Cyprus–United Kingdom relations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cypriot–British relations
Map indicating locations of Cyprus and United Kingdom

Cyprus

United Kingdom

Cypriot–British relations are foreign relations between Cyprus and the United Kingdom. The two countries share membership of the European Union and Commonwealth of Nations. Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1961, after 83 years of British control. At the moment, there are 400,000 Greek Cypriots[1] and 300,000 Turkish Cypriots[2] living in the UK. There are at least 50,000 British who reside in Cyprus, with most having their property in Paphos district. Current relations between Cyprus and the United Kingdom are considered excellent with high levels of cooperation on energy, diplomacy and education. On 16 January 2014 President of Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades and British Prime Minister David Cameron reaffirmed the strong bonds of friendship and partnership between Cyprus and the UK, during a meeting at 10 Downing Street.

History[edit]

High Commission of Cyprus in London
Bombed building of the British Forces Cyprus by Turkish fighter jets during Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974.

For four years after Cypriot independence in 1960, the British government supported the Republic of Cyprus financially, under the 1960 Exchange of Notes on Financial Assistance to the Republic of Cyprus.[3] Among other items, that Exchange of Notes provided for payment of a total of £12 million "by way of grant" (and not related to the bases), starting with £4 million in 1961 and tapering down to £1.5 million in March 1965, with provision for the UK government to review the situation for each subsequent 5 year period, in consultation with the Republic government, and "determine the amount of financial aid to be provided". After the intercommunal conflict of 1963–64 it stopped, claiming there was no guarantee that both communities would benefit equally from that money. The Cypriot government is still claiming money[citation needed] for the years from 1964 to now although to date has taken no international legal action to test the validity of its claim. Estimates for the claimed debt range from several hundred thousand to over one billion euros[citation needed].

The continuing British sovereignty of the Akrotiri and Dhekelia Sovereign Base Areas has continued to divide Cypriots. Several Cypriot villages remain enclaved in the areas, and there have been numerous arrests of anti-British demonstrators over the past few years. These activists assert that the UK should not continue to hold territory in another EU state.

Agreement lifting the restriction in developing properties in the Akrotiri and Dhekelia[edit]

Arrangement on non-military development in the SBAs signed by British Foreign Secretary William Hague and Cypriot Foreign Minister Ioannis Kasoulidis in London in January 2014.

An agreement to lift the restrictions in developing properties within the British bases areas was signed in London between Foreign Minister of Cyprus Ioannis Kasoulides and Foreign Secretary William Hague at Carlton House in the presence of President Nicos Anastasiades. The right of the owners to develop their land concerns 15 local administrative units, which make up 78% of the total area of the bases. The agreement lifted all restrictions about eligibility and the development of properties within the British Bases so that all regulations applied in the Republic of Cyprus will be valid within the Bases areas, as regards purchasing and developing properties by European or third country nationals.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cole, Jeffrey (2011), Ethnic Groups of Europe: An Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, p. 92, ISBN 1-59884-302-8 
  2. ^ Home Affairs Committee (2011). "Implications for the Justice and Home Affairs area of the accession of Turkey to the European Union". The Stationery Office. p. Ev 34. 
  3. ^ Commonly referred to as "Appendix R" from the grouping in the set of papers presented to the UK Parliament - see Republic of Cyprus Government text

External links[edit]