Czech Braille

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Czech Braille
Slovak Braille
Tabulka breillova písma.jpg
Type
alphabet
Languages Czech
Parent systems
Braille
  • Czechoslovak Braille
    • Czech Braille
Print basis
Czech alphabet

Czech Braille is the braille alphabet of the Czech language. Like braille in other Latin-script languages, Czech Braille assigns the 25 basic Latin letters (not including "W") the same as Louis Braille's original assignments for French.

Czech Braille chart[edit]

With the exception of w, Czech follows international norms for the basic letters of the alphabet.

⠁ (braille pattern dots-1)
a, 1
⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)
á
⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
b, 2
⠉ (braille pattern dots-14)
c, 3
⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)
č
⠙ (braille pattern dots-145)
d, 4
⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)
ď
⠑ (braille pattern dots-15)
e, 5
⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)
é
⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)
ě
⠋ (braille pattern dots-124)
f, 6
⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245)
g, 7
⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)
h, 8
⠊ (braille pattern dots-24)
i, 9
⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
í
⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)
j, 0
⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
k
⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
l
⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)
m
⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)
n
⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)
ň
⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)
o
⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)
ó
⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)
p, %
⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345)
q
⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235)
r,
⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)
ř
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)
s
⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)
š
⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
t
⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256)
ť
⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)
u
⠬ (braille pattern dots-346)
ú, §
⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456)
ů
⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
v
⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356)
w
⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346)
x
⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)
y
⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346)
ý
⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)
z
⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)
ž
⠀ (braille pattern blank)
 
⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)
.
⠂ (braille pattern dots-2)
,
⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
:
⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)
;
⠤ (braille pattern dots-36)
- or
⠲ (braille pattern dots-256)
+
⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456)
/
⠢ (braille pattern dots-26)
?
⠖ (braille pattern dots-235)
!
⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)
"
⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)
(
⠴ (braille pattern dots-356)
)
⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)
*
⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)
⠸ (braille pattern dots-456)
|
⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)
(Cap)
⠰ (braille pattern dots-56)
(CAPS)
⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)
(l.c.)

For letters with diacritics, there are two common strategies: (1) a dot 6 may be added (á, č, ď), or (2) the letter is reversed (ň, ó, ř, š, ť, ú, ý, ž). The Czech braille letter ř is the international form for w, so w has been assigned an idiosyncratic form, which is the reverse of ů. Í is a stretched i. É and ě are not derived from e, but are the reverse of each other.

⠁ (braille pattern dots-1)
a
⠉ (braille pattern dots-14)
c
⠙ (braille pattern dots-145)
d
⠑ (braille pattern dots-15)
e
⠊ (braille pattern dots-24)
i
⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)
n
⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)
o
⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235)
r
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)
s
⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
t
⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)
u
⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
v
⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)
y
⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)
z
⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)
á
⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)
č
⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)
ď
⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)
é
⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)
ě
⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
í
⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)
ň
⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)
ó
⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)
ř
⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)
š
⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256)
ť
⠬ (braille pattern dots-346)
ú
⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456)
ů
⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356)
w
⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346)
ý
⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)
ž


The numerical prefix, , derives the second options in the table (the digits, %, ‰, §). indicates a capital letter, that a word is in all caps, and indicates lower case. There are also prefixes for small and capital Greek letters, and .

Slovak Braille[edit]

Slovak Braille is similar. Ô is equivalent to Czech Braille ů, and it doesn't have the letters ě or ř. In addition, there are four letters not found in Czech Braille:[1]

⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)
ä
⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)
ĺ
⠸ (braille pattern dots-456)
ľ
⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356)
ŕ

References[edit]

  1. ^ Slovenská Braillova abeceda, Únia nevidiacich a slabozrakých Slovenska