Before 1918, both countries were part of Austria–Hungary, and between 1918 and December 31, 1992, both countries were part of Czechoslovakia. Both countries established diplomatic relations on January 1, 1993. The Czech Republic has an embassy in Bratislava and a consulate general in Košice. Slovakia has an embassy in Prague and a consulate general in Brno. These international relations are usually referred to or described as "very good", "cordial", and "above standard" in the media. When a Czech or Slovak president is inaugurated, very often his first international visit is to the former part of the common country. The same custom applies to newly elected prime ministers of Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union. Both countries share 197 km of common borders. There are around 200,000 people of Slovak descent living in the Czech Republic and around 46,000 people of Czech descent living in Slovakia. Gustáv Slamečka, a Slovak citizen, was a Minister of Transportation of The Czech Republic from 2009 to 2010 and in his office he used exclusively Slovak language.