John Paul II Square
|• Mayor||Marian Błachut|
|• Total||32.98 km2 (12.73 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||43-502, 43-503, 43-500|
Czechowice-Dziedzice [t͡ʂɛxɔˈvit͡sɛ d͡ʑɛˈd͡ʑit͡sɛ] ( ) is a town in Bielsko County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland with 35,498 inhabitants (2012). It lies on the northeastern edge of the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia. With four stations, it is a large rail junction, located at the intersection of two major lines - east-west (Trzebinia - Zebrzydowice), and north - south (Katowice - Bielsko-Biala).
The village of Czechowice was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as two settlements: Chotowitz theuthonico and Chotowitz polonico. Chotowitz theutonico (German Czechowice) was presumably established under German rights (iure theuthonico) on the ground of the older Chotowitz polonico, which was continuously rulling itself under Polish traditional rights (iure polonico). The declared size of tithe paid by villagers was also suggesting that it was an old and quite developed settlement. It belonged then to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290, since 1327 a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia. In 1430 the village was first mentioned under the current name of Czechowice rather than Chatowice. Dziedzice was first mentioned in 1465. The other medieval village that was later absorbed by Czechowice was Żebracz, first mentioned in 1443.
In 1855 a local line of the important Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway was opened to traffic with a station in Dziedzice. This led to a rapid industrialization of Dziedzice and Czechowice, especially in the late 19th century.
During the Oil Campaign of World War II, the oil refinery at "Czechowice" was bombed on August 20, 1944. The Tschechowitz I & II subcamps of Auschwitz in Czechowice-Dziedzice provided forced labor for the SOCONY-Vacuum oil plant.
In 1951 Dziedzice were submerged into Czechowice, concurrently the expanded gmina was given town rights. However the name of the new town was Czechowice, which disappointed the citizens of Dziedzice. After complaints in 1958 the town was given the name of Czechowice-Dziedzice.
From 1975 to 1998 it was located in the Katowice Voivodeship, and since 1999 in Silesian Voivodeship.
Twin towns - Sister cities
- Łomża in Poland
- Hiddenhausen in Germany
- Orlová (Orłowa) in Czech Republic
- Slonim in Belarus
- Žilina in Slovakia 
- Urząd Miejski w Czechowicach-Dziedzicach: Rozwój miasta
- Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5.
- I. Panic, 2010, p. 401
- I. Panic, 2010, p. 402
- I. Panic, 2010, p. 313
- "Registrum denarii sancti Petri in archidiaconatu Opoliensi sub anno domini MCCCCXLVII per dominum Nicolaum Wolff decretorum doctorem, archidiaconum Opoliensem, ex commissione reverendi in Christo patris ac domini Conradi episcopi Wratislaviensis, sedis apostolice collectoris, collecti". Zeitschrift des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens (in German) (Breslau: H. Markgraf) 27: 361–372. 1893. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Sub-Camps of Auschwitz Concentration Camp". Auschwitz-Birkenau: Memorial and Museum. auschwitz.org.pl. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
- Rozporządzenie Prezesa Rady Ministrów z dnia 14 grudnia 1950 r. w sprawie zniesienia gminy Dziedzice, zmiany granic niektórych gmin oraz nadania ustroju miejskiego gminie Czechowice., Dz. U. z 1950 r. Nr 57, poz. 514
- Zarządzenie nr 231 Prezesa Rady Ministrów z dnia 13 listopada 1958 r. w sprawie zmiany nazw niektórych miejscowości w województwach katowickim, poznańskim, wrocławskim i lubelskim., M.P. z 1958 r. Nr 89, poz. 496
- "Žilina - oficiálne stránky mesta: Partnerské mestá Žiliny [Žilina: Official Partner Cities]". 2008 MaM Multimedia, s.r.o. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
- (Polish) Czechowice - Dziedzice on the web
- Jewish Community in Czechowice-Dziedzice on Virtual Shtetl
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