Czarnków

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see Czarnków (disambiguation).
Czarnków
View of the Old town
View of the Old town
Coat of arms of Czarnków
Coat of arms
Czarnków is located in Poland
Czarnków
Czarnków
Coordinates: 52°54′N 16°34′E / 52.900°N 16.567°E / 52.900; 16.567
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Greater Poland
County Czarnków-Trzcianka
Gmina Czarnków (urban gmina)
Area
 • Total 9.7 km2 (3.7 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 11,356
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Postal code 64-700
Website http://www.czarnkow.pl

Czarnków [ˈt͡ʂarŋkuf] (German: until 1940: Czarnikau, between 1940-1945: Scharnikau) is a town in Poland in Czarnków-Trzcianka County in Greater Poland Voivodeship, previously in Piła Voivodeship (1975-1998). It has 12,000 inhabitants.

The town lies on the Noteć river. Because there are many hills around the town, the area is called Szwajcaria Czarnkowska ("Czarnków's Switzerland").

History[edit]

First time noted in early 12th century in Gallus Anonymus Chronicle. At this time Czarnków was grad of pagan Pomeranians and was ruled by local Pomeranian ruler Gniewomir. It was conquered by Polish prince Bolesław III Wrymouth in 1108. From 1244 until 1407 Czarnków was the seat of a castellany. From early 14th until the middle of the 17th century Czarnków was in the hands of the noble family of Nałęcz (they changed name for "Czarnkowski"). The Czarnkowski family build a new castle (first time noted 1331 and destroyed at the end of the 17th century) and established before 1369 town privileges. From 1772-1919 the town belonged to the Kingdom of Prussia and Imperial Germany.

After World War I the town became part of the Second Polish Republic and lay on the German-Polish border. The western part of the town remained within Weimar Germany and was renamed "Deutsch Czarnikau" in 1920 and "Scharnikau" in 1937

Historical attractions[edit]

People[edit]

International relations[edit]

District municipal offices in Czarnków

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Czarnków is twinned with:

Coordinates: 52°54′N 16°34′E / 52.900°N 16.567°E / 52.900; 16.567

References[edit]