The Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences was established in 1953 to be the scientific center for Czechoslovakia. It was succeeded by the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic in 1992.
The Royal Czech Society of Sciences, which encompassed both the humanities and the natural sciences, was established in the Czech Crown lands in 1784. After the totalitarian Communist regime came to power in Czechoslovakia in 1948, all scientific, non-university institutions and learned societies were dissolved and, in their place, the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences was founded. It comprised both a complex of research institutes and a learned society. The Academy was subjected to heavy ideological pressure until the fall of the Communist regime in 1989. In 1992, the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic was established by Act No. 283/1992.
Academy Notables 
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