|Directed by||Denis Sanders and Robert M. Fresco|
|Music by||Charles Bernstein|
|Edited by||Marvin Wallowitz|
|A Film by Sanders/Fresco film makers
Robert M. Fresco
|Distributed by||Ocean Releasing|
Czechoslovakia 1968 is a 1969 short documentary film about the "Prague Spring", the Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia. The film was produced by the United States Information Agency under the direction of Robert M. Fresco and Denis Sanders and features the graphic design of Norman Gollin.
It won the Academy Award for Documentary Short Subject and in 1997, was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress having been identified as "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
In 1972, Senator James L. Buckley (New York) obtained a copy of Czechoslovakia 1968 to show on New York television stations. The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, J. William Fulbright, objected to the broadcast based on an interpretation of the Smith-Mundt Act, which would prohibit the domestic dissemination of material produced by the U.S. Information Agency (USIA). Fulbright complained to the Attorney General, but the Justice Department refused to intervene based on the interpretation of existing U.S. law. In 1972, Congress amended the Smith-Mundt Act, based on this event, to explicitly prohibit the domestic dissemination of materials produced by the USIA. The USIA was abolished in 1998.
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