Cyprus Turkish Airlines
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015)|
|Ceased operations||21 June 2010|
|Hubs||Ercan International Airport|
|Headquarters||North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus|
|Key people||Bilal EKŞİ|
Cyprus Turkish Airlines Limited (Turkish: Kıbrıs Türk Hava Yolları Ltd. Şti. (KTHY)) was a Turkish Cypriot airline that served as the flag carrier for Northern Cyprus. Until its collapse in June 2010, Cyprus Turkish Airlines was the primary airline flying passengers to Northern Cyprus.
KTHY operated scheduled flights from Ercan, Northern Cyprus, to several cities in Turkey, the United Kingdom, and Western and Northern Europe. Its main base was Ercan Airport, in the Turkish sector of Nicosia.
The airline was de jure registered as a Turkish company in Istanbul. Day-to-day operations were run from Ercan. All flights to Europe were required to make a stop at an airport in mainland Turkey.
Cyprus Turkish Airlines was established on 4 December 1974 in Nicosia, with shares equally divided between THY and the Cash Development of the Consolidated Fund of the Assembly of the Turkish Cypriot Community (Konsolide Fonu Inkisaf Sandigi). The first scheduled flight took place on 3 February 1975.
In 2005, the Turkish government sold its shares to Ada Havayollari.
On 21 June 2010, the airline announced via their website that they had ceased all operations until further notice. On 29 June 2010, it was announced that the airline had gone out of business.
||This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (July 2012)|
- 1975—First scheduled flight takes place on 3 February
- 1976—Airline begins leasing aircraft including DC-9s, Boeing 727-200s, and Boeing 720s
- Sales office opens in Kyrenia
- 1977—Company registered in Istanbul, Turkey
- 1981—Scheduled flights to London begin
- 1990—Two 727-200s purchased
- 1991—Ground operations staff and cockpit / cabin crew employed[clarification needed]
- 2000—Airline begins leasing two Boeing 737-800s long-term
- 2002—Upon completion of technical flight hours, all four 727-200s are grounded and sold
- 2004—Airline begins leasing three Airbus A321-200s long-term
- In-flight magazine Caretta re-introduced
- 2006—ISO 9001-2000 Quality Control System certificate obtained in April
- 2007—Cyprus Airport Services formed, following on from KTHY's partnership with HAVAŞ
- 2008—Male cabin staff added
- 2009—First scheduled flight to Scandinavia on 7 February, to Helsinki
- 2010—Operations cease on 21 June
- Bankruptcy declared on 19 September
As of 13 March 2010, the Cyprus Turkish Airlines fleet consisted of the following aircraft:
|Airbus A320-232||1||180||Operated by Turkuaz Airlines|
|Airbus A321-211||2||209||1 operated by AtlasJet|
As of 14 March 2010, the average age of the fleet was 6.5 years. According to the Cyprus Observer, KTHY had planned to extend their fleet to 12 aircraft, to be in service by 2012 with the airline's updated livery.
Most of the fleet parked at Ercan overnight, but some aircraft overnighted at Turkish airports.
- 4 Boeing 727-200s
- 1 Boeing 737-200
- 1 Airbus A300B4 (leased from August to September 1996 from Holiday Air)
- 1 Airbus A310-200
- 1 Airbus A310-300
- 1 Airbus A320-231
- 2 Airbus A321-211s
- 1 McDonnell Douglas MD-81
- 1 McDonnell Douglas MD-82
- 2 McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30s
Cyprus Turkish Airlines offered only two classes:
- Economy: This class was offered on all of the new aircraft. Full meal or snack service was provided free of charge. In-flight entertainment was not offered.
- Economy Plus: This class was introduced after KTHY's elimination of Business and First Class services years earlier, due the grounding of its Airbus A310s and Boeing 727s.
In early 2008, the airline introduced an express check-in service at Ercan for passengers who were not checking any bags. There were separate express check-in counters for passengers with only carry-on luggage and for those without any luggage at all.
Frequent flyer programme
The airline had a "Special Passenger Programme for Frequent Flyers". Participants had priority for seat reservations and an extra baggage allowance, avoided waiting at check-in, and earned points redeemable for travel.
All Cyprus Turkish Airlines flight attendants were women until the start of the 2008 summer schedule in July, when the airline began using male flight attendants as well.
On 7 April 2010, starting at 6 a.m., Cyprus Turkish Airlines staff staged a six-hour wildcat strike that grounded all planes. Travellers to and from Northern Cyprus were distressed and severely inconvenienced. Communication from the airline to travelers about the delays was poor.
A monthly, in-flight magazine was produced for KTHY, titled Caretta. It generally contained information about Northern Cyprus such as cultural background, tourist destinations, and upcoming events. The magazine was also available on the airline's website.
On 30 March 1998, Mehmet Ertürk hijacked a KTHY flight from Ercan to Ankara, using a lighter designed to resemble a hand grenade. The plane landed safely in Ankara, and Ertürk was arrested.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 101.
- "Directory: World Airlines Part 2 (C-L)". Flight International: 31–80. 2009-04-07.
- "Cyprus Turkish Airlines deal was done before bids even opened". Cyprus Mail. 2010-06-11.
- "Legal Status". KTHY. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007.
- Cyprus Turkish Airlines Fleet
- Cyprus Turkish Airlines Fleet Age
- Cyprus Turkish Airlines current and historic Fleet
- "Frequent Flyer Programme". KTHY. Archived from the original on 24 January 2009.
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