Dùn, St Kilda

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Dùn from Ruaival with Stac Levenish in the background at left.

Dùn (or "Dun" without the diacritic) is an island in the St Kilda archipelago. It is nearly a mile long. Its name simply means "fort" in Scottish Gaelic (for more information, see "dun"), but the fort itself has been lost - old maps show it on Gob an Dùin (NF109972), which is at the seaward end.

Almost joined to Hirta at Ruiaval, the two islands are separated by Caolas an Dùin (the straits of Dùn). This prevents Soay sheep from Hirta straying onto the island, and thus it is more vegetated.

The small island is home to the largest colony of fulmars in Britain. Prior to 1828, St Kilda was their only British Isles breeding ground, but they have since spread and established colonies elsewhere, such as at Fowlsheugh.[1]

A cleit above Village Bay, Hirta. Dùn can be seen in the background
Map showing Dùn and Hirta

Dùn, which protects Village Bay on Hirta from the prevailing south-westerly winds, was at one time joined to Hirta by a natural arch. MacLean (1972) suggests that the arch was broken when struck by a galleon fleeing the defeat of the Armada, but other sources, such as Mitchell (1992), provide the more credible (if less romantic) explanation that the arch was simply swept away by one of the many fierce storms which batter the islands every winter.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fisher, James & Waterston, George (Nov. 1941) The Breeding Distribution, History and Population of The Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) in the British Isles. Edinburgh. The Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol. 10, No. 2 pp. 204-272. Retrieved 24 March 2007
  • Haswell-Smith, Hamish The Scottish Islands
  • Fisher, James & Waterston, George (Nov. 1941) The Breeding Distribution, History and Population of The Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) in the British Isles. Edinburgh. The Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol. 10, No. 2 pp. 204–272.
  • MacLean, Charles Island on the Edge of the World: the Story of St. Kilda, Canongate, 1977

Coordinates: 57°47′41″N 8°33′11″W / 57.79463°N 8.55296°W / 57.79463; -8.55296