Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation
||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (November 2013)|
|Type||Broadcast radio and
|Availability||Europe and the US|
|Owner||President of Cyprus|
|Themis Themistocleous (Director General)
Makis Simeou (President)
|Cyprus Broadcasting Service (1953-1959)|
The Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC) (Greek: Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου, Turkish: Kıbrıs Radyo Yayın Kurumu) or CyBC (ΡΙΚ, KRYK) is Cyprus's public broadcasting service. It transmits island-wide on four radio, two domestic television channels and one satellite channel for the Cypriot diaspora.
CyBC was partly funded by a tax added to electricity bills a practice which ended on July 1, 2000. The amount paid depended on the size of the home. As it was a hypothecated tax for public television, it was very similar in principle to the television licence systems that operate in many other countries. It is currently funded by the state budget.
CyBC is a member of the international broadcasting community. It belongs to most major organisations including the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), the Broadcasting Organisation of Non-Aligned Countries (BONAC) and the Commonwealth Broadcasting Association (CBA).
History and legal framework
The CyBC started as the Cyprus Broadcasting Service. The Cyprus Broadcasting Service began radio broadcasts at 1700 PM on Sunday 4 October 1953. Programs were broadcast in Greek, Turkish and English. Transmission was on the medium wavelengths 434 and 495 meters. The station produced a weekly publication called "Radio Cyprus" and was free.
Television broadcasting began on 1 October 1957. Initially, broadcasts were five days a week, with an averaging daily length of 3 hours. The service covered a radius of 20 miles from Nicosia.
On 1 January 1959 the Cyprus Broadcasting Service ceased to be a government department and was renamed the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation under "The Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Act (Chapter 300A). In part it was modeled on the British Broadcasting Corporation.
The CyBC was admitted as an associate member of the European Broadcasting Union on 1 January 1964 and became an active member five years later.
As the effective state broadcaster, the CyBC is responsible for maintaining the broadcasting remit required under the Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus. Article 171 of the Constitution states:
"In sound and vision broadcasting there shall be programs both for the Greek and the Turkish Communities. The time allocated to programs for the Turkish Cypriot Community in sound broadcasting shall not be less than 75 hours in a seven-day week, spread to all days of such week in daily normal periods of transmission: Provided that if the total period of transmissions has to be reduced so that the time allotted to programs for the Greek Community should fall below 75 hours in a seven-day week, then the time allotted to programs for the Turkish Community in any such week should be reduced by the same number of hours as that by which the time allotted to programs for the Greek Community is reduced below such hours: Provided further that if the time allotted to programs for the Greek Community is increased above one hundred and forty hours in a seven-day week, then the time allotted to programs for the Turkish Community shall be increased in the ratio of three hours for the Turkish Community to every seven hours for the Greek Community.
In vision broadcasting there shall be allotted three transmission days to the programs for the Turkish Community of every ten consecutive transmission days and the total time allotted to the programs for the Turkish Community in such ten transmission days shall be in the ratio of three hours to seven hours allotted to programs for the Greek Community in such ten transmission days.
All official broadcasts in sound and vision shall be made both in Greek and Turkish and shall not be taken into account for the purposes of calculating the time under this Article."
Article 19 of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Act or Chapter 300A, states that the
"The Corporation (CyBC) shall conduct the broadcasting services with impartial attention to the interests and susceptibilities of the different communities and with due regard to the interests of minority communities in the Republic.
The Corporation shall operate the broadcasting services in the Greek, Turkish and English languages and any other languages at its discretion and shall at all times keep a fair balance in the allocation of broadcasting hours and other matters between these languages."
CyBC operates 3 domestic channels (CyBC 1, CyBC 2, CyBC HD) and an international service (RIK Sat) that is directed at the Cypriot diaspora. It also carries the signal of Euronews (in the past was ERT World icluded too). Since 1 July 2011, all analogue television transmissions ended, and CyBC broadcasts solely using its own DVB-T network.
CyBC 1 (also RIK 1) features news and current affairs programming, including news bulletins, in Greek. It also airs political, financial, social and cultural programs as well as the latest sports news.
There are also documentaries and feature films; series based on actual events and acclaimed literature; operas, concerts, ballets, theater performances and culture programs.
CyBC 2 (also RIK 2) primarily features entertainment programming including Cypriot and foreign series, high quality feature films, Cypriot and foreign television movies, music and children's programs. It also transmits news in Greek, Turkish and English. Since 1 February 1993, PIK2 has carried a daily re-broadcast of part of the Euronews program (approximately 80 hours per week).
The Full HD channel simulcasts a number of domestic and international events along with the standard definition channels. Events simulcasted in HD by CyBC in 2013 include: Formula 1 auto racing, MotoGP, Eurovision Song Contest 2013, FIFA (International Federation of Association Football) Confederations Cup.
RIK Sat is the international network of RIK TV that broadcasts RIK programming to audiences in Europe. It is currently available as an FTA service via the Hellas-Sat 2 satellite, the Hot bird satellites, and as a digital terrestrial television channel in Greece. It is also carried in the US and Canada via Titan Inc. The RIK Sat currently operates on a 24 hour schedule.
In addition to the television channels CyBC broadcasts four radio channels. The four stations (First, Second, Third and Fourth) aim to transmit quality programs and provide information, culture and entertainment to the public; taking into consideration the needs and preferences of all the communities in Cyprus. Programs are broadcast in various languages. They transmit on a 24-hour basis and are also available via satellite and the internet.
The First Channel transmits on a 24-hour basis featuring news, current affairs, education and cultural programs. It airs programs for children and young adults in history and tradition and programs of classical, modern and traditional music.
Since 27 June 1999 CyBC has also transmitted a special program for Maronites, titled 'The Voice of Maronites'. There is also a special program for the Latin community which was started on 13 November 1999.
The First Channel transmits at 963, 693, 558 kHz on AM and 97.2, 90.2, 93.3 and 91.4 MHz on FM
This channel, known as CyBC Radio Two, transmits programs in various languages on a 24-hour basis: in Turkish for the Turkish Cypriots from 0600 to 1700, in Armenian for the Armenians from 1700 to 18.00 and in English for foreign visitors and permanent non-Greek-speaking residents from 1800 to 0600 the following day.
The transmission to the Turkish Cypriots aims at maintaining communication with them. Among other programs there are three news bulletins every day (at 0730, 1315 and 1850). The English speaking programs are mainly for entertainment, music and culture, with emphasis on providing information on national issues and promoting cultural heritage. Three English news bulletins are transmitted every day (at 1330, 2000 and 2200). Other English language programs include a live evening magazine program and a music and chat with DJ show throughout the evening.
The Second Channel transmits at 91.1, 94.2 and 97.9 MHz FM. It is streamed online at www.cybc.com.cy and is also available to 70% of the population on the Cyprus national digital TV multiplex as 'Deftero Programma'. The station can also be heard on Hellas-Sat in Africa, Europe and the Middle East.
The Third Radio Channel, which is the most popular CyBC channel in Cyprus, is mainly an entertainment and information channel.
The Fourth Radio Channel airs popular music.
CyBC Greek-language programming is also available for Greek Cypriot expatriates in the south west United Kingdom on the weekends. It uses a transmitter, operated by VT Communications, which is also used for the BBC World Service programming in the area.
- Cyprus Mail: CyBC ‘mustn’t take subsidy for granted’, [...]From July 1, EAC bills will no longer include a CyBC levy[...]
- Romantic Cyprus (7 ed.). Kevork K. Keshishian. 1957.
- Romantic Cyprus (10 ed.). Kevork K. Keshishian. 1962.
- Official Site (Greek) (English) (Turkish)