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Cyttaria from Chile growing in a tree branch
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Leotiomycetes
Order: Cyttariales
Family: Cyttariaceae
Genus: Cyttaria
Type species
Cyttaria darwinii

C. berteroi
C. darwinii
C. espinosae
C. gunnii
C. harioti
C. nigra

Cyttaria is a genus of ascomycete fungi. About 10 species belong to Cyttaria, found in South America and Australia associated with or growing on southern beech trees from the genus Nothofagus.[1] The llao llao fungus Cyttaria hariotii, one of the most common fungi in Andean-Patagonian forests,[2] has been shown to harbor the yeast Saccharomyces eubayanus which may be source of the lager yeast S. pastorianus' cold-tolerance.[3]


  1. ^ Kirk MP, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi. 10th edition. Wallingford: CABI. p. 192. ISBN 0-85199-826-7. 
  2. ^ Gamundi, I.J & E. Horak (1995) Fungi of the Andean-Patagonian Forests. Vazquez Mazzini Editores, Buenos Aires. 141 pp. ISBN 9509906379
  3. ^ Libkind, D.; Hittinger, C. T.; Valerio, E.; Goncalves, C.; Dover, J.; Johnston, M.; Goncalves, P.; Sampaio, J. P. (August 2011). "Microbe domestication and the identification of the wild genetic stock of lager-brewing yeast". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (35): 14539–44. doi:10.1073/pnas.1105430108. PMC 3167505. PMID 21873232. 

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