Czesław Niemen (Celebrity Alley, Kielce)
|Birth name||Czesław Juliusz Wydrzycki|
February 16, 1939|
in Stare Wasiliszki, Nowogródek Voivodeship, Poland (now Belarus)
|Died||January 17, 2004
in Warsaw, Poland
|Genres||Rock & roll, psychedelic rock, progressive rock, folk music, avant-garde jazz, electronic music|
|Occupations||Singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, poet|
|Instruments||Multi-instrumentalist (mostly electronic instruments and keyboards)|
|Associated acts||Niebiesko-Czarni, Andrzej Kurylewicz|
|Website||Niemen at polishmusic.ca|
Czesław Niemen (Polish pronunciation: [t͡ʂɛswaf ɲemɛn]; February 16, 1939 – January 17, 2004), real name Czesław Juliusz Wydrzycki, was one of the most important and original Polish singer-songwriters and rock balladeers of the last quarter-century, singing mainly in Polish.
Niemen was born in Stare Wasiliszki in the Nowogródek Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic (now in the Grodno Region of Belarus). Czesław Niemen belonged to a huge, strongly self-identified and culturally influential community of Poles, living outside the eastern borders of contemporary Poland, on the eastern lands of the historical Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (called 'Kresy' in Polish). In the dawn of World War II these lands were annexed by the Soviet Union and later became inter alia, a part of Belorussian SSR, according to Europe's post-war "reorganization" performed during the Yalta Conference. In the 1950s Niemen was allowed to move to Poland as one of many Poles embodied by the so-called Second Repatriation.
In 1964 at Congress Hall, Warsaw, Niemen together with his group played as a support act to Marlene Dietrich in concert. She heard his song "Czy mnie jeszcze pamiętasz" ("Do you still remember me?") there. She enjoyed it so much and soon recorded her own version of it "Mutter, Hast du Mir Vergeben" ("Mother, have you forgiven me?") writing her own lyrics for the song.
Soon after his first successful concerts in France, he started to use the pseudonym Niemen instead of his real name, gaining wider notoriety in Poland and making it easier to pronounce by foreigners (Niemen is a Polish pronunciation for the Neman River and in this way he wanted to mark his birth country). His song of 1967, "Dziwny jest ten świat" (Strange Is This World) is commonly acknowledged to be the most important Polish protest song of that era (in 1972 an English version was also recorded). The song was influenced by the American blues tradition. He was one of the first Polish performers to wear long hair and colourful clothes and introducing the style of psychedelia to communist Poland, which annoyed the officials. The first three LP album's Niemen recorded with his band "Akwarele" (Watercolours). Subsequently, he recorded with his other new bands: "Enigmatic", "Grupa Niemen" and "Aerolit". In 1969 he changed musical style to progressive rock while recording the monumental album Enigmatic. The most notable song from it was "Bema pamięci żałobny rapsod" (A Mournful Rhapsody in Memory of Józef Bem), based on the 19th century poem by Cyprian Kamil Norwid. The rest of Enigmatic songs were also in sung poetry form. Niemen played Hammond organ, later mellotron and Moog synthesizer on his records.
In the early 1970s, Niemen recorded three English language albums under the CBS label. In 1974 he recorded Mourner's Rhapsody with Jan Hammer and Rick Laird from Mahavishnu Orchestra. In the seventies, Niemen turned to jazz-rock fusion and electronic music (Katharsis album). In 1972 he also contributed with a song performed by him in "Wesele" (The Wedding (1972 film)) by director Andrzej Wajda, laureate of an honorary Oscar. Later, Niemen also composed film soundtracks and theater music. In the 1990s he showed interest in art, painting and computer graphics. He died of cancer in Warsaw.
Awards and recognitions
Niemen won the Sopot International Song Festival in 1979.
Niemen's support bands
Niemen cooperated with the following bands; some of them were support musicians, while others were independent bands: "Akwarele" ("Watercolours"), "I Niemen" ("And Niemen") (1969–1970), also under the name "Niemen Enigmatic"), "Grupa Niemen" (made of the members of Silesian Blues Band), Niebiesko-Czarni, "Aerolit", female vocal band Alibabki.
"Aerolit" accompanied Czesław Niemen in 1974–1978. Initially it was formed from young musiсians of the rock band Krzak: Jacek Gazda, Jan Błędowski, Maciej Radziejewski, Piotr Dziemski. The word means "aerolite" in Polish.
- 1967 Dziwny jest ten świat ("Strange Is This World")
- 1968 Sukces ("Success")
- 1969 Czy mnie jeszcze pamiętasz? ("Do You Still Remember Me?")
- 1970 Enigmatic
- 1971 Niemen – aka "Człowiek jam niewdzięczny" or "Czerwony Album" ("Ungrateful Human I Am" or "Red Album")
- 1972 Strange Is This World (English lyrics, recorded in Germany)
- 1973 Ode to Venus (English lyrics, recorded in Germany)
- 1973 Niemen Vol. 1 and Niemen Vol. 2 – aka "Marionetki" ("Puppets")
- 1973 Russische Lieder ("Russian Songs", Russian lyrics, recorded in Germany)
- 1974 Mourner's Rhapsody (English lyrics, recorded in Germany)
- 1974 Niemen Aerolit
- 1975 Katharsis
- 1977 Idée Fixe
- 1980 Postscriptum
- 1982 Przeprowadzka ("Moving")
- 1989 Terra Deflorata
- 2001 spodchmurykapelusza ("fromunderthecloudofahat")
- 2007 41 Potencjometrów Pana Jana ("41 Mr. John's Potentiometers")
- 2009 Kattorna/Pamflet na ludzkość ("Kattorna/Lampoon for Mankind")
- 1979 The Best of Niemen
- 1989 Złote przeboje Czesława Niemena ("Golden hits of Czesław Niemen
- 1991 Gwiazdy mocnego uderzenia: Czesław Niemen (first singles)
- 1995 Sen o Warszawie ("Dream of Warsaw")
- 2000 Czas jak rzeka: Złota kolekcja ("Time Like River: Golden Collection")
- 2008 Spiżowy krzyk ("Brass scream")
Singles and EPs
- 1962 – Adieu Tristesse / El Soldado De Levita
- 1963 – Na swojską nutę (1) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
- 1963 – Na swojską nutę (2) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
- 1963 – W rytmie Madisona (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
- 1964 – Les Noir et Blue – Les Idoles de Pologne (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
- 1964 – Locomotion (EP) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
- 1964 – Czas jak rzeka (EP) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
- 1964 – Hippy, Hippy Shake (EP) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
- 1964 – Jeszcze sen (EP) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
- 1966 – A Varsovie (EP)
- 1966 – Sen o Warszawie (EP)
- 1967 – Dziwny jest ten świat (EP)
- 1968 – Obok nas / Baw się w ciuciubabkę
- 1969 – Io senza lei / Arcobaleno
- 1969 – Strange is This World (demo)
- 1969 – Una luce mai accesa / 24 ore spese bene con amore
- 1969 – Re di cuori
- 1970 – Oggi forse no / Domani
- 1971 – Strange is This World (demo 2)
- 1972 – Romanca Cherubina / Mazurek'
- 1972 – Strange is This World / We've Got The Sun
- 1975 – Mleczna droga / Dorożką na Księżyc
- 1979 – Nim przyjdzie wiosna / Pokój
- 1982 – Witaj przygodo zielona / Przeprowadzka
- 1986 – High Horse / Pod papugami
- 2002 – Jagody szaleju
- 1975: Niemen Aerolit
- 1978: Idée Fixe
- 2007: 41 Potencjometrów Pana Jana – a live record of a 1974 concert from tapes found in archives of Polish Radio.The record was "cut and mixed" with scotch tape and scissors by Czeslaw Niemen himself and Janusz Kosinski.
In 2009, National Bank of Poland presented three coins dedicated to Niemen: issued on June 19 two silver 10-zloty coins, one of which of square shape, and issued n June 17 2-zloty coin of Nordic Gold alloy. 
Books about Niemen
- Roman Radoszewski, Czesław Niemen: Kiedy się dziwić przestanę. Monografia artystyczna. Iskry, 2004. ISBN 83-207-1770-1.
- Marek Gaszyński, Czas jak rzeka. Prószyński i S-ka, 2004. ISBN 83-7337-849-9.
- Dariusz Michalski, Niemen o sobie. Warszawa: Twój Styl, 2005. ISBN 83-7163-568-0.
- Tadeusz Skliński, Niemen: dyskografia, fakty, twórczość. Nemunas, 2006. ISBN 83-9230-920-0.
- Dariusz Michalski, Czesław Niemen: Czy go jeszcze pamiętasz?. Warszawa: MG, 2009. ISBN 978-83-61297-76-5.
- Jan Edward Czachor, Czesław Niemen w Świebodzinie. Stowarzyszenie Pamięci Czesława Niemena w Świebodzinie, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Czesław Niemen.|
- Czesław Niemen at ProgArchives.com – photographs, reviews, music, discography
- (Polish) Niemen, partial dyscography incl. singles
- Czesław Niemen at culture.pl
- Did James Brown Inspire the Beat Generation in Poland?