Düsseldorf–Elberfeld railway

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Düsseldorf-Elberfeld
Erkrath Hochdahl.png
Line number 2550 (Long distance)
2525 (S-Bahn)
Technical
Line length 27 km (17 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 15 kV 16.7 Hz
Operating speed 130 km/h (max)
Maximum incline 3.3
Route number 455, 485 (Long distance)
450.8, 450.9, 450.11 (S-Bahn)
Route map
Trunk line from Hagen S 8
115.4 (38.1) Wuppertal Hbf(formerly Elberfeld)
114.6 (37.4) Wuppertal-Steinbeck
(36.9) Wuppertal-Steinbeck goods yard
former Burgholz Railway to Cronenberg
111.9 (34.6) Wuppertal Zoologischer Garten
Sonnborn railway bridge, Wupper
Wuppertal Schwebebahn
111,1 (33.8)
Wuppertal-Sonnborn
(formerly Sonnborn BME)
Wuppertal northern railway
(grade separated crossing)
109.1 (31.9) Wuppertal-Vohwinkel(triangular)
S-Bahn line to Essen S 9
former Corkscrew Railway to Solingen
106.1 (00.0 Linden junction
104.2 (26.9) Gruiten
Trunk line to Solingen
103.7 (26.4) Gruiten junction
101.0 (23.7) Hochdahl-Millrath
(23.0) Hochdahl siding
99.6 (22.3) Hochdahl junction
99.3 (22.2) Hochdahl
Hildener Straße LC
Erkrath-Hochdahl steep grade
96.5 (19.2) Erkrath
S-Bahn line from Mettmann S 28
93.8 (16.6)
Düsseldorf-Gerresheim
(formerly Gerresheim BME)
BSicon eABZlg.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg former alignment from Mettmann until 1891
Connecting line to Hardt junction
former southern route until 1891
Hardt junction–Düsseldorf-Eller freight line
Connecting curve from Hardt junction
90.7 (00.0 Fortuna junction
Connecting line from D-Grafenberg
Oberbilk BME junction
former route until 1891 (see below)
Sidings from D-Grafenberg
90.0 (00.0 Dora junction
(12.6) Düsseldorf-Flingern
Connecting line to Rethel junction
Freight bypass (route of the CME)
Trunk line from Duisburg
S-Bahn line from Duisburg S 1S 11
Suburban line from Düsseldorf Airport
former Freight bypass (low level)
88.4 (11.1) Düsseldorf Hbf
former route until 1891 (see below)
Trunk line to Cologne
S-Bahn line to Cologne S 1S 6
Suburban line to Düsseldorf-Reisholz
Line to Neuss S 8S 28
 Former alignment in Düsseldorf until 1891 
Line from Wuppertal (see above)
~93.0 Route since 1891 to the north
Hardt junction–Düsseldorf-Eller freight line
Industrial sidings
former route of the Ruhr Valley Railway
~90.0 Oberbilk BME junction
Freight bypass (Route of the CME)
former route from Lierenfeld CME junction
Düsseldorf Hbf
Düsseldorf CME
87.0 Düsseldorf DEE(Graf-Adolf-Platz)
Düsseldorf Rheinknie
Düsseldorf Hafen

The Düsseldorf–Elberfeld railway is a 27 km long main line railway in Germany, originally built by the Düsseldorf-Elberfeld Railway Company, connecting Düsseldorf and Elberfeld (now Wuppertal) via Erkrath, Hochdahl and Vohwinkel. It is served by Regional Express, Regionalbahn and S-Bahn trains.

History[edit]

The Düsseldorf–Elberfeld railway was built from 1838 to 1841 by the Düsseldorf-Elberfeld Railway Company (Düsseldorf-Elberfelder Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, DEE), which had been established for this purpose. It was taken over by the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company (Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, BME) in 1857 and a continuous second track was built by 1865.[1]

Realignment of lines in Düsseldorf[edit]

Realigment of the lines, former BME line in red, new combined lines in green

The Düsseldorf Central Station opened on 1 October 1891 replaced the three stations of the recently nationalised, formerly (nominally) private railway companies. The new line from the Düsseldorf station ran north along the existing route of the trunk line of the Cologne-Minden Railway Company to Wehrhahn CME junction. It then swung east and followed the Düsseldorf-Derendorf–Dortmund Süd line of the Rhenish Railway Company. East of the intersection with the Troisdorf–Mülheim-Speldorf freight line it rejoined it original route. The Düsseldorf Valley Railway separates at the same place and runs to the northeast.

Erkrath-Hochdahl incline[edit]

Beginning of the climb in Erkrath station

The biggest challenge in the construction of the line was dealing with the climb between Erkrath and Hochdahl. The line has a gradient of 3.33% and rises 82 m in about 2.5 km. For more than one hundred years, this was the steepest main line in Europe. For many years trains had to be hauled by cable, originally driven by a stationary steam engine. A few months later haulage by cable attached to a stationary steam engine was changed to haulage by cable attached via pulleys to a locomotive running downhill on an additional track. With the duplication of the remainder of the line in 1865, the steep section of line became three-track, until the electrification of the line in 1963. The third track was rebuilt in 1985, as part of the additional third track built for the planned S-Bahn line. In 1926, cable haulage on the incline was replaced by bank engines.

Current situation[edit]

Gruiten station, with the Solingen line to the left, the two line S-Bahn station to the right and the single-line long distance in front and further right.

Between Gruiten junction and the Düsseldorf-Gerresheim station the long distance line is only single track. Regional Express lines RE 4 Wupper-Express and RE 13 Maas-Wupper-Express run on this line, stopping only at Düsseldorf, Vohwinkel and Wuppertal. S-Bahn line S 8 services runs on the parallel two-track S-Bahn line.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Line 2550: Aachen - Kassel". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 

References[edit]

  • Track data from Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2007/2008 edition ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2007. ISBN 978-3-89494-136-9.