Czech 2. Liga
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Promotion to||Gambrinus liga|
|Domestic cup(s)||Czech Cup|
|Current champions||1. SC Znojmo|
|Most championships||Bohemians 1905 (2 titles)
FC Hradec Králové (2 titles)
|2013–14 Czech 2. Liga|
The 2. liga or Druhá liga (since 2013 known as the Fotbalová národní liga; FNL - "National Football League") is the lower tier of the two professional football leagues in the Czech Republic. The top two teams are promoted to the Gambrinus liga.
The league replaced the I.ČNL (I. Česká národni liga; First Czech National League), which had been established following the end of the nationwide Czechoslovak Second League in 1977. The league became known as simply II. liga (Second League) in 1993 following the establishment of the Czech Republic as an independent state.
There are 16 clubs in the Czech 2. Liga. During the season, which runs from August to May, with a winter break between November and February, each club plays each of the other clubs twice (once at home, once away) and is awarded three points for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. From these points a league table is constructed.
Teams are ranked by total points; in the case of two or more teams finishing with equal points, the head-to-head record between the teams is used for ranking, counting points in relevant games, then goal difference and then goals scored. At the end of each season the top two teams are promoted to the Gambrinus liga and are replaced by the two teams that finished bottom of that division.
Similarly the two teams that finished at the bottom of the Czech 2. Liga are relegated to either the Bohemian Football League or the Moravian–Silesian Football League, based on geographical criteria. In turn, the champions of each of these regional divisions are promoted to the Czech 2. Liga.
In the 1993–94 season the league was played with 16 teams, before expanding to 18 teams in the 1994–95 season. Since 1995, the league has always been played with 16 teams, but on two occasions a team did not fulfil its fixtures and the full 30 rounds were not completed. Firstly in the 1997–98 Czech 2. Liga as Ústí nad Labem did not fulfil their fixtures and their results were cancelled, and secondly in the 2004–05 Czech 2. Liga as Bohemians' results were expunged after playing only the first half of the season.
Participating teams in 2013–14
The following 16 clubs are competing in the 2013–14 Czech 2. Liga.
|Bohemians Prague||Prague||Stadion SK Prosek||11th|
|České Budějovice||České Budějovice||Stadion Střelecký ostrov||6,681||15th in Gambrinus Liga|
|Frýdek-Místek||Frýdek-Místek||Stovky||12,400||2nd in MSFL|
|Hradec Králové||Hradec Králové||Všesportovní stadion||7,220||16th in Gambrinus Liga|
|Karviná||Karviná||Městský stadion (Karviná)||8,000||9th|
|Most||Most||Fotbalový stadion Josefa Masopusta||7,500||14th|
|Sokolov||Sokolov||Stadion FK Baník Sokolov||5,000||4th|
|Táborsko||Tábor||Sportovní areál Soukeník||900||12th|
|Třinec||Třinec||Stadion Rudolfa Labaje||2,200||1st in MSFL|
|Ústí nad Labem||Ústí nad Labem||Městský stadion (Ústí nad Labem)||3,000||10th|
|Varnsdorf||Varnsdorf||Městský stadion v Kotlině||900||5th|
|Viktoria Žižkov||Prague||FK Viktoria Stadion||5,600||8th|
|Vlašim||Vlašim||Stadion Kollárova ulice||6,000||13th|
|Vltavín||Prague||Stadion na Plynárně||1,500||1st in ČFL|
Druhá liga champions
Teams promoted to the Gambrinus liga since 1993
- 1993: Viktoria Žižkov, Petra Drnovice, Viktoria Plzeň, Union Cheb, Slovan Liberec, Svit Zlín [nb 1]
- 1994: Sklobižu Jablonec nad Nisou, Švarc Benešov
- 1995: Uherské Hradiště, Ostroj Opava
- 1996: FC Karviná, FK Teplice, Bohemians Prague [nb 2]
- 1997: FC Dukla Příbram, AFK Atlantic Lázně Bohdaneč
- 1998: FK Chmel Blšany, FC Karviná
- 1999: Bohemians Prague, SK České Budějovice
- 2000: Synot Staré Město, FC Viktoria Plzeň
- 2001: FC Hradec Králové, SFC Opava
- 2002: SK Dynamo České Budějovice, FC Tescoma Zlín
- 2003: FC Viktoria Plzeň, SFC Opava
- 2004: FK Mladá Boleslav, FK Drnovice
- 2005: FK SIAD Most, FC Vysočina Jihlava, FC Viktoria Plzeň [nb 3]
- 2006: SK Kladno, SK Dynamo České Budějovice
- 2007: Viktoria Žižkov, Bohemians 1905
- 2008: Bohemians (Střížkov) Prague, FK Marila Příbram
- 2009: Bohemians 1905, 1. FC Slovácko [nb 4]
- 2010: FC Hradec Králové, FK Ústí nad Labem
- 2011: FK Dukla Prague, FK Viktoria Žižkov
- 2012: FC Vysočina Jihlava, FC Zbrojovka Brno [nb 5]
- 2013: 1. SC Znojmo, Bohemians 1905
|1994–95||Bedřich Hamsa||LeRK Brno||22|
|1996–97||Václav Koloušek||Dukla Prague||18|
|1998–99||Patrik Holomek||St. Město||18|
|1999–00||Vladimír Malár||St. Město||24|
|2000–01||Pavel Černý||Hradec Králové||17|
|2001–02||Radek Drulák||HFK Olomouc||16|
|Roman Bednár||Mladá Boleslav||10|
|Vojtěch Schulmeister||Sigma Olomouc B||10|
|2005–06||Petr Faldyna||Dynamo Č. Budějovice||19|
|2009–10||Pavel Černý||Hradec Králové||14|
|Dani Chigou||Dukla Prague||14|
|Karel Kroupa||Tescoma Zlín||14|
|2010–11||Dani Chigou||Dukla Prague||19|
- Due to dissolution of Czechoslovakia
- Union Cheb was relegated due to bankruptcy
- Drnovice were refused a Gambrinus liga license so Plzeň were promoted to replace them
- Čáslav wasn't able to play 1st liga due to financial problems.
- Ústí wasn't able to play 1st liga due to problems with their stadium
- Jeřábek, Luboš (2007). Ceský a ceskoslovenský fotbal - lexikon osobností a klubu (in Czech). Prague: Grada Publishing. pp. 34–35. ISBN 978-80-247-1656-5.
- "Czech Republic 1997/98". RSSSF. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "Bohemians přišli o licenci, ve 2. lize končí" (in Czech). iDNES.cz. 28 February 2005. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "Drnovice v první lize končí, na řadě je Plzeň" (in Czech). iDNES.cz. 14 June 2005. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Information on ČMFS website
- League321.com - Czech Republic football league tables, records & statistics database. (English)