Chamber of Deputies

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Chamber of deputies is the name given to a legislative body such as the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or can refer to a unicameral legislature.

Description[edit]

Historically, France's "Chamber of Deputies" was the lower house of the French Parliament during the Bourbon Restoration, the July Monarchy, and the French Third Republic; the name is still informally used for the National Assembly under the nation's current Fifth Republic.

The term "chamber of deputies" — although it was used as the name of the lower house of parliament in Burma, a former British colony — is not widely used by English-speaking countries, the more popular equivalent being "House of Representatives". It was also the official description of Dáil Éireann (the lower house of the Irish parliament) during the period of the Irish Free State.

In Malta, the House of Representatives is known, in Maltese, as "Kamra tad-Deputati". In Lebanon, the literal Arabic name of that country's parliament is Majlis an-Nuwwab, or, "Chamber of Deputies" (although officially used French and English translations are "Assemblée Nationale" and "National Assembly", respectively).

A member of a "chamber of deputies" is generally called a "deputy", the definition of which is similar to that of "congressperson" or "member of parliament". The term "deputy" may be used to refer to any member of a legislative body or chamber; this usage is particularly common in those French- and Spanish-speaking countries whose parliaments or legislative chambers refer to themselves as "national assemblies"; the term is also used by Portugal's Assembly of the Republic, and often in Ireland as a form of address when referring to members of Dáil Éireann.[1][2]

Lower house in bicameral legislature[edit]

In the following countries, the Chamber of Deputies is the name of the lower house of the bicameral legislature.

Country Article Local name(s)
Argentina Chamber of Deputies of Argentina Cámara de Diputados
Bahrain Chamber of Deputies of Bahrain Majlis an Nuwab
Bolivia Chamber of Deputies of Bolivia Cámara de Diputados
Brazil Chamber of Deputies (Brazil) Câmara dos Deputados
Chile Chamber of Deputies of Chile Cámara de Diputados
Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic Poslanecká sněmovna
Dominican Republic Chamber of Deputies of the Dominican Republic Cámara de Diputados
Haiti Chamber of Deputies of Haiti Chambre des Députés
Italy Chamber of Deputies (Italy) Camera dei Deputati
Jordan Chamber of Deputies of Jordan Majlis al-Nuwaab
Mexico Chamber of Deputies (Mexico) Cámara de Diputados
Paraguay Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Cámara de Diputados
Romania Chamber of Deputies (Romania) Camera Deputaţilor
Rwanda Chamber of Deputies of Rwanda Umutwe w'Abadepite
Chambre des Députés
Chamber of Deputies
Spain Congress of Deputies of Spain Congreso de los Diputados
Uruguay Chamber of Deputies of Uruguay Cámara de Diputados

Unicameral legislatures[edit]

In the following countries, 'Chamber of Deputies' is the name given to the unicameral parliaments :

Country Article Local Name
Lebanon Chamber of Deputies (Lebanon) Assemblée Nationale (National Assembly) / مجلس نواب (Majles Nuweb)
Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies (Luxembourg) Chambre des députés (French) / D'Chamber (Luxembourgish)
Malta Chamber of Deputies (Malta) Kamra tad-Deputati (Maltese)
Tunisia Chamber of Deputies (Tunisia) Majlis al-Nuwaab

Defunct Chambers of Deputies[edit]

1. Legislature disbanded
2. New constitution, unicameral system adopted

See also[edit]

References[edit]