Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation
|Type||Broadcast radio and
|Availability||Europe and the US|
|Owner||Republic of Cyprus|
|Themis Themistocleous (Director-general)
Makis Simeou (President)
|Cyprus Broadcasting Service (1953-1959)|
Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (Greek: Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου, Turkish: Kıbrıs Radyo Yayın Kurumu), or CyBC (ΡΙΚ, KRYK), is Cyprus' public broadcasting service. It transmits island-wide on four radio and two domestic television channels, and uses one satellite channel for the Cypriot diaspora. CyBC is a nonprofit organization, using its entire income for its mission to provide objective information and entertainment to the people of Cyprus.
CyBC was partially funded by a tax on electric bills, a practice which ended on July 1, 2000; CyBC is currently funded by the state budget. The amount of the tax was dependent on the size of the home and, as a hypothecated tax for public television, was similar in principle to the television licence systems in other countries. The corporation is a member of the international broadcasting community, belonging to the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), the Broadcasting Organisation of Non-Aligned Countries (BONAC) and the Commonwealth Broadcasting Association (CBA).
History and legal framework
CyBC began as the Cyprus Broadcasting Service, with its first radio broadcast at 17:00 on Sunday, 4 October 1953. Programs were broadcast in Greek, Turkish and English on 434 and 495 meters medium wave (691 and 606 kilohertz). The station produced a free weekly publication, Radio Cyprus.
Television broadcasting began on 1 October 1957. Broadcasts were initially five days a week, averaging three hours a day, and the service covered a radius of 20 miles (32 km) from Nicosia.
On 1 January 1959, the Cyprus Broadcasting Service ceased to be a government department and was renamed the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation under Chapter 300A of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Act. The corporation was modeled in part on the British Broadcasting Corporation. CyBC was admitted as an associate member of the European Broadcasting Union on 1 January 1964, becoming an active member five years later.
As the state broadcaster, CyBC is responsible for implementing the Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus. According to Article 171 of the constitution:
In sound and vision broadcasting there shall be programs both for the Greek and the Turkish Communities. The time allocated to programs for the Turkish Cypriot Community in sound broadcasting shall not be less than 75 hours in a seven-day week, spread to all days of such week in daily normal periods of transmission: Provided that if the total period of transmissions has to be reduced so that the time allotted to programs for the Greek Community should fall below 75 hours in a seven-day week, then the time allotted to programs for the Turkish Community in any such week should be reduced by the same number of hours as that by which the time allotted to programs for the Greek Community is reduced below such hours: Provided further that if the time allotted to programs for the Greek Community is increased above one hundred and forty hours in a seven-day week, then the time allotted to programs for the Turkish Community shall be increased in the ratio of three hours for the Turkish Community to every seven hours for the Greek Community.
In vision broadcasting there shall be allotted three transmission days to the programs for the Turkish Community of every ten consecutive transmission days and the total time allotted to the programs for the Turkish Community in such ten transmission days shall be in the ratio of three hours to seven hours allotted to programs for the Greek Community in such ten transmission days.
All official broadcasts in sound and vision shall be made both in Greek and Turkish and shall not be taken into account for the purposes of calculating the time under this Article.
Article 19 of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Act (Chapter 300A) states:
The Corporation (CyBC) shall conduct the broadcasting services with impartial attention to the interests and susceptibilities of the different communities and with due regard to the interests of minority communities in the Republic.
The Corporation shall operate the broadcasting services in the Greek, Turkish and English languages and any other languages at its discretion and shall at all times keep a fair balance in the allocation of broadcasting hours and other matters between these languages.
CyBC operates three domestic channels (CyBC 1, CyBC 2 and CyBC HD) and an international service (RIK Sat) for the Cypriot diaspora. It also carries Euronews, and in the past ERT World was included. On 1 July 2011 all analogue television transmissions ended, and CyBC broadcasts on its own DVB-T network.
CyBC 2 (RIK 2) primarily carries entertainment programming: Cypriot and foreign series, feature films, Cypriot and foreign television movies, music and children's programs. It also broadcasts news in Greek, Turkish and English. Since 1 February 1993, PIK2 has rebroadcast part of the Euronews program daily (about 80 hours per week).
The HD channel simulcasts domestic and international special events along with the standard-definition channels. Events simulcast in HD by CyBC in 2013 included Formula 1 auto racing, Grand Prix motorcycle racing, the Eurovision Song Contest and the FIFA Confederations Cup.
RIK Sat is the international service of RIK TV, broadcasting to Europe and North America. It is currently available as a free-to-air service in Europe on the Hellas-Sat 2 and Hot Bird 13D satellites and as a digital terrestrial television channel in Greece.
CyBC has four radio channels (First, Second, Third and Fourth), which aim to transmit quality programs and provide information, culture and entertainment to all communities in Cyprus. Programs are broadcast in a number of languages 24 hours a day, and are also available via satellite and on the Internet.
The First Channel features news, current affairs, educational and cultural programs on 963, 693 and 558 kHz AM and 97.2, 90.2, 93.3 and 91.4 MHz FM. It has programming for children and young adults on history and classical, modern and traditional music. Since 27 June 1999 CyBC has broadcast a program for Maronites, The Voice of Maronites. A program for the Roman Catholic community began on 13 November 1999.
This channel, known as CyBC Radio Two, transmits programs in several languages: Turkish for Turkish Cypriots from 06:00 to 17:00, Armenian for the Armenians from 17:00 to 18.00 and English for foreign visitors and permanent non-Greek-speaking residents from 18:00 to 06:00 the following day.
The broadcast to the Turkish Cypriots aims to maintain ties with them, and programming includes three news bulletins daily (at 07:30, 13:15 and 18:50). English programs are primarily entertainment, music and culture, providing information on national issues and cultural heritage. Three English news bulletins are broadcast daily, at 13:30, 20:00 and 22:00. Other English-language programs include a live evening magazine program and a music-and-talk show hosted by a DJ in the evening.
The Second Channel is on 91.1, 94.2 and 97.9 MHz FM, is streamed online at www.cybc.com.cy and is available to 70 percent of the population on the Cyprus national digital TV multiplex as Deftero Programma. It can also be heard on Hellas-Sat in Africa, Europe and the Middle East.
The Third Channel, the most popular CyBC channel in Cyprus, is primarily an entertainment and information channel.
The Fourth Channel plays popular music.
CyBC Greek-language programming is available for Greek Cypriot expatriates in the southwestern United Kingdom on weekends. The External Service uses a transmitter, operated by VT Communications, which is also used for BBC World Service programming in the area.
- Cyprus Mail: CyBC ‘mustn’t take subsidy for granted’, [...]From July 1, EAC bills will no longer include a CyBC levy[...]
- Romantic Cyprus (7 ed.). Kevork K. Keshishian. 1957.
- Romantic Cyprus (10 ed.). Kevork K. Keshishian. 1962.
- "Our Channels". Titan Television. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- Official Site (Greek) (English) (Turkish)