a winner". Simerini. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  23. ^ "Τρεις υποψήφιοι προέδροι στην πρώτη αναμέτρηση". iKypros.com. 2008-01-24. Retrieved 2008-01-26. [dead link]
  24. ^ "Ντιμπέιτ για τα λάθη και λίγα για το μέλλον". Politis. 2008-02-14. Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  25. ^ "Σταυρόλεξο για δυνατούς λύτες η έκβαση των κυπριακών προεδρικών εκλογών". in.gr. 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  26. ^ "Three Candidates Tied in Greek Cyprus Race". Angus Reid Global Monitor : Polls & Research (Noverna / Politis). 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  27. ^ "Winner in photo-finish". Politis. 2008-01-23. Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  28. ^ "Presidential Elections 2008 Poll 19-29/01/2008". RIK. 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 

External links[edit]