Diplomatic relations between Sweden and Cyprus were established in 1960, when Cyprus became an independent state. In 1994 Cyprus opened an embassy in Stockholm, while Sweden opened an embassy in Nicosia in 2004.
Eleven bilateral agreements have been concluded between Cyprus and Sweden.
Swedish archeologists and historians visit the island systematically. The most significant project was called Swedish Cyprus Expedition that took place between September 1927 and March 1931 and was led by three archaeologists: Einar Gjerstad, Erik Sjöqvist and Alfred Westholm together with architect John Lindros.