Dégelis

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Dégelis
City
Dégelis.jpg
Location within Témiscouata RCM.
Location within Témiscouata RCM.
Dégelis is located in Eastern Quebec
Dégelis
Dégelis
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 47°33′N 68°39′W / 47.550°N 68.650°W / 47.550; -68.650Coordinates: 47°33′N 68°39′W / 47.550°N 68.650°W / 47.550; -68.650[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Bas-Saint-Laurent
RCM Témiscouata
Settled 1880
Constituted December 13, 1969
Government[2]
 • Mayor Claude Lavoie
 • Federal riding Rimouski-Neigette—
Témiscouata—Les Basques
 • Prov. riding Rivière-du-Loup-Témiscouata
Area[2][3]
 • Total 568.00 km2 (219.31 sq mi)
 • Land 556.64 km2 (214.92 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 3,051
 • Density 5.5/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 4.9%
 • Dwellings 1,517
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G5T 2G3
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways
A-85 / TCH

Route 185 / TCH
Route 295
Website www.ville.degelis.qc.ca

Dégelis is a city in Témiscouata Regional County Municipality within the Bas-Saint-Laurent region of Quebec. Its population in the Canada 2011 Census was 3,051.[2][3] The Madawaska River flows from Lake Témiscouata, through Degelis, to join the Saint John River 32km to the East at Edmundston, New Brunswick.

Geography[edit]

The town is situated on Route 185, also known as the Trans-Canada Highway, close to the Quebec-New Brunswick Border.

History[edit]

Dégelis was founded in 1885 and its initial name was Sainte-Rose du Dégelé. Before its foundation, it was a military fort used to defend Canada's border with United States. Four families of British soldiers lived in two locations in the territory of the current city from 1814 to 1823 . In 1839, the construction of the fort began on the current city of Dégelis. The small fort was part of a series of forts which included Fort Ingall. Soldiers and settlers inhabited the fort and its surrounding area. Some settlers remained in the region after the Aroostook War.

The catholic mission Sainte-Rose-du-Dégelé was founded in 1860. The foundation's mission coincides with the beginning of colonization of the territory then known as Le Dégely.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Dégelis revolves mainly around the forest industry. The city is home to a sawmill which produces hardwood briquettes of maple, oak, beech, and ash. The municipality has reduced hours of operation.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Dégelis, Quebec[6]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 3,350 —    
1996 3,437 +2.6%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 3,317 −3.5%
2006 3,209 −3.3%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 3,051 −4.9%

Language[edit]

The mother tongue of most residents is, and has always been, French.

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Dégelis, Quebec[6]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
2,975
2,950 Decrease 3.6% 99.16% 15 Decrease 25.0% 0.50% 5 Decrease 50.0% 0.17% 5 Decrease 50.0% 0.17%
2006
3,100
3,060 Decrease 4.2% 98.71% 20 Increase n/a% 0.65% 10 Decrease 66.7% 0.32% 10 Steady 0.0% 0.32%
2001
3,235
3,195 Decrease 4.1% 98.76% 0 Decrease 100.0% 0.00% 30 Increase 200.0% 0.93% 10 Increase n/a% 0.31%
1996
3,350
3,330 n/a 99.40% 10 n/a 0.30% 10 n/a 0.30% 0 n/a 0.00%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 17393 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b c Geographic code 13005 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b c d "(Code 2413005) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. 
  4. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  5. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  6. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]