Düren (district)

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Düren
District
Coat of arms of Düren
Coat of arms
North rhine w DN.svg
Country  Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. region Cologne
Founded 1972
Capital Düren
Area
 • Total 941.15 km2 (363.38 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 258,385
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration DN, JÜL
Website http://www.kreis-dueren.de

Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Heinsberg, Neuss, Rhein-Erft-Kreis, Euskirchen and Aachen.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1972 by merging the former districts of Jülich and Düren. Both districts date back to 1816 when the new Prussian province Rhineland was created. Before the Napoleonic Wars all of the area belonged to the duchy of Jülich.

Geography[edit]

Geographically it covers both the lowlands of the Niederrheinische Bucht as well as the hills of the Eifel. The district has rich lignite (brown coal) deposits, which is used in open pit mining. Another big industry is paper production, which dates back to the second part of the 16th century. The main river in the district is the Rur.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms shows the lion from the city of Jülich in the upper part. In the bottom it has a paper roll with the capital letter D for Düren, because the paper industry has long history. The coat of arms were granted in 1942.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Towns Municipalities
  1. Wappen der Stadt Düren.svg Düren
  2. DEU Heimbach COA.jpg Heimbach
  3. Wappen Juelich.svg Jülich
  4. DEU Linnich COA.svg Linnich
  5. DEU Nideggen COA.svg Nideggen
  1. DEU Aldenhoven COA.svg Aldenhoven
  2. DEU Huertgenwald COA.jpg Hürtgenwald
  3. DEU Inden (Rhld.) COA.jpg Inden
  4. DEU Kreuzau COA.jpg Kreuzau
  5. DEU Langerwehe COA.jpg Langerwehe
  1. DEU Merzenich COA.png Merzenich
  2. DEU Niederzier COA.svg Niederzier
  3. Wappen Nörvenich.PNG Nörvenich
  4. Wappen Titz.png Titz
  5. Wappen Vettweiß.jpg Vettweiß

Sister County[edit]

Düren has a partnership with Dorchester County in Maryland.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kreis Düren at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 50°50′N 6°30′E / 50.83°N 6.5°E / 50.83; 6.5