Czech legislative election, 2013

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Czech legislative election, 2013
Czech Republic
2010 ←
25–26 October 2013
→ Next

All 200 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
101 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Bohuslav Sobotka 2009.JPG Vojtech Filip full frontal.jpg
Leader Bohuslav Sobotka Andrej Babiš Vojtěch Filip
Party Social Democratic ANO Communist
Leader since 29 May 2010 1 August 2012 1 October 2005
Last election 56 seats, 22.08% Did not contest 26 seats, 11.27%
Seats won 50 47 33
Seat change Decrease6 Increase47 Increase7
Popular vote 1,016,829 927,240 741,044
Percentage 20.45% 18.65% 14.91%
Swing Decrease1.63% Increase18.65% Increase3.64%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Karl von Schwarzenberg.jpg Miroslava Němcová May 2013.JPG Svět knihy 2011 - Tomio Okamura.jpg
Leader Karel Schwarzenberg Miroslava Němcová Tomio Okamura
Party TOP 09 Civic Democratic Dawn
Leader since 11 June 2009 9 August 2013 May 2013
Last election 41 seats, 16.70% 53 seats, 20.22% Did not contest
Seats won 26 16 14
Seat change Decrease15 Decrease37 Increase14
Popular vote 596,357 384,174 342,339
Percentage 11.99% 7.72% 6.88%
Swing Decrease4.71% Decrease12.50% Increase6.88%

  Seventh party
  MG 0430a.jpg
Leader Pavel Bělobrádek
Party Christian Democratic
Leader since November 2010
Last election 0 seats, 4.39%
Seats won 14
Seat change Increase14
Popular vote 336,970
Percentage 6.78%
Swing Increase2.39%

Poslanecká sněmovna 2013.png

Winning party by district (Red: Communist, Orange: ČSSD, Blue: ANO 2011, Purple: TOP 09)

Prime Minister before election

Jiří Rusnok
Independent

Elected Prime Minister

Bohuslav Sobotka
Social Democratic

  ČSSD (50 seats)
  ANO 2011 (47 seats)
  KSČM (33 seats)
  TOP 09 (26 seats)
  ODS (16 seats)
  UPD (14 seats)
  KDU-ČSL (14 seats)

Early legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 25 and 26 October 2013, seven months before the constitutional expiry of the elected parliament's four year legislative term.

The government elected in May 2010 led by Prime Minister Petr Nečas was forced to resign on 17 June 2013, after a corruption and bribery scandal. A caretaker government led by Prime Minister Jiří Rusnok was then appointed by the President, but narrowly lost a vote of confidence on 7 August, leading to its resignation six days later.[1] The Chamber of Deputies then passed a motion dissolving itself on 20 August, with a call for new elections within 60 days after presidential assent.[2][3] The President gave his assent on 28 August, scheduling the elections for 25 and 26 October 2013.[4]

The two parties gaining the most seats were the Czech Social Democratic Party (50 seats) and the new party ANO 2011 (47 seats). The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia came third, with a 3.6% swing in its favour. The two parties from the previous coalition government who were contesting the election, TOP 09 and the Civic Democratic Party, both lost substantial numbers of seats, to come fourth and fifth, respectively. Two other parties gained seats, the new Dawn of Direct Democracy party and the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party.

Background[edit]

The previous election in May 2010, resulted in formation of the three party centre-right government ODS‑TOP09‑VV, representing 118 seats, and being led by Prime Minister Petr Nečas.

On 22 April 2012, after a split of Public Affairs (VV) over corruption accusations against the party leadership itself (especially Vít Bárta), the ruling coalition of Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and TOP 09 dissolved its coalition with Public Affairs, and it appeared as if early elections would be held in June 2012.[5] A breakaway fraction of Public Affairs led by Karolína Peake, was however shortly afterwards established as the party Liberal Democrats (LIDEM), who by effect entered and replaced VV in the three party government with ODS and TOP09. This slightly revised government constellation represented a total of 100 seats (ODS=51, TOP09=41, LIDEM=8), and as it also had additional backing from a group of independent MPs, it managed to win a subsequent vote of confidence on 27 April 2012, by 105 to 93 votes.[6][7]

On 17 June 2013, Prime Minister Petr Nečas resigned after a spying and corruption scandal. The leading opposition party, Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), demanded dissolving the Chamber of Deputies and a snap election,[8] while the ODS‑TOP09‑LIDEM coalition argued they could still muster a majority for the governments continuation under Miroslava Němcová (ODS) as new prime minister, which they proposed to the Czech President.[9] As per 25 June 2013, the previous government alliance however only represented 98 seats (ODS=50, TOP09=42, LIDEM=6), and was thus also dependent upon support from independent MPs.[10][11] In order to proof existence of majority for the ODS led coalition, it submitted 101 MP signatures of support to the president, which included two extra independents being part of the LIDEM parliamentary group and the independent Michal Doktor (a former ODS party member).[12] In this given situation, Czech President Miloš Zeman decided unprecedentedly not to adhere to any of the political requests, but instead to appoint a caretaker government which he calls "government of experts", while his critics describe it as "government of Zeman's friends", with Jiří Rusnok as new prime minister.[13][14][15] Former Prime Minister Jan Fischer was named as finance minister.[16] Zeman emphasized that if the caretaker government, against his believe, could not muster majority support in the constitutionally required vote of confidence, taking place after 30 days in office, then he would award a second attempt for government formation to the ODS led coalition, provided it could still submit at least 101 MP signatures of renewed support.[17]

On 7 August 2013, the caretaker government of Jiří Rusnok lost the constitutionally required vote of confidence in parliament by 93 to 100 votes, with 7 opting not to vote. A simple majority of voting legislators was required to unseat the government, and this move was supported by all MPs from ODS, TOP09 and LIDEM; except from two ODS MPs and Karolína Peake from LIDEM, who broke the party ranks by opting not to vote.[18] The two dissenting ODS MPs, who both lost their membership of the party few hours after the vote, reasoned their decision by stating they agreed with the analysis published by Prague's ODS councilor Tomáš Hrdlička, pointing out that if ODS wanted to win the municipal elections in 2014, it now needed some time in opposition to rebuild its moral integrity through some serious self-reflection, which included to "critically evaluate the errors of his governance, with particular emphasis on unmet or even broken election promises to voters (i.e. not to increase taxes)".[19]

Following the vote, Karolína Peake decided to resign as leader of LIDEM,[20][21] and TOP09 stated that due to a lack of sufficient absolute support for a potentially renewed ODS‑TOP09‑LIDEM government, reflected by that the three coalition parties only mustered 100 nay votes in the confidence vote (which came three short of absolute majority, when considering two of the nay votes had been submitted by NS-LEV 21 who wanted a ČSSD led government[22]), they would now drop their support for renewal of such government, and instead support an early election. The ČSSD and Communist Party (KSČM) did likewise support an early election.[23][24][25]

Though the constitution of the Czech Republic allows the president two chances to offer someone an opportunity to form a new government, there is no time limit. As such the current caretaker government could in theory, despite of having lost the confidence vote, be allowed by the president to continue in its interim capacity till the election day, which might only arrive by the end of the legislative term in May 2014 - unless the parliament decides to hold a snap election by dissolving itself.[25] Never-the-less, the caretaker government decided voluntarily to resign immediately on 13 August 2013. This prompted the parliament to convene on 20 August with the agenda to decide, if the next step shall be, to dissolve the parliament with a call for new elections within 60 days, or in the alternative, to request the president shall start his second and final attempt to form a new government.[1]

A vote was to take place at 14:00 on 20 August on dissolution of the parliament. The four parties (TOP 09, ČSSD, KSČM and VV[26]) who had stated to support this motion, together represented more than the requisite minimum of 120 seats, corresponding to a 60% constitutional majority as per article 35(2) in the Czech constitution,[27] being needed to pass the resolution.[28] The spokeswoman of the president stated that in case of parliament being dissolved, the president would most likely schedule this event to happen on 25-26 October 2013.[29] On 20 August, the parliament indeed voted to approve the motion about dissolving itself, decided by 140 in favour of the motion and seven against; thus resulting in a new election within 60 days after presidential assent.[3][2] The president gave his approving assent for the dissolution of the parliament on 28 August, and scheduled the elections for 25‑26 October 2013.[4]

The police investigation into the Petr Nečas cabinet spying scandal, is set to be concluded ahead of the election in October.[clarification needed][30]

Incumbent parliament[edit]

The box below shows the distribution of seats in the incumbent Chamber of Deputies on 20 August 2013, at the last working day before the parliament was dissolved.

Distribution of seats in Chamber of Deputies On 20 August 2013[3]
ČSSD Czech Social Democratic Party 54
ODS Civic Democratic Party 48
TOP09 TOP 09 42
KSČM Communist Party 26
VV Public Affairs 11
LIDEM Liberal Democrats 8*[10]
LEV 21 - NS LEV 21 – National Socialists (Jiří Paroubek and Petr Benda)[31] 2[10]
Úsvit Dawn of Direct Democracy[32] (Radim Fiala) 1[10]
PSZ Pro Sport and Health[33] (Josef Dobeš)[34] 1[35]
JIH 12 Jihočeši 2012[36] (South Bohemian Regional Party: Michal Doktor)[37] 1[38]
- Independents 6

* Three of these eight members (Martin Vacek, Radim Vysloužil, Jana Suchá) were however not members of the LIDEM party itself, but just collaborated with the LIDEM parliamentary group as independents.[39][40]

Campaign[edit]

  • ČSSD confirmed Bohuslav Sobotka as the party’s candidate for Prime Minister in the elections, and ruled out forming any government coalitions with either TOP09 or ODS. The Communist Party were not envisaged to be part of a new government either, but it was expected they would support any ČSSD-led government. If the party wins more than 33% of the votes, Sobotka said he can envision the creation of a ČSSD single-party minority government.[41] The party presented a 21-point campaign platform, which included: Higher taxes on businesses and gambling; income tax increased to 27-29% for people with monthly earnings above CZK 100,000; creation of new jobs; a minimum wage increase from 8.5 to 12 thousand CZK per month; pensions guaranteed to increase with inflation; the VAT for medicine - along with payment for doctor checks - should be removed; more police employed in high crime areas; and implementation of a new Civil Service Act.[42]
  • TOP 09 leader Karel Schwarzenberg said the main issue for his party during the campaign would be to campaign against Zeman and his abuse of the presidential power. He added: "At first, we wanted to launch a European election campaign, but now the defence of parliamentary democracy is the issue. In fact, the republic is the issue."[43] On 12 September, the party published its political campaign, which among its priorities included: Curbing the powers of the president; setting a time-frame for Euro adoption; boosting the role of education and culture in society; and encourage greater individual responsibility for living a healthy life.[44]
  • ODS is a right-wing party led by Miroslava Němcová. Its election manifesto was presented 11 September and targeted mainly middle class and young voters, with special support for under-30s to buy their first home and making it easier for them to start their own business.[45]
  • ODS renegades led by ODS MP Boris Šťastný invited the former Czech President and founder of ODS Václav Klaus to establish a new right-wing party based on the original ODS values, arguing it was important to present a serious right-wing alternative to ODS in the upcoming election. Šťastný stated: "I can no longer run for the party who left their ideas. Betrayed their voters by failing to comply with what they promised before the election, and none of leadership apologized for it or decided to change." He also argued that a true democratic party should allow its members free speech and expression of individual opinions, without excluding them from the party group, as had been the practice of ODS in the past few years. It was unclear if Klaus would accept his offer to establish such new political party, but if he did, several ODS renegades expressed they were ready to sign up and support it.[46][47] Klaus responded on 24 August that he seriously considered accepting a return to politics, and would decide in the next few days.[48] ODS MP Pavel Bém announced he would also join the group of ODS renegades, if it was being led by Klaus.[49] On 28 August, Klaus announced that he will not run in the 2013 election.[50] Nonetheless, the new party was announced two days later as participating in the upcoming elections under the name Cheer up - voting bloc (HV).
  • LIDEM deputy leader Dagmar Navratilova, stated her party will most likely try to form a partnership with another party for the early elections.[53][54][55] Former party leader Karolína Peake, confirmed she would continue being a party member, but recommended that the party should not participate in the upcoming parliamentary elections, but instead focus to do well and establish itself in next years municipal elections and the European Parliament election.[56] After three weeks consideration, the party made the decision not to participate in the parliamentary elections, but allow their members instead to run for the center-right party SSCR.[57]
  • Freeholders Party of Czech Republic (SSCR) is a conservative centre-right party led by Rostislav Senjuk, which was founded in 2008, and will participate in the upcoming elections independently in all 14 regions. Its election list will include members from other centre-right parties.[58] On 10 September it was confirmed LIDEM members will join the SSCR election lists. The main campaign point of the party, is a declaration that the progressive tax and levies are unacceptable as they punish greater diligence and ability of privately employed citizens.[59]
  • Public Affairs (VV) has decided not to participate in the upcoming general elections. Some of its MPs, such as de facto leader Vít Bárta, will instead be standing on the election lists for the new Dawn party.[60][61] This decision caused a split in the party's leadership, with three VV MPs - including vice president Michal Babák - deciding not to take part in such merger for the general elections and opting to resign from their party positions in protest. The three resigned VV MPs, announced they would continue being members of the party, but now focused only to run for VV in next years municipal elections and regional elections.[62]
  • Dawn leader Tomio Okamura, announced his party would be running the election independently in all regions, funded by his personal money. He stated it was not precluded that candidates from Public Affairs and other organisations could join his candidate lists, if they shared the values of his party.[63] One of the party candidates, is the former ODS MP Radim Fiala. On top of its election campaign stands: Introduction of a presidential system of government, a responsible political system, social benefits only for those “who live an upright life”, stricter immigration policies, and to lower the VAT.[64]
  • Pro Sport and Health (PSZ) leader Josef Dobeš, has started negotiations for his party to join the election lists of the Party of Civic Rights – Zemanovci (SPOZ). The main political objective of PSZ, is to promote greater funding for sporting activities.[65] On 3 September, Dobeš announced he had resigned as chairman of PSZ, and that its committee had approved his proposal for the entire party to join SPOZ in the upcoming general elections.[66]
  • Party of Civic Rights – Zemanovci (SPOZ) is being led by Zdeněk Štengl, and was founded in October 2009 by the former leader of ČSSD Miloš Zeman, as a new alternative social-democratic party to ČSSD. When Zeman was elected as Czech President in January 2013, he made a pledge not to interfere in party politics while serving the office, but SPOZ never-the-less still decided to use his name and political support actively in their electional campaign.[67]
  • LEV 21 – National Socialists (LEV 21-NS) was founded in October 2011, and is being led by the former leader of ČSSD Jiří Paroubek in conjunction with another former ČSSD MP Petr Benda. They present themselves to be a more serious and professional variant of ČSSD and SPOZ. In comparison with ČSSD, the LEV 21-NS party argue the public investments should be increased even more. On 1 September they presented a 20-point political program which included: Fight against political corruption with confiscation of illegal acquired assets; Change the procurement system to block the emergence of bribery and overpricing; Create new jobs through increased private and public investment; Restore indexation of pensions and wages of public employees; Lower prices for public services (water and sewerage, energy, banking fees, telephone and internet); Fight against economic crime; Implement a new Civil Service Act to combat political interference; Health care should be free of charge; Retirement age for people working in the toughest jobs should be lowered; Restoration of communal housing, social housing and cooperative housing; Accelerate the development of economically challenged regions, districts and localities to prevent social exclusion; Creation of municipal enterprises for the direct participation of citizens (for example on a cooperative basis); Improve living conditions for single parents, disabled persons and ensure proper protection of minorities; Zero VAT rate for children's shoes, clothing and books; Increase the corporate tax rate and the taxes on financial transactions, and restore the dividend tax; Promotion of sport at the youth and professional level; Adopt new laws that ensure more direct democracy through national referendums, and direct election of governors and mayors.[68] In protest against not getting enough media coverage relative to the party's voter support according to SANEP polls, Jiří Paroubek decided on 13 September to withdraw his deputy candidature, while emphasizing LEV 21 would still participate in the elections with his full support - just with other candidates than himself.[69][70]
  • ANO 2011 leader Andrej Babiš stated the party will publish its political program by the end of August, and announced the party will run for election in all regions. The program will focus on fighting unemployment, improve the transport infrastructure, and abolition of the immunity and equity returns for politicians and their closest family members. Ideologically the party is placed at the center-right, share political similarities with KDU–ČSL, and only excludes any political collaboration with the Communist Party (KSČM).[71]
  • Pirates announced they will focus on three basic topics: free access to informations, democratic reform of the state and society of education. They intend to elect new chairman and publish complete program on 7 September.
  • Roma Democratic Party (RDS), is a new strongly left-wing party led by Miroslav Tancoš. The party was founded in August 2013, in order to give the 250,000 Czech Romanies - equal to 2.5% of the Czech population - a political voice. Their political program focus to promote the interests of the poor and needing part of the Roma community, in particular they want to improve the support for single mothers, pensioners, the ill, the unemployed, and ensure Roma children gets equal access for education in elementary schools. As of 3 September, the party had gathered enough candidates to run in 4 regions, and through advertisement for additional candidates they still hoped being able to run in all of the 14 Czech regions.[75] Tancoš stated the party was not only working to improve conditions for the Roman minority, but emphasized they also wanted to work actively to help find solutions to the political and economic problems facing the Czech Republic.[76]

Opinion polls[edit]

Published Company ČSSD ODS TOP 09
STAN
KSČM ÚSVIT
(VV)
KDU
ČSL
SPOZ HV SZ DSSS PIRÁTI ANO 2011 others turnout
29 May 2010 Previous election 22.08 20.22 16.70 11.27 10.88 4.39 4.33 3.67 2.44 1.14 0.80 - 2.85 62.6
10 September 2013[78] TNS Aisa 28.0 9.5 13.0 15.5 5.5 4.5 5.5 <2 5.0 2.0 7.0 4.5
11 September 2013[79] Médea 27.4 9.9 10.2 15.7 9.1 4.7 4.1 1.6 3.2 2.0 13.1 1.0 70.0
12 September 2013[80] Sanep 26.2 9.9 13.9 16.2 3.7 5.2 6.9 3.3 6.1 9.8 56.2
16 September 2013[81] STEM 30.0 11.0 12.0 15.0 2.3 5.5 7.4 1.0 2.7 1.3 7.7 3.3 59.0
19 September 2013[82] ppm factum 26.2 8.0 13.8 16.7 2.5 6.7 5.1 1.7 2.3 10.9 6.1 52.7
24 September 2013[82] CVVM 30.5 7.0 12.5 19.5 2.5 4.5 5.5 2.0 14.0 2.0 62.0
26 September 2013[83] TNS Aisa 29.0 9.0 10.5 14.5 5.0 5.5 4.0 3.0 11.0 8.0
27 September 2013[84] STEM 28.0 12.5 11.0 17.0 2.5 5.5 5.5 1.0 3.3 10.0 4.1 65.0
6 October 2013[85] TNS Aisa 29.0 8.5 9.5 11.0 4.5 6.5 5.0 3.5 13.0 9.5
13 October 2013[86] TNS Aisa 28.5 6.5 11.0 12.5 5.0 6.0 4.5 3.5 2.0 12.5 8.0
14 October 2013[87] ppm factum 22.8 7.2 13.2 17.1 3.7 5.9 4.7 <2 3.7 <2 <2 12.1 9.6 62.6
16 October 2013[88] Médea 22.2 5.5 9.6 11.8 8.2 6.2 3.7 2.9 2.3 3.1 16.9 7.7 71.0
18 October 2013[89] STEM 25.9 8.6 11.5 13.3 5.9 4.5 2.6 1.0 2.6 0.7 3.1 16.1 4.2 67.0
19 October 2013[90] Median 25.5 8.0 13.0 16.0 4.0 6.0 5.0 3.0 2.0 13.0 2.0 60.0
20 October 2013[91] TNS Aisa 23.0 7.0 10.5 14.0 6.0 6.0 4.0 3.0 2.5 16.0 8.0
21 October 2013[92] CVVM 26.0 6.5 9.0 18.0 5.0 5.0 3.5 2.0 2.5 16.5 6.0 63.0
21 October 2013[93] Sanep 23.8 7.5 11.9 16.9 5.3 5.7 5.2 3.5 3.1 11.6 5.5 59.3

Previous polls[edit]

Opininon polls (indications of smaller parties can be inaccurate as the average is counted only from surveys reporting those parties)
  • Note on varying poll methodology: STEM records all responses (including undecided, won't vote) to percentage. The figures in table are adjusted to correspond with other surveys excluding those undecided or abstaining.

Predictions of seats[edit]

Seat prediction for Czech parliamentary election for KSČM (red), ČSSD (orange), SZ (green), SPOZ (pink), VV (light blue), KDU-ČSL (yellow), ODS (blue), TOP 09 (purple)

Conduct of the election[edit]

According to a random draw carried out by the State Election Committee, the Czechs voting abroad, due to a lack of permanent residency in this country, will be choosing from candidates running in the Central Bohemian Region. This is a change from the last two general elections, where the random draw selected the South Bohemian Region to be open for votes from abroad.[239]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) 1,016,829 20.46 –1.62 50 –6
ANO 2011 927,240 18.66 New 47 New
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) 741,044 14.91 +3.64 33 +7
TOP 09 596,357 12.00 –4.70 26 –15
Civic Democratic Party (ODS) 384,174 7.73 –12.50 16 –37
Dawn of Direct Democracy (ÚSVIT) 342,339 6.89 New 14 New
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL) 336,970 6.78 +2.39 14 +14
Green Party (SZ) 159,025 3.20 +0.74 0 0
Czech Pirate Party (PIRÁTI) 132,417 2.66 +1.86 0 0
Party of Free Citizens (SVOBODNÍ) 122,564 2.47 +1.75 0 0
Party of Civic Rights – Zemanovci (SPOZ) 75,113 1.51 –2.82 0 0
Workers' Party of Social Justice (DSSS) 42,906 0.86 –0.24 0 0
Political Change Movement (Změna) 28,592 0.58 New 0 New
Cheer up - voting bloc (HV) 21,241 0.43 New 0 New
Sovereignty - common sense party (SSZR) 13,538 0.27 –3.40 0 0
Freeholders Party of Czech Republic (SSCR) 13,041 0.26 New 0 New
The Crown of Bohemia (KČ) 8,932 0.18 +0.11 0 0
LEV 21 – National Socialists (LEV 21-NS) 3,843 0.08 New 0 New
Active independent citizens (ANEO) 1,237 0.02 New 0 New
Vote for Right Block www.cibulka.net (PB) 1,225 0.02 New 0 0
Roma Democratic Party (RDS) 609 0.01 New 0 New
CITIZENS 2011 (OBČANÉ 2011) 455 0.01 New 0 New
Club of Committed Non-Party Members (KAN) 293 0.00 +0.00 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 37,228
Total 5,007,212 100 200 0
Registered voters/turnout 8,424,227 59.48
Source: Volby.cz
Popular vote
ČSSD
  
20.46%
ANO
  
18.66%
KSČM
  
14.91%
TOP 09
  
12.00%
ODS
  
7.73%
ÚSVIT
  
6.89%
KDU-ČSL
  
6.78%
SZ
  
3.20%
PIRÁTI
  
2.66%
SVOBODNÍ
  
2.47%
SPOZ
  
1.51%
Others
  
2.73%

Government formation[edit]

The Social Democrats have said they are open to talking to all parties about the formation of a government.[240] ANO leader Babis said he could conceive of supporting a Social Democrat-led government (either a coalition with the Social Democrats, ANO and ODS, or ANO staying in opposition but agreeing to supporting a minority government led by the Social Democrats), but that this is not his priority and he opposes the Social Democrats' proposals for tax increases. He also indicated that he would seek to be Minister of Finance in any coalition cabinet.[241]

Immediately after the elections, two unofficial factions arose in the ČSSD,[citation needed] one supporting present chairman Bohuslav Sobotka and the other being led by Michal Hašek, ČSSD's leader in Moravia. Hasek, with support from president Miloš Zeman, issued a statement calling for Bohuslav Sobotka to resign his post as party chairman. ČSSD's leadership have already appointed Hašek as the lead negotiator in coalition talks due to take place with other parties. Only a few days previously, Michal Hašek had proclaimed his loyalty to Sobotka, and acknowledged him as the only leader of ČSSD. ČSSD members have organized meetings and rallies against Hašek, and Sobotka has compared Hašek to Fierlinger, ČSSD's pro-Communist leader from 1948 who forced the party to collaborate with the Communist regime.[242][243] Sobotka has the support of Jiří Dienstbier Jr., the party's most recent presidential candidate, while Hašek has the support of prominent party figures Jeroným Tejc and Lubomír Zaoralek.[citation needed] According to opinion polls, the situation is perceived by the public as an attempted leadership coup.[citation needed] Later, Hašek and his allies, because of popular and party support for Bohuslav Sobotka, resigned on many positions and lost much influence within the ČSSD. A new negotiation government-formation team has been created, led by Bohuslav Sobotka, in order to negotiate with ANO and KDU-ČSL.[citation needed]

On 11 November, the Social Democrats began coalition talks with ANO and Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People Party. All of these parties agreed on progressive taxation, abolition of past government social reforms and a law about property origin. However, the Social democrats still disagree with KDU-ČSL concerning church restitutions.[244][245]

In late December, leaders of ČSSD, ANO and KDU-ČSL announced that they had agreed on a coalition government. The coalition agreement was signed on 6 January 2014. ČSSD, ANO and KDU-ČSL also presented a list of ministers.[246] ČSSD have eight ministries, ANO seven ministries and KDU-ČSL three ministries. The leader of ČSSD, Bohuslav Sobotka, will be prime minister. The leader of ANO, Andrej Babiš, will be deputy prime minister and minister of finance. The leader of KDU-ČSL, Pavel Bělobrádek will be second deputy Prime Minister.[247] Bohuslav Sobotka's Cabinet was sworn in on 29 January 2014.

References[edit]

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  7. ^ "105 : 93. Nečasova vláda přežila - a reformy s ní" (in Czech). Týden. 27 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "ČSSD chce předčasné volby, shání poslance pro rozpuštění Sněmovny" (in Czech). České noviny (ČTK). 22 June 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Civic Democrats agree on Němcová as their candidate for prime minister". Prague Daily Monitor. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Analýza: Nerozhodnutí zůstávají čtyři poslanci. Vláda přežije i tak. [Analysis: Four MPs remain undecided. The government will survive.]" (in Czech). Tyden.ch. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
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External links[edit]