||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Swedish Wikipedia. (May 2012)|
Life and work
Cyrillus Johansson was born in Gävle in 1884 where his father worked as a stonemason. He studied architecture at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, and he graduated in 1908. After his studies he moved to Stockholm to pursue his career as an architect.
Although productive as an architect already during the 1910s, he became renowned through his design for the main storage building for the liquor company Vin & Sprit, built 1920-24. This building effectively established Cyrillus Johansson as one of the most influential architects during the 1920s in Sweden, and he became one of the most prolific representatives of the so-called Nordic Classicism-movement. Other notable works from this period include the Museum of Värmland in Karlstad, a large office complex in central Stockholm (Swedish: Centrumhuset) and two large villas in Diplomatstaden in Stockholm.
Following the Stockholm Exhibition in 1930 and the advent of Functionalism, Cyrillus Johansson's aesthetic language fell out of favour with the broad architectural community in Sweden. Johansson himself considered the new ideas "a personal affront" and continued to pursue his personal architectural ideals. In the 1940s, as the functionalistic doctrines were softened somewhat and an economic crisis caused by the ongoing World War II prompted a revival for building in cheaper brick, arguably Johanssons favourite material, he experienced something of a comeback and was among other things commissioned with designing buildings for the Military Archives of Sweden and other military offices in Gärdet, Stockholm. During the 1950s, he was mainly engaged in church building (e.g., the church in Björneborg) and restoration.
Cyrillus Johansson preferred to work with brick, inspired to some extent by German Brick Expressionism, and to some extent by National Romanticism. As mentioned above, he also became a practitioner of what has been labelled Nordic Classicism in the 1920s, although he relied on historical references to earlier Swedish architecture to a perhaps greater extent than to continental Classical architecture. Strong influences from Japanese and Chinese Architecture together with various personal forms of expressions however often add a distinct character to his buildings.
In addition to highly prestigious commissions such as grand villas and office complexes, Johansson also worked with Industrial architecture and the like, providing designs also for bridges, water towers and factories, among other things.
Museum of Värmland (Swedish: Värmlands museum}), Karlstad, 1929
Church on Stora Essingen, Stockholm, 1959
- Media related to Cyrillus Johansson at Wikimedia Commons