Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation
||This article may require copy editing for . (November 2013)|
|Type||Broadcast radio and
|Availability||Europe and the US|
|Owner||President of Cyprus|
|Key people||Themis Themistocleous (Director General)
Makis Simeou (President)
|Former names||Cyprus Broadcasting Service (1953-1959)|
The Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (Greek: Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου, Turkish: Kıbrıs Radyo Yayın Kurumu) or CyBC (ΡΙΚ, KRYK) is Cyprus's public broadcasting service, transmitting island-wide on four radio and two domestic television channels and one satellite channel for the Cypriot diaspora. CyBC is a non-profit organization that utilises its entire income for the promotion of its main mission, which is the objective provision of information, culture and entertainment for the people of Cyprus. CyBC was partly funded by a tax added to electricity bills, a practice which ended on July 1, 2000. The amount paid depended on the size of the home. As it was a hypothecated tax for public television, it was very similar in principle to the television licence systems that operate in many other countries. It is currently funded by the state budget.
CyBC is a member of the international broadcasting community, belonging to most major organisations including the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), the Broadcasting Organisation of Non-Aligned Countries (BONAC) and the Commonwealth Broadcasting Association (CBA).
History and legal framework
The Cyprus Broadcasting Service commenced radio broadcasts at 17.00pm on Sunday 4 October 1953. Programmes were broadcast in Greek, Turkish and English. Transmission was on medium wave 434 and 495 metres. The station produced a weekly publication called "Radio Cyprus" and was available free.
The First Television broadcast began on 1 October 1957 it operated five days a week averaging daily broadcasts of 3 hours. The service covered a radius of 20 miles from Nicosia.
On 1 January 1959 the CBS ceased to be a government department and was renamed the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation under "The Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Act, also called Chapter 300A". In part this was modelled on the BBC.
CyBC was admitted as an associate member of the European Broadcasting Union on 1 January 1964 and became an active member five years later.
As the effective state broadcaster the CyBC is responsible for maintaining the broadcasting remit required under the Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus. Article 171 of the Constitution states:
In sound and vision broadcasting there shall be programmes both for the Greek and the Turkish Communities.
The time allocated to programmes for the Turkish Cypriot Community in sound broadcasting shall not be less than 75 hours in a seven-day week, spread to all days of such week in daily normal periods of transmission: Provided that if the total period of transmissions has to be reduced so that the time allotted to programmes for the Greek Community should fall below 75 hours in a seven-day week, then the time allotted to programmes for the Turkish Community in any such week should be reduced by the same number of hours as that by which the time allotted to programmes for the Greek Community is reduced below such hours: Provided further that if the time allotted to programmes for the Greek Community is increased above one hundred and forty hours in a seven-day week, then the time allotted to programmes for the Turkish Community shall be increased in the ratio of three hours for the Turkish Community to every seven hours for the Greek Community.
In vision broadcasting there shall be allotted three transmission days to the programmes for the Turkish Community of every ten consecutive transmission days and the total time allotted to the programmes for the Turkish Community in such ten transmission days shall be in the ratio of three hours to seven hours allotted to programmes for the Greek Community in such ten transmission days.
All official broadcasts in sound and vision shall be made both in Greek and Turkish and shall not be taken into account for the purposes of calculating the time under this Article.
Article 19 of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Act or Chapter 300A, states that the
The Corporation (CyBC) shall conduct the broadcasting services with impartial attention to the interests and susceptibilities of the different communities and with due regard to the interests of minority communities in the Republic.
The Corporation shall operate the broadcasting services in the Greek, Turkish and English languages and any other languages at its discretion and shall at all times keep a fair balance in the allocation of broadcasting hours and other matters between these languages.
CyBC operates 3 domestic channels (CyBC 1, CyBC 2, CyBC HD) and an international service (RIK Sat) that is directed at the Cypriot diaspora. It also carries the signal of ERT World and Euronews. Since 1 July 2011, all analogue television transmissions ended, and CyBC broadcasts solely using its own DVB-T network.
CyBC 1 (also RIK 1) features news and current affairs programming, including news bulletins, in Greek. It also airs political, financial, social and cultural programmes as well as the latest sports news.
Among its programmes are documentaries and feature films, series based on actual events and acclaimed literature, operas, concerts, ballets, theatre performances and culture programmes.
CyBC 2 (also RIK 2) features primarily entertainment programming including Cypriot and foreign series, high quality feature films, Cypriot and foreign television movies, music and children's programmes. It also transmits news in Greek, Turkish and English. Since 1 February 1993, PIK2 has carried a daily re-broadcast of part of the Euronews programme (approximately 80 hours per week).
The Full HD channel simulcasts a number of domestic and international events along with the standard definition channels. Events simulcasted in HD by CyBC in 2013 include: Formula 1, Moto GP, Eurovision Song Contest, FIFA Confederations Cup.
RIK Sat is the international network of RIK TV that broadcasts RIK programming to audiences in Europe. It is currently available as an FTA service via Hellas Sat 2 and Hotbird, and as a digital terrestrial television channel in Greece. It is also carried in the US and Canada via Titan Inc. RIK Sat currently operates on a 24 hour schedule.
In addition to the television channels, CyBC broadcasts four radio channels. The four stations (First, Second, Third and Fourth) aim to transmit quality programmes and provide information, culture and entertainment to the public, taking into consideration the needs and preferences of all the communities in Cyprus. Programmes are broadcast in various languages. They transmit on a 24-hour basis and are also available via satellite and the internet.
The First Channel transmits on a 24-hour basis featuring news, current affairs, education and cultural programmes. It airs programmes for children and young adults, history and tradition and programmes of classical, modern and traditional music.
Since 27 June 1999 CyBC has also transmitted a special programme for Maronites, titled 'The Voice of Maronites'. In addition, a special programme for the Latin community started on 13 November 1999.
The First Programme transmits at 963, 693, 558 kHz on AM and 97.2, 90.2, 93.3 and 91.4 MHz on FM
This channel, known as CyBC Radio Two, transmits programmes in various languages on a 24-hour basis: in Turkish for the Turkish Cypriots (06.00-17.00), in Armenian for the Armenians (17.00-18.00) and English for foreign visitors and permanent non-Greek-speaking residents (18.00-06.00).
The transmission to the Turkish Cypriots aims at maintaining communication with them. Among other programmes, three news bulletins every day (at 07.30, 13.15 and 18.50). The English-speaking programmes are mainly for entertainment, music and culture, with emphasis on providing information on national issues and promoting cultural heritage. Three English news bulletins are transmitted every day (at 13.30, 20.00 and 22.00). Other English language programmes include a live evening magazine programme and music and chat from DJ shows throughout the evening.
The Second Programme transmits at 91.1, 94.2 and 97.9 MHz FM. It is streamed online at www.cybc.com.cy and is also available to 70% of the population on the Cyprus national digital TV multiplex as 'Deftero Programma'. The station can also be heard on Hellas-Sat in Africa, Europe and the Middle East.
The Third Radio Channel, which is the most popular CyBC network in Cyprus, acts mainly as an entertainment and information channel.
The Fourth Radio Channel airs popular music.
CyBC Greek-language programming is also available for Greek Cypriot expatriates in the UK through SW, on the weekends. It uses a transmitter, operated by VT Communications, which is also used for BBC World Service programming for the area.
- Cyprus Mail: CyBC ‘mustn’t take subsidy for granted’, [...]From July 1, EAC bills will no longer include a CyBC levy[...]
- Romantic Cyprus (7 ed.). Kevork K. Keshishian. 1957.
- Romantic Cyprus (10 ed.). Kevork K. Keshishian. 1962.
- Official Site (Greek) (English) (Turkish)