Día del Amigo
||It has been suggested that this article be merged with International Friendship Day. (Discuss) Proposed since February 2012.|
During the twentieth century, there were several initiatives for the celebration of Friendship Day around the world. In the United States and parts of Asia, the first Sunday of August was reported as the date of greeting and presenting gifts to friends, and at various times similar celebrations were formed in different countries of South America and Europe.
The initiative to establish an internationally recognized Friendship Day had a historical antecedent, the World Friendship Crusade (Cruzada Mundial de la Amistad). Designed by Dr. Ramón Artemio Bracho in Puerto Pinasco, Paraguay, in 1958, it was a campaign aimed to promote friendship between human beings so that a culture of peace would be fostered. As a result of this idea, July 30 was set as Friendship Day (Día de la Amistad).
In Argentina, Dr. Enrique Ernesto Febbraro, a native of Lomas de Zamora (which in recognition of his initiative is the Provincial Capital of Friendship by city ordinance and also the headquarters of the World Association for Understanding), professor of psychology, philosophy, and history, musician, dentist, and founder of the Rotary Clubs of San Cristóbal and Balvanera in Buenos Aires, created Friend's Day after sending four thousand letters to a hundred countries around the world (to which he received 700 replies) upon realizing that, by watching the Apollo 11 landing, for the first time all mankind was united. The first official recognition of the day came from the government of Buenos Aires Province with Decree 235/79, which authorized the celebration and made it official.
In Argentina, Friend's Day is an excuse for a friendly gathering and greeting both current and old friends. Since it is not an Argentine public holiday, people tend to gather during the evening.
Friend's Day has in recent years turned into a very popular mass phenomenon. In 2005, the amount of well-wishing friends led to a temporary breakdown of the mobile phone network in the cities of Buenos Aires, Mendoza, Córdoba and Rosario, comparable to the one experienced in 2004 on Christmas and New Year's Day. Seats in most restaurants, bars, and other establishments are often completely booked a week before the celebration.
In Paraguay, the eve of July 30 is used for giving presents to close friends and loved ones, and celebrations are a common sight in bars and nightclubs. The game of the Invisible Friend (Amigo Invisible) is considered a tradition, in which small sheets of paper with names are given to all members of a group, each of them secretly selects one, and on July 30 gives a present to the person on the paper. This custom is practiced in both schools and workplaces in Asunción and other Paraguayan cities.
In Peru it is celebrated the first Saturday of July.
- International Friendship Day (first Sunday of August)
- "Gran polémica gran: proponen adelantar el Día del Amigo en homenaje al Negro Fontanarrosa" [Grand controversy grand: they propose to advance Friend's Day in honor of Fontanarrosa]. Minutouno.com (in Spanish). 19 July 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2011. "El 20 de julio de 1969, el mismo día que el hombre llegó a la Luna, el argentino Enrique Febbraro envió a varios países y en distintos idiomas, cerca de cuatro mil cartas con la propuesta de instituir el Día del Amigo. "La idea la maduré por años pero tuve que esperar algo significativo para alentarla. Y la llegada del hombre a la luna me sirvió para darle a la misión de Apolo XI el carácter de un hito: un hecho que demuestre que si el hombre se une con sus semejantes, no hay objetivos imposibles", explicó el mismísimo Febbraro en una entrevista a la revista Gente."
- "Gran polémica gran: proponen adelantar el Día del Amigo en homenaje al Negro Fontanarrosa" [Grand controversy grand: they propose to advance Friend's Day in honor of Fontanarrosa]. Minutouno.com (in Spanish). 19 July 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2011. "La iniciativa se concretó en nuestro país en 1970 pero recién 10 años más tarde el Gobierno Bonaerense sancionó el decreto 235 que permitió celebrarlo."
- "Gran polémica gran: proponen adelantar el Día del Amigo en homenaje al Negro Fontanarrosa" [Grand controversy grand: they propose to advance Friend's Day in honor of Fontanarrosa]. Minutouno.com (in Spanish). 19 July 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2011. "En la actualidad, muchos "Canallas" bloggeros proponen a través de la web que sea el sábado 19 el día para celebrar el Día del Amigo en conmemoración a la muerte del dibujante, humorista y célebre escritor que dedicó miles de diálogos a la amistad entre Mendieta e Inodoro Pereyra, Roberto Fontanarosa."
- "El Día del Amigo ya tiene su previa en Internet" [Friend's Day already has a preview on the Internet]. Clarín (in Spanish) (Buenos Aires). 18 July 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2011. "Como si todo esto fuera poco, el usuario Pola91 creó un blog destinado exclusivamente a exigir que se cambie la fecha del Día del Amigo al 19 de julio, para recordar la partida del genial humorista gráfico y escritor Roberto "El Negro" Fontanarrosa."
- BRAZIL, Câmara dos Deputados. Datas Comemorativas. March 2003.