Czernowitz Synagogue

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Coordinates: 48°17′35″N 25°55′59″E / 48.29317°N 25.93298°E / 48.29317; 25.93298

An early 20th-century postcard depicting the Czernowitz Synagogue

The Czernowitz Synagogue was a domed, Moorish Revival synagogue built in 1873 in Czernowitz, Austria-Hungary (today Chernivtsi, Ukraine). The synagogue was closed in 1940 and serves as a movie theater today.

History[edit]

The original building was designed by architect Julian Zachariewicz (1873–78).[1]

Movie theater "Chernivtsi"

The synagogue was confiscated and closed by the Soviet government after annexing Northern Bukovina and its largest city, Czernowitz, from Romania in 1940. The building was burned by German and Romanian soldiers in 1941, after Nazi-allied Romania retook the city. After World War II the Soviet authorities tried to blow up the destroyed temple, but the building survived.[citation needed] In 1959, the outer walls were used to partially reconstruct the building for use as a movie theater that was named "Zhovten" (in honor of the October Revolution). The building lost its dome and retains very little of its former appearance. After the fall of the Soviet Union the theater lost its Soviet name and was renamed "Chernivtsi".[1]

Joseph Schmidt sang in the choir as a boy and served as cantor as an adult.

Other Synagogues in Chernivtsi[edit]

On September 25, 2001, a synagogue was opened in Chernovtsy. The Sadovsky Street Synagogue, closed by the Soviet Regime, was renovated, reopened, and also serves the Jewish Community Center.[2]

Image Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]